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May 7, 2012

U.S. study says Type 2 diabetes in youth is hard to control

U.S. study says Type 2 diabetes in youth is hard to control

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Monday, May 7, 2012

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A person applying insulin treatment to self.
Image: Mr Hyde.

This algorithm applies only to the assessment for overweight and obesity and subsequent decisions based on that assessment.

US researchers have found that overweight teens diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes will face harsh struggles trying to control it in a study released April 29.

A teen with Type 2 diabetes was uncommon just 15 years ago. Today, one-third of American youth are found to be overweight or obese — and more obesity is associated with higher rates of Type 2 diabetes.

New England Journal of Medicine

The study, published in the newest issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, analyzed various methods “to manage blood sugar in overweight and obese teens newly diagnosed with diabetes and found that nearly half of them failed within a few years and one in five suffered serious complications.” The findings support an increase in national “diabesity,” which is Type 2 diabetes produced from obesity.

The study is the first in-depth examination of how to medicate teens with diabetes. The majority of previous studies have solely focused on diabetes in adults. Therefore, nearly all drugs manufactured for diabetes are not approved for youths.

The research included 699 overweight and obese teens with diabetes. The teens were prescribed one of three treatments after they were given metformin, a drug to lower blood sugar. The three groups consisted of only metformin, metformin plus diet and exercise, or metformin plus a second drug, Rosiglitazone, commonly known as Avandia.

The study discovered that after four years, “half the teens in the metformin group failed to maintain blood sugar control.” The teens that took two drugs faired slightly better, and those that took metformin incorporated with a lifestyle changed saw an insignificant difference.

According to one of the paper’s authors, Dr. Phil Zeitler from the University of Colorado Denver, youths should be taking steps to prevent Type 2 diabetes.

Related study

In a related study, Dr. Mari K. Hopper has collected data over the course of two and a half years at the University of Southern Indiana. Her focus — student obesity, or specifically, the beginning stage, Insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance occurs when the body needs more insulin to keep glucose at a normal level. Eventually, insulin resistance can set the stage for Type 2 diabetes and heart disease. “Insulin resistance is real and it can be quantified and about half of insulin resistance is lifestyle and the other half is genetics,” said Hopper, assistant professor of biology. “If you are insulin resistant, then that condition can be reversed.”

Hopper’s goal is to make students aware of insulin resistance and to choose to maintain a healthy lifestyle before diabetes has the chance to set in.Hopper analyzes how the college lifestyle affects a student’s overall health. Students begin the study as a subject and are invited to come back as a student researcher. They continue to collect data on the new freshman class and on themselves. There are two cohort groups, fall 2009 and fall 2010.

“I thought when they came in as freshman they would be relatively healthy, and then they would be exposed to the college lifestyle,” Hopper said. “My hypothesis is that these students, after four years, will become more insulin resistant.”

However, Hopper said she is finding that students are beginning college not as healthy as she had anticipated. “We are already incurring about 30 percent of them being overweight or obese,” Hopper said. Diet changes, the cost of eating well, stress, not enough sleep and inadequate exercise are all factors contributing to a student’s weight gain in college, she said.

“I really thought that the college years was a critical time in reaching these students in identifying risk factors for their future health so that the behavior could be modified now,” Hopper said. Her findings suggest, health care prevention has to occur earlier in youth.



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May 4, 2012

Kony 2012 campaign faces ridicule, praise

Kony 2012 campaign faces ridicule, praise

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Friday, May 4, 2012

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Jason Russell at “The Rescue” of Invisible Children in Santa Monica in 2009.
Image: Jane Rahman.

US President Barack Obama makes an announcement at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum to extend US troops in Central Africa to attempt to capture Lord’s Resistance Army leader Joseph Kony.
Video: The White House.

Recently, the non-profit activist organization, Invisible Children, Inc. released a video online which served to kick start the Kony 2012 campaign. The campaign was meant to raise awareness about the Lord’s Resistance Army and its leader Joseph Kony. Both support and condemnation followed the release of the video.

The video attracted over 100 million views and lead to significant discussion via an array of social networking sites. The campaign assertively called for people to “pledge” to stand up and take action against Joseph Kony and the Lord’s Resistance Army. However, of the 104 million views of the film, only 3.4 percent of those people pledged to do something about the issue.

