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December 19, 2009

Students raise record amounts of money during Christmas fundraiser at Benet Academy, Illinois

Students raise record amounts of money during Christmas fundraiser at Benet Academy, Illinois

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Saturday, December 19, 2009

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Benet Academy

Students at Benet Academy in Lisle, Illinois, United States raised record amounts of money this year during their Christmas Drive fundraiser.

The annual two-week event is aimed at promoting the Christmas spirit in helping the poor and needy. Coordination of the fundraiser is a joint effort by the faculty and three students organizations—Student Government, National Honor Society (NHS), and Outreach. Donations from previous years have allowed Outreach to provide food and Christmas gifts to dozens of families during the holiday season. NHS in the past has provided blankets, winter gear, and toys to local families as well.

A semi-formal dance held on Dec. 5 kicked off the Christmas Drive this year. Two weeks of in-school fundraising efforts ensued, including several no-uniform days and Benet’s traditional Penny Wars. In that four-day activity, the four grade levels competed against each other to see who can collect the most pennies. Nickels, dimes, and quarters were allowed but had negative value in the class total. The seniors won this contest, allowing them to have a no-uniform day on Dec. 11. Other activities such as bake sales and a beard-growing contest raised money as well.

During an all-school assembly on Friday, the last day of the drive, Student Government President Kyle Marinko announced that preliminary calculations put the amount of donations at US$53,392.82, a record for the school. Last year’s drive collected approximately US$42,000. A final total has not been officially announced, since Student Government officials continue to count additional donations that have been received.


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October 12, 2007

Augusten Burroughs on addiction, writing, his family and his new book

Augusten Burroughs on addiction, writing, his family and his new book

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Friday, October 12, 2007

“I just want addicts to stop. I want addicts to do whatever it takes. If it takes thinking of me as a hero, fine. If it takes thinking I’m a jerk, fine. If my book makes someone look at themselves, or look at their lives, then that’s what I want.”
Image: David Shankbone..

I had an unofficial phone call from Gay Talese last Tuesday. He had just flown back from Colombia and he was cranky. “I’m happy to do an interview with you,” he said, “but what the hell could you ask me that’s not already out there? Have you even bothered to look?!”

“Jeez, Mr. Talese, lots of things,” was my response. I lied. The truth is that when I call people to interview them, I do not have a set of preconceived questions. My agenda is to talk to them and gain a sense of who they are; to flesh them out as humans. To find out what they think about the world around them at that moment. With Gay Talese I had little interest in talking about Frank Sinatra Has a Cold and with Augusten Burroughs I had little interest in discussing Running with Scissors. I want to know what they think about things outside of the boxes people have placed them in.

With a memoirist like Burroughs, even this is a challenge. What parts of his life he has not written about himself, other interviewers have strip-mined. When we met for dinner at Lavagna in the East Village, I explained to Augusten this issue. I suggested we make the interview more of a conversation to see if that would be more interesting. “Instead of you in the catbird seat,” I said, “let’s just talk.”

We struck an instant rapport. What set out to be an hour and half interview over dinner had turned into four hours of discussion about our lives similarly lived. I removed half of the interview: the half that focused on me.

Below is Wikinews reporter David Shankbone’s conversation with writer Augusten Burroughs.


On addiction and getting sober

David Shankbone: It’s difficult to be creative and innovative. When you come up with an idea and then come across a place where it has already been done, how do you overcome disenchantment that can ruin your inspiration?

Augusten Burroughs: It’s funny; back when I was in advertising that was the one thing I wanted to be: original. I didn’t own a television and I never watched commercials. In advertising everyone studies the awards annuals, which are hardcover compendiums of all the best advertising examples. I would never read them when I first got in. I didn’t want to be polluted, and I think it’s like that with the writing, but much less–I don’t think about it to that extent. The way I work best is not the way I wish I worked best. The way I actually work best is to not think, but just to do. Dry was really the first book I ever wrote, and the reason for that is because I was 30, and I got out of rehab, and it was the first time I had been sober in my adult life. I hadn’t been sober since I was …16…I had been a nightly drinker from 16 on. And I was 30–

DS: You started drinking when you were 13, but 16 was when you were really–

AB: That was when I was going all the time, and then at 17 it was every night. I would drink every single night. And by 18, 19, I was an alcoh–I needed it. I needed to always drink. So I went to rehab when I was 30, and when I got out I was living over here on Third Avenue and Tenth Street, in this really crappy little apartment. I didn’t know how to do anything at all. I was horrified by that. I couldn’t date anybody, because I was so damaged. I have my background, my history–I could never get through the third date with that. “Tell me about your family. Tell me about your past.” You know? It was like a deal-breaker by the third date, because it was just too much for one person to go through and remain sane. So I felt already ruined. And then, on top of that, I was now sober for the first time, so–

DS: How did you get over the problems of dating? Just by being sober-?

AB: Well, no [nervous laugh], what happened is I got sober, I was sober for about a year and a half, and then I relapsed. I relapsed in just a huge way–

DS: Which is what one tends to do.

AB: Yes. I was much worse than I ever had been. First of all, when I got sober, that’s when I started to write. I had this just manic energy; if I went downstairs to get cigarettes–I smoked at that time– I would be gone ten minutes, and I would spend the next four hours writing about it, just the tiniest detail, everything. Everything I did, I wrote about. I was working, so I would email the document to myself, pick it up at work and keep on writing. It was like a security blanket. Everything I had was this stupid journal. When I relapsed, I stopped writing completely, and I started drinking and doing drugs I had never done before.

DS: As happens.

AB: Yeah, as happens, and I got to the point where I started to develop really serious physical symptoms. I began hallucinating; I had cardiac symptoms, and I got alcohol poisoning–and I knew that I’d end up having a heart attack. My heart started beating very irregularly and then stopping and starting–

DS: I know that feeling.

AB: I knew, this is how you die. This is it. I always wondered, how do you die from alcohol? They always say it’s a terminal illness, but assuming you don’t drive, how do you actually die? Well, now I was starting to see how. My system was shot, you could see my liver outlined in the mirror when I stood up, and I was a real mess, and–

DS: You saw all this, but how long did it take before you started saying, ‘I need to stop’?

AB: What happened is I got alcohol poisoning; I began hallucinating spiders on my ceiling. I went up and Googled ‘spiders, alcohol’ and saw that that was a symptom of late-stage alcoholism, when it’s chronic. People in the very last stages of their alcoholism, of their illness, often hallucinate spiders; it’s a common hallucination. And it freaked me out. I developed hives, I was shaking and I was more physically sick than I’ve ever been in my life.

DS: Gin blossoms kind of stuff.

AB: And I remember it took me maybe four or five hours to get the strength, the physical strength to go downstairs to get a six-pack of hard cider. Brought it back up to the apartment and downed a couple of them, just really fast. That took the edge off. Then over the next forty-eight hours, I drank the rest of that six-pack–not to get a buzz, but to detox. I was working my way through withdrawal in a very unhealthy way; I mean, you should never do that. But that’s what I was doing, and so, it was shortly after that that I woke up one morning and I was drinking again. But I was not drinking quite as much. I woke up one morning hung over, and I sat down and I wrote something. It was two pages and it made laugh, and I hadn’t laughed for years at that point, and that turned out to be the first couple pages of my first book, which was Sellevision. It’s a novel about the home shopping world, that whole world–and, I didn’t know what I had written. But it amused me, so I kept on writing, and I wrote until very late that night. And I drank a little bit less. And the same thing the next day. Again, I had no idea what I was doing or where it was coming from, but by the seventh day, I was not drinking at all.

[food arrives]

AB: Because the drinking just got in the way of this writing that I was doing, and I knew I wasn’t writing the next great work, but it was–

DS: You were proud of it.

AB: It was something. I’d never written anything beyond an ad, you know, that was long, and so by the seventh day I had finished the book. I didn’t know if it was a good book or a bad book, but I’d finished the book. And that’s really when my life changed. That’s when I decided, I’m going to do this the rest of my life. I’m gonna be a writer, I’ve just finished writing a book. Now, it may be a piece of shit, but that doesn’t matter, it’s 150 pages, and they’re in order–

DS: That accomplishment is so difficult.