“I know that there is some criticism, in particular about the campaign and Invisible Children as an organization,” said Josh Schuler, the director of programming at Christian Fellowship Church in Evansville, Indiana. “I really think that some of that stuff is unfounded and people don’t understand what it’s like for the Ugandans.”

Schuler is an advocate for Invisible Children’s push to capture Joseph Kony. He has visited Uganda twice, once in 1997 and again in 2010. There, Schuler and a missions team from the church, spent the majority of their time speaking to school children in orphanages, and similar institutions and also addressed groups in various men’s and women’s prisons, in and around Kampala, Uganda.

Some of the criticism of Invisible Children comes from people questioning what they do with their donations. Invisible Children’s website provides financial statements from 2006 to 2011. Statements reveal that, in 2011 the organization’s net income was US$4,870,547. However, the report does not state how the organization spends those monies. Invisible Children did not provide a statement to Wikinews about the net income.

“If you look at Invisible Children’s budget, a lot of it is awareness; raising money so they can build awareness, not necessarily so they can execute justice, because they are not a justice organization,” Schuler said.

Invisible Children’s 2011 annual report compares their Central Africa Programs from 2011 with years 2010 and 2009. It shows that Invisible Children spent only 37 percent on these programs in 2011, compared with 46.5 percent in 2010, when Invisible Children made a revenue of 67 percent more in 2011 than in 2010.

“Honestly, even if Invisible Children was completely illegitimate, Kony is still a madman and he still needs to be brought to justice,” Schuler said. Schuler emphasized that the value of awareness is huge, however he believes the next step to take is “calling congressmen, senators and lobbying for them to take action.”

“There are bills out there trying to allocate dollars that are already in the U.S. budget to continue to fund the work of these groups in countries to bring people to justice,” Schuler said.

The United States is taking few steps to apprehend Kony. “If Uganda was resource rich to the degree that Iraq was, in the United States we would be talking about Joseph Kony to the same degree that we talk about Saddam Hussein, it’s just that Uganda is not full of oil,” Schuler said. “There is no economic benefit for the U.S. to go prosecute [Kony], it’s purely justice.”

Cquote1.svg Honestly, even if Invisible Children was completely illegitimate, Kony is still a madman and he still needs to be brought to justice. Cquote2.svg

—Josh Schuler

United States President Barack Obama first assigned 100 troops in October 2011 in Uganda to search for Kony. On April 25, 2012 Obama announced that he had extended their time in Africa, aiming for Kony’s capture. “There is legislation out there; an organization, International Justice Mission, which is a prosecuting organization working around the world for issues with social justice, prosecuting cases with sex slavery and child labor around the world,” Schuler said.

There have also been questions raised asking whether Kony is even still alive and doubts about his current location. “Kony and the LRA have been pushed out of Uganda, but they still do raids into northern Uganda,” Schuler said. “Taking Kony out, doesn’t fix all of the problems. It would definitely start to help with some of it. And I think the corruption stuff could actually be solved democratically.”

The film, released on March 5 shows clips of two different trips that co-founder and director of Invisible Children, Jason Russell, took to Uganda. They want to the campaign to raise awareness in hope that if enough people call for Kony’s capture, US leaders would have to respond. Using this strategy, Invisible Children’s goal is to detain Kony by December 2012.

Invisible Children was started in 2004 after Jason Russell, Bobby Bailey and Laren Poole traveled to Uganda to film a documentary, Invisible Children: The Rough Cut, about the ongoing civil war in Uganda. Since its establishment, Invisible Children has started multiple campaigns to raise awareness.

After the initial release of the first Kony 2012 video, both support and condemnation followed. The negative reviews from the public lead Invisible Children to release a second video titled Kony 2012 Part IIBeyond Famous, on April 2, 2012. The video was published to address the criticism and issues of the first video and shed light on what the organization has accomplished in Uganda.



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This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.

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April 30, 2012

Study in U.S. finds treatment of type 2 diabetes in youth difficult to control

From Wikinews, the free news source you can write!
Jump to: navigation, search

Monday, April 30, 2012

This algorithm applies only to the assessment for overweight and obesity and subsequent decisions based on that assessment.

US researchers have found that overweight teens diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2, or type 2 diabetes, will face harsh struggles trying to control it in a study released April 29.