AB: Yes, exactly. I began reading at 24. I had never read before that. Once I started reading, I didn’t want to do anything else. But I could never understand how do you keep a whole book in your head. How does an author do that? How do you get a book–I mean, it’s 250 pages, and yet it resides in your head! Where? How? By writing my book, I saw firsthand how it happens; for me, it was totally subconscious, automatic–it was like watching a movie. My fingers did the work–I was fully unaware; I didn’t think about structure, or characters…I stared at the space between the screen and the keyboard like I was in a trance.

DS: That gives you some amount of respect for people who write a book of crap, but yet write a book.

AB: Yeah. Any book is an accomplishment.

DS: It’s like, you can have the talent, but if you don’t have that discipline to actually carry it through, the talent’s wasted.

AB: Exactly–I had never had that discipline, and I didn’t know where it came from. But once I did it, I knew I could do it again and again, and by the time I was 40 or 50, or in my 60s, if I kept doing this, if I kept writing a book every–not every seven days, but a month or two months, or even a year, eventually in my 40s or 50s or 60s, I would have written something that was publishable. And–

DS: How did you get the discipline?

AB: It was not so much discipline as I realized, this is me. This is what I’m going to do. This is it. It was an epiphany of, “I’m home.” I’m–what am I doing? I’ve wasted my life. I need this–writing felt better than anything had ever felt. It felt better than any drug, and it felt better than any relationship. So that really changed a lot about me. Just the experience of having written it made me not care so much what other people thought. I then went out and tried to get an agent, and I did get an agent, and he did sell the book. And he sold it for no money, but it was sold. And that’s when everything really changed in my life. I became much more confident with just–just being, you know, just me, just myself. I didn’t feel as damaged–

DS: You were sober at the time?

AB: Yeah, I was sober at the time.

DS: And you couldn’t have probably done all this without being sober.

AB: Never. Oh no. No, nothing. I never wrote a word when I was a drunk. Never. Never wrote a word–very few, very few. And after I sold Sellevision, I didn’t have another idea for a novel, but I did have this journal that I’d written when I got sober. So I gave it to my agent, who asked, “Why didn’t you show me this first?” And my publisher bought it, and that’s Dry. And then after they bought Dry, which was my journal–it was like selling someone my used tissues–I thought my God! well if you guys like that, I should tell you, I had a really fucked-up childhood. And they said, “Really? What happened?” And I said, “Well, here.” And I sat down in half an hour and I wrote a proposal for it and emailed it in, and that was Running with Scissors, and they bought that, and I had to go away and write it.

On the Turcottes and his mother

DS: Did you read the Vanity Fair interview with the Turcottes?

AB: Believe it or not–I didn’t read it, no. I heard about it.

DS: You just don’t have an interest?

AB: How can I explain it so it makes sense? I don’t want to see that family anymore. I don’t need to see–whatever they said, it doesn’t matter to me. Because what I wrote is the truth. So I don’t need to hear them yammering on about whatever it is that–

DS: A debate that is not a debate.

AB: It’s not. I mean, you know what, the world is–

DS: It’s like Holocaust denial.

AB: The world is not flat. You may not like it. You don’t have to believe it, you don’t have to like it, you don’t have to think it’s polite, but it’s true. You know, I may be an asshole for having written that book because I’m telling family secrets, maybe that makes me an asshole, but I’m not a liar.

DS: Do you think the memoirist has a responsibility to inform people that they’re writing about that they’re writing about them?

AB: No. I changed them in the book. I changed the house, and I changed the location. You can’t read the book and find the house, and people have tried. People have tried. And they’re always wrong. I had people emailing me, maybe about seven, from the area trying to guess. “I know exactly who this is.” It was funny because they weren’t right. It was not that person that they thought it was–I changed their physical description. So I think if you’re going to write about people on something that’s potentially upsetting, you have a moral obligation to at least give them privacy. Which is what I did. I changed their name, I mean, we wouldn’t have known them if they hadn’t announced to the world who they were. They became public not because–they apparently had said in some magazine that I revealed their name. But I actually never did. I’ve never uttered their name in an interview. It’s been put in my mouth. But I’ve never uttered their name.
AB: So I didn’t read that. I don’t read interviews with me, because…I don’t know why. It makes me uncomfortable. I’m not really sure why. Partly because if something’s wrong, I can’t do a thing about it. So I don’t want to have to obsess over it.

DS: Although you could with this.

AB: [Laughs] Well, right. So I don’t know why I don’t. I didn’t read that, it was just–you know, it was an upsetting thing to have happen; the lawsuit was upsetting, and I think for me it was most upsetting because of the media glomming onto it and thinking, ‘Well of course, it’s because of James Frey!’ Just associating with that whole thing…

DS: Did you listen to the NPR interview with your mom?

AB: I heard about it. I didn’t hear it. But my mother–I’ll tell you something funny. The first thing my mother said to me– it was an email. I haven’t been in contact with her now for years. But right after or before Running with Scissors came out I told her there’s a book coming out, and my mother said to me, “What will I tell my media??” My mother–and so, it’s not surprising–

DS: She’s still in that ‘I’m Anne Sexton’ thinking?

AB: Absolutely. My mother believes that she’s Grace Paley. My mother believes that she’s the most famous woman in the world, or should be–the most famous poet.

DS: It’s ironic that the notoriety she’s received has been via you; do you think that in some ways she likes it?

AB: Oh, I know she likes it. Oh, absolutely.

DS: There’s no such thing as bad publicity.

AB: Right. My mother could get published tomorrow now if she wanted to. You know? I love my mother because she’s my mother, but I don’t like her. I don’t like the woman. And I don’t want to have anything to do with her, and I don’t consider her a mother–she’s the woman who gave birth to me, but she’s not a mother in the sense of mothering a child. I was watching Annette Benning on the set of the movie Running with Scissors with her daughter. We were sitting around talking and Annette was telling a story to the crew. I watched her daughter reach up and grab Annette’s earlobe, and then Annette just–without stopping, without breaking the conversation, she bent forward so that her daughter could kiss her. And it was the most natural thing in the world. When I saw that, I knew–Annette may very well have a staff of twelve for all I know, but she’s changed every diaper on that girl. I knew she had changed every diaper on her daughter. Because there was an intimacy. The daughter was not filled with this desperate need. She had full access to her mother. And if she happened to want, in the middle of her mother’s story, to have a kiss, it was a given that her mother would acknowledge that need.

DS: Make that time.

AB: My mother was not like that. My mother was absolutely focused on her, on her writing–she shouldn’t ever have had kids, she should have probably focused on her writing. I mean, I’m glad she had children. It’s hard to blame, too, because she was ill. My mother was ill. She had mental illness that was not treated correctly; it was exacerbated by the treatment of this ridiculously unqualified doctor.

DS: Intellectually, that’s nice, but I mean, in the end —

AB: Well, I don’t have anything to do with her. You know, in the end.

DS: — it’s still your experience too, and what you went through. It’s almost like someone who pleads the insanity defense. You can’t really blame them. But they still killed your mom, raped your sister or whatever.

AB: Right, but they still did–yeah, exactly. And she still let a lot of things happen that I find–that I would never let happen to my child. She still allowed a lot to happen that is terrible. So when she goes for her publicity, I just have to laugh it off. You know there’s–

DS: She takes credit for your writing career.

AB: Yeah, you know that’s the kind of thing she would do. You know, when really–

DS: Does that bother you at all?

AB: It–you know, it doesn’t really bother me, no, because what she says doesn’t bother me. My mother has said such outrageous–and this is a woman who used to eat cigarette-butt-and-peanut-butter sandwiches, so she’s not the most reliable person. I can’t value her opinions. My mother’s going to say whatever–she’s a wild card; she’s gonna say whatever she says.
My brother was more of an influence on me in many respects, in terms of being a writer, because he’s such a wonderful storyteller. He would go away and come back with just outlandish stories. I think I loved watching those stories.
But my mother, to her credit, she always did encourage me to write. So she did–she definitely played a part, I think, in getting me to write.

DS: Elizabeth Berg writes a lot about parental and domestic relationships. Do you think that you’re dealing with latent issues with your mom through your love of Berg?

AB: What I love about Elizabeth Berg is that, if she were a man, she’d be John Cheever–she’d have that sort of level of critical respect. She’s never written a false word. I love the humanity and the absolute emotional truth of an Elizabeth Berg book. I defy the most cynical reader to read an Elizabeth Berg book and not be able to then say that it is emotionally true. It rings true. Now, it may not be the world that you’re at all interested in, because it’s very domestic, and it’s often Midwestern, or at least if not Midwestern geographically, emotionally Midwestern. It’s centered around relationships and moms and husbands and wives having problems. So yeah. Probably there is an element of finding comfort in that.
But it’s also just the prose; I just find it beautiful, the simplicity of it. It’s just very beautiful.

DS: In the Vanity Fair article Teresa said that she had come down to New York to visit you with her kids–

AB: Right, right, yep.

DS: And that you were saying that you want to marry her, how great she is, what a kind person she is…

AB: Right before Running with Scissors was published, I was thinking about her, and I thought, “She is going to love this book.” I remember feeling really excited because I thought, “She is going to be blown away.” That period of growing up together was a very pivotal and central aspect to both of our lives, hers and mine, and we shared it together. And I thought, “Man, when she reads this she is”–

DS: She’s really going to be there with you.

AB: Yes. She’s going to be like, “Oh, my God, I can’t believe you remembered this. I had forgotten about that. Oh, my God–” I thought, she’s gonna be so blown away that I remembered so much and brought it all back; I felt like I was giving her our childhood again. So when the lawsuit occurred, it took me by absolute surprise. To find out she was involved in it, I was shocked, and then I was disgusted. I was just blankly disgusted, because it reeked to me of just greed. It had, you know–

DS: Do you think that’s what it was, the motivation?

AB: I’ve learned never to try to put a word on them. I don’t know what the fuck it was about. Did I say one thing in there that really hurt her? I didn’t mean to, but obviously, I guess I did, you know? Was it about the money–did they think they could get a lot of money? I’ll never know the answer to that, and I don’t even want to know, now.
It’s unfortunate, it’s unfortunate, but I’m not at all sorry that I wrote it. And you know, the suit settled– it settled in my favor. I didn’t change a word of the memoir, not one word of it. It’s still a memoir, it’s marketed as a memoir, they’ve agreed one hundred percent that it is a memoir. You know, the only thing I–

DS: They got what they wanted apparently from settling with Sony?

AB: Yeah, right. There you go, exactly I mean, if it was not about money, and it was about, you know–

DS: Setting the record straight?

AB: Yeah. Then they didn’t do a very good job of showing that. I’m just really glad that it’s over, and I know I’m not vindicated. A lot of people are still like, how did that resolve? I feel vindicated, because of the way that it settled. They couldn’t have done anything else. They never could have won. We had such an incredibly strong case. I mean, the lawyers worked like hell and got witnesses, and I had my journals–I mean, it’s–there were a lot of other people around back then, you know?

DS: Yeah.

AB: Who saw. And who experienced. So, it was crazy–the whole thing seemed crazy to me to begin with.

On his work

DS: Do you read reviews of your work, and commentary on it?

AB: Some of them, not all of them. Some of them.

DS: Did it ever bother you if you came across somebody using the Twelve Steps in a review of your work?

AB: I don’t know if I’ve seen that. What do you mean?

DS: I mean comparing the things you did with your writing and comparing them to how they conform to the principles in the Twelve Steps. It happened with Frey too, where all of a sudden you had these alcoholics coming out and saying, “Oh, this is such a typical alcoholic, doing this or doing that. It’s not very Step Eight,” or whatever… You never came across that?

AB: No, I didn’t care about that kind of thing. You know, Dry is not a terribly structured book. I mean, it is what it is. It’s what happened when I stopped drinking. I’m the first to admit that right before it came out, I was horrified. I thought, you know, my God, what am I doing? The world doesn’t need another alcoholic book. It’s already been done by so many authors before me…

DS: Do you still feel that way?

AB: Well, no, I think that–

DS: That’s the ‘nothing’s original’ thing, isn’t it?

AB: Yeah, I think everybody is different, and my book’s different because it’s me. There are some things about it, I think, that are funny–you know, I’m not the most objective person when it comes to my own work.

DS: Do you know anyone who is?

AB: Actually, I do. My friend Haven Kimmel, the writer, has a mind like a finely tuned laser. She has perspective. I don’t have that ability to step back like that.

On the response to his work from addicts

DS: How does it feel to be a hero to addicts?

AB: You know what? I just want addicts to stop. I want addicts to do whatever it takes. If it takes thinking of me as a hero, fine. If it takes thinking I’m a jerk, fine. If my book makes someone look at themselves, or look at their lives, then that’s what I want. I know that I am absolutely happy in my life. I’m pretty happy, and I’ve certainly accomplished a lot, and I accomplished everything because I don’t drink. That’s the only variable. Nothing else in my life changed except I stopped drinking and taking drugs. You have to replace alcohol or drugs or sex, or food, whatever the drug is, with something else. You have to replace it–

DS: You replaced it with writing?

AB: Yeah. With introspection, reporting on what I find inside. And it feels very much like a drug, in the sense that it’s–I binge. I don’t write four hours a day, and then do lunch, and then call friends and return emails–I don’t have that sense of structure. I tend to wait too long, and then I tend to work for 15 hours, 18 hours, 48 hours straight. I tend to do just like I drank. You know, binging.

Augusten Burroughs and David Shankbone.

DS: Have you ever had an alcoholic write you and ask you to be their sponsor?

AB: I have not had someone ask me to be their sponsor, no, but I’ve had some amazing letters. I had a homeless guy in a big city write me and tell me that he shoplifted my book from a Barnes & Noble. He only intellectually shoplifted it. He sat on the sofa and read it. And he said that he had never read a book about recovery that hit him with the force that Dry hit him. He realized, “My God! I’m 50. I’m young.” And he checked into the same treatment program that I myself went to and got sober. I mean, that to me was just–I–it blew the top of my head off. So I’ve had things like that happen, but I’ve not actually had anybody ask if I would be their sponsor.

DS: When people write to you, and they say they relate to your work, what element do they say they responded to–your upbringing, your relationship with your mother, your contending with alcoholism? You write on such a variety of topics–

AB: It so varies, yeah, it’s all so much.

DS: Is there a theme that seems to resonate most with people in your life?

AB: Well, certainly being raised in a very untraditional and chaotic childhood. And addiction; also being single and dating in the city. I mean, there are so many. Probably the two are having a crazy childhood or a chaotic childhood or being sort of abandoned by parents; and drug abuse or alcoholism. I hear from a lot of alcoholics. It’s interesting to me because I’ve heard from a lot of famous people–whose names you would absolutely know, and politicians, whose names you know, anyone in America would know–soccer moms–and working dads, and–

DS: George W. Bush?

AB: [laughs] And . . . straight and gay, just a whole range of people. And the thing that is so amazing to me is how absolutely dead similar they all are. You know? I mean, it’s shocking.

On belief in a higher power

DS: Do you believe in a higher power?

AB: I wouldn’t say that I believe in one. I don’t know. I don’t know if there’s an organizing principle to the universe, or if there’s a sentient being that is the architect of everything–you know, everything being the “observable-and-beyond” universe. I don’t know. I would like to know. I would like to know–I don’t believe in any God that has been described by man in any way. I certainly don’t believe in the Islamic or the Jewish or the Christian God. I don’t believe a word of the Bible, I don’t believe a word of any organized religion and I don’t have any firm belief whatsoever, other than I don’t know. I can’t say that I don’t believe, because I really don’t know. I would love to know.

DS: Did you ever come close to believing?

AB: Yeah. Oh, yeah. Oh, yeah, I have. As a child, I was very–I would almost say religious, as a child. I prayed constantly, obsessively even. So I was very, very, very religious as a child, or spiritual as a child. And I went through another burst of spirituality, I think, when I got sober.

DS: Through a program?

AB: Yeah, yeah. Yeah.

DS: Did it feel false to you?

AB: You know, it was funny, because I was able to really go with it and suspend–

[dishes are removed from table]

I was able to just go with it and just–pretend–I acted as if, and it just totally worked.

DS: Which I think a lot of people do.

AB: Mmm-hmmm. And that’s the thing, I mean if you–

DS: ‘Fake it ’til you make it.’

AB: Yeah, yeah, and I mean, now I’m making it, and I don’t really have to fake it.

DS: What was your higher power, then?

AB: I used to visualize–it’s ridiculous, it’s ridiculous. But I just visualized a cartoon Jesus in the sky with a pet cow —

DS: [chuckles]

AB: The baby Jesus, you know, like–that’s what I visualized–just a very cartoon version of Jesus, plucked from the manger with a pet cow.

DS: Sounds like something–that it would be great if one of your fans drew for you.

AB: Yeah, that would be great. I wish they would.

DS: [chuckles]

AB: And now I’m going to get a stack–

DS: A swarm of cows and cartoon Jesuses. You’ll have to start a collection.

AB: I’m going to get a stack of them.
I would like to be a physicist. I would like to find out–because that’s the question that physics seeks to answer, ultimately.

DS: When did you lose it, though? When did you lose the belief in the higher power?

AB: I couldn’t–it’s very diff–It wasn’t even that much of an existential crisis. It was much more like, um, it’s just hard for me to believe–

DS: I meant more so in recovery, when you said to yourself, ‘I’m just not getting the higher power thing’, or, ‘I just have to give up on the cartoon Jesus.’

AB: It sort of faded away, I think. It sort of faded away.

DS: Once you were stronger.

AB: Yeah. It’s difficult for me to believe in something when I don’t; when I don’t have evidence. Now, that’s obviously the point of faith. Faith is not meant to be logical: faith is meant to be. The argument for faith is it’s meant to be a higher form of human functioning. We don’t use our base intellect, that we’re supposed to go beyond that. And…and… what more proof do you need? I mean, someone would say, what proof do you need? My God, the glass is not elevating off the table–there’s your proof. Gravity! You know? And maybe that’s true. It very well may be true. It may be true.
I certainly know that–that if there is God, that God does not care that the person I watch TV with also has hairy arms. I mean, that’s a ridic–the idea that a God would not like homosexuals, now, is patently absurd. That doesn’t even begin to become logical in any way. The idea that the architect of gravity, the being that created the ability for elemental particles that are absolutely nothing to come together and create living organisms and bricks and buildings and cars and jets–the architect of absolutely everything would care–the sex of the person the little human loves? It’s a pitiful thought. It’s pitiful.

DS: It’s a very small thought.

AB: It’s an absolutely, profoundly small thought. And there’s no way it’s true.

On the gay community

DS: What are your feelings about the gay community? Do you feel part of it?

[Waiter stops by]

AB: No, I’ve never really felt like part of the gay community. I never questioned my sexual orientation. I didn’t go to school, so I didn’t have that high school indoctrination. I was raised without a formal religion. When I was religious as a child, it was on my own. I was the one asking the questions, and I was the one believing in Jesus. It wasn’t because I went to church. If we went to church, it was because I wanted to go. So I never had that indoctrination to believe it was wrong, and then I was plunged into such extraordinary living, uh, circumstances, that my–and I then had to think about my very survival and my very sanity–that sexual orientation just was–I didn’t even think about it. It was just like totally on the back burner. And as a result of that, it was never really an issue.