A teen with type 2 diabetes was uncommon just 15 years ago. Today, one-third of American youth are found to be overweight or obese.

The study, published in the newest issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, analyzed various methods “to manage blood sugar in overweight and obese teens newly diagnosed with diabetes and found that nearly half of them failed within a few years and one in five suffered serious complications.” Thus, the findings support an increase of national “diabesity,” which is type 2 diabetes produced from obesity.

The study is the first, in depth examination of how to medicate teens with diabetes. The majority of previous studies have solely focused on diabetes in adults. Therefore, nearly all drugs manufactured for diabetes are not approved for youths.

The research included 699 overweight and obese teens with diabetes. The teens were prescribed one of three treatments after they were given metformin, a drug to lower blood sugar. The three groups consisted of only metformin, metformin plus diet and exercise, or metformin plus a second drug, Rosiglitazone, commonly known as Avandia.

The study discovered that after four years, “half the teens in the metformin group failed to maintain blood sugar control.” The teens that took two drugs faired slightly better, and those that took metformin incorporated with a lifestyle changed saw an insignificant difference.

Dr. Mari K. Hopper has collected data over the course of two and a half years at the University of Southern Indiana. Her focus — student obesity, or specifically, the beginning stage, Insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance occurs when the body needs more insulin to keep glucose at a normal level. Eventually, insulin resistance can set the stage for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

“Insulin resistance is real and it can be quantified and about half of insulin resistance is lifestyle and the other half is genetics,” said Hopper, assistant professor of biology. “If you are insulin resistant, then that condition can be reversed.”

Hopper’s goal is to make students aware of insulin resistance and to choose to maintain a healthy lifestyle before diabetes has the chance to set in.

Hopper analyzes how the college lifestyle affects a student’s overall health. Students begin the study as a subject and are invited to come back as a student researcher. They continue to collect data on the new freshman class and on themselves. There are two cohort groups, fall 2009 and fall 2010.

“I thought when they came in as freshman they would be relatively healthy, and then they would be exposed to the college lifestyle,” Hopper said. “My hypothesis is that these students, after four years, will become more insulin resistant.”

However, Hopper said she is finding that students are beginning college not as healthy as she had anticipated.

“We are already incurring about 30 percent of them being overweight or obese,” Hopper said.

Diet changes, the cost of eating well, stress, not enough sleep and inadequate exercise are all factors contributing to a student’s weight gain in college, she said.

“I really thought that the college years was a critical time in reaching these students in identifying risk factors for their future health so that the behavior could be modified now,” Hopper said.



Sources

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

April 22, 2012

Florida judge awards Zimmerman $150,000 bond in Trayvon Martin shooting

Florida judge awards Zimmerman $150,000 bond in Trayvon Martin shooting

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Sunday, April 22, 2012

Crime and law
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2012 mugshot of George Zimmerman.
Image: Superm401.

George Zimmerman, the Florida neighborhood watch captain who faces second-degree murder charges for shooting and killing Trayvon Martin, took the stand Friday in a Florida courtroom for a bond hearing. While on stand, Zimmerman apologized to the parents of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin.

“I am sorry for the loss of your son. I did not know how old he was. I thought he was a little bit younger than I am. I did not know if he was armed or not,” Zimmerman said addressing Martin’s family directly.

Judge Kenneth Lester granted Zimmerman with a US$150,000 bond, about 100,000, at the conclusion of the hearing. Zimmerman will also have to wear a GPS monitoring device. Mark O’Mara, Zimmerman’s attorney, said it will take some time to collect bail and that he expects Zimmerman to be released from custody within a few days.

Prosecutor Bernie De La Rionda argued Zimmerman should not have been allowed bond or if he was given bond that it should have been set at US$1 million, which is about €750,000.

A photograph obtained by ABC News could give credibility to Zimmerman’s story. The photo is of Zimmerman’s head, covered in blood. Zimmerman claims Martin had pummeled his head into the concrete during their fight. Robert Zimmerman, a former magistrate and the accused’s father, testified in regards to Zimmerman’s injuries after Martin was killed.

“His face was swollen quite a bit,” Robert Zimmerman said. “There was a protective cover over his nose, his lip was cut and there were two vertical gashes on the back of his head.”