DS: You had bigger issues to–

AB: Yeah. I think of it as I’m right-handed. I’m right-handed and attracted to men. To me, it’s the same thing. I’m not “proud” of it, because it’s not an accomplishment. It’s like being–

DS: I always found the idea of pride–I mean, I understand the genesis of it.

AB: Yes.

DS: I do understand where it came from. But now when I hear it, it sounds like such an anachronism. It’s like–

AB: Well, we needed it originally, so that we could–

DS: “I proudly serve Starbucks coffee.” The word “pride” is so bandied about in so many venues, and it’s like, what do you mean, you “proudly” serve Starbucks coffee? What do you mean that you’re “proud” about being gay, or —

AB: Right. Where’s your personal accomplishment? Here’s the thing: I would be proud if I had been raised Evangelical Christian, and I had been taught from birth that it was wrong, and against the backdrop of that history, I was gay.

DS: You accepted yourself–

AB: Then, I would be proud.

DS: Yeah. I can understand that.

AB: That’s the difference. It was handed to me basically on a silver platter that was stuffed with mental illness–that’s not a good metaphor, I mean it was–

DS: [Laughs] That’s great…

AB: I never dealt with it. It was never an issue. I had so many other more life-critical issues to deal with that it was never something I thought about. And therefore I never worked for it. I never had to struggle to be gay. It was the easiest thing, it was just like writing with my right hand. So I’m not entitled to really be proud, but if I had to fight for it, I would be. And I think that’s the difference–

On his new book, A Wolf at the Table, a memoir about his father

DS: How did you teach yourself to write about difficult things in your life with such humor?

AB: Well, there was no teaching involved with that. That’s just the way that I wrote about myself.

DS: But originally you didn’t, right? I heard an interview where you said you started writing something and you were like, ‘Oh, God, this is just so depressing’–

AB: Oh, well–

DS: And then you put it away, and decided that you were going to write something funny, which I think was Sellevision?

AB: Yeah, I didn’t probably explain that well–no, no, that wasn’t Sellevision. That was when I was working on Running with Scissors, when I sat down to begin writing it. I began writing the book with a scene that was me and Bookman in a cornfield kissing, and it was so depressing to go back there and remember that. It just felt so ugly that I thought, no, this–I can’t do this. I’ve got to start with something funnier. So I started with a funnier scene from the book, and I focused on the parts of my life that to me, were fun and funny and wild. So, that was really about that specifically. The humor has always been such a part of my survival mechanism; that it was really organic to the writing. It was just sort of one step back and removed and then, judging or commenting on, is something I do when I’m in a horrible situation. I distance myself from my life this way, so that I can get through it. So that’s really where the humor comes from. My next book, which is a memoir about my father, is not funny at all. It’s deadly serious. And it’s, um, just devastating.

DS: Did you make a choice–

AB: I made a deliberate choice with that book, yeah.

DS: Why was the choice made?

AB: Because it was the only way I could write that book, and I had to write that book.

DS: Did you try to write it funny at first?

AB: I was terrified–no. And I know this may turn a lot of people off. Because there are going to be people who approach this book with a smile on their face–

DS: ‘Oh, another Burroughs!’

AB: And as soon as they hear the title, A Wolf at the Table, they’ll already chuckle. And then as they read it, they’ll think, “Well, my God, he’s lost it. This isn’t funny!” And then the more they read, they’ll realize: this is just horrible. I mean, it’s just a devastating, terrifying story. But I had to write it for me–and, um, I mean, it’s, it’s definitely scary, because it’s–I don’t, you know, I don’t want to alienate my readers, or my fans, but you know, I can’t think about that.

DS: No.

AB: I can’t…I can’t write books to sell.

DS: But also, too, your fans should realize that you’re not one-dimensional.

AB: Right.

DS: With your writing, that you don’t have a–

AB: Well, that’s the other thing.

DS: It’s like, “Oh, we wanna see Data from ‘Star Trek’ be Data; we don’t want to see him in his full range of emotions,” you know–

AB: I don’t want to be just funny, or just sarcastic, because you know I am–

DS: Versatile.

AB: I’m very serious–that’s the weird thing; in person, I’m very serious. I’m not so funny