During the hearing, O’Mara questioned State Attorney’s Investigator, Dale Gilbreath, who confessed that no clear evidence has been found that proves Zimmerman attacked Martin first.

Cquote1.svg I am sorry for the loss of your son. I did not know how old he was. I thought he was a little bit younger than I am. I did not know if he was armed or not. Cquote2.svg

—George Zimmerman

Zimmerman’s family insisted that Zimmerman was not a violent person.

“He’s absolutely not a violent person or a threat to the community,” said Zimmerman’s wife, Shellie.

Zimmerman’s wife and parents were fearful of their safety and testified through phone at the hearing. Shellie asked the court keep Zimmerman’s address secret once he is released for fear of his safety.

Time of important events throughout the Trayvon Martin case. Image:  Kelsey_lyn.



Related articles

  • “Zimmerman stands before judge for the Trayvon Martin shooting” — Wikinews, April 14, 2011

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March 21, 2012

Wikinews Shorts: March 21, 2012

Wikinews Shorts: March 21, 2012 – Wikinews, the free news source

Wikinews Shorts: March 21, 2012

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Jump to: navigation, search

A compilation of brief news reports for Wednesday, March 21, 2012.

Help Wikinews! Contribute to Wikinews by expanding these briefs or add a new one.

Iraq bombings cause security concerns for Arab summit

A series of car bombings in Iraq left around 50 dead and more than 200 wounded on Tuesday. Seven of Iraq’s 18 provinces were attacked. The attacks were described as coordinated although no group behind them has been identified.

The bombings raise safety concerns ahead of next week’s Arab League summit meeting. In response, Iraqi officials will declare a holiday beginning Sunday that will run through April 1 in Baghdad, allowing restriction of traffic around the summit meeting area.

Sources


Mexico damaged by quake

Mexico Earthquake Density Map

Mexican authorities continue assessing damages from yesterday’s earthquake. Around 800 homes were damaged in the town of Igualapa, Guerrero, and close to the epicenter in the south. The number of injuries totaled eleven so far but no deaths have been reported. Most of the injuries were reported in Oaxaca, which borders Guerrero. Mexico’s government has sent out helicopters to assess damage and set up shelters for residents in need.

Yesterday’s incident was measured by the U.S. Geological Survey as a 7.4 magnitude quake, which makes it one of the strongest since 1985.

Related news

  • “Magnitude 7.4 earthquake strikes Mexico; no fatalities reported” — Wikinews, March 21, 2012

Sources


Apple officials scorch iPad 3 concerns

The iPad 3

Consumer Reports revealed through testing that Apple’s iPad 3 can reach a sizzling 116 degrees Fahrenheit, or 46 Celsius. The new iPad was found to operate hotter than the previous versions. Apple Computer did not agree that its product was overheating. The company said the latest iPad runs within a normal range and would warn users if it passed its limit, but the company declined to state what that range was.

Apple’s forums house several consumer concerns about the new iPad overheating. Some debated whether to return the product.

Sources


Moto2 Wraps up final pre-season test at Jerez

Taltrans Racing rider Claudio Corti made his way to the top of the time sheets with a blazing 1’41.983 on the third and final day of testing at Jerez circuit. The Italian Moto2 rider was just .004 ahead of Thomas Lüthi of Interwetten Paddock GP who was fastest the first two days. All riders except Scott Redding (7th), Randy Krummenacher (21st), Gino Rea (23rd), and Elena Rosell (33rd) ran their fastest times today.

The test at Jerez was the first to feature the official Moto2 engine, and the last chance for an official practice before the first race in Qatar April 5-8.

Sources


NFL Fines New Orleans Saints for “bounties”

Head coach for the New Orleans Saints American football team Sean Payton has been suspended for the entire 2012 season and the team fined US$500,000 for operating a bounty program to injure opponents in games. Gregg Williams, the former defensive coach who is now with the St. Louis Rams, has been suspended indefinitely, and will have his status reviewed at the season’s end.

The team will lose it’s second round draft picks for the 2012 and 2013 season. General Manager Mickey Loomis was suspended without pay for the first eight regular-season games of the 2012 season, the National Football League (NFL) said. The assistant head coach was also suspended for six games without pay.

The NFL is currently receiving class action law suits from former players for multiple injuries.

Sources



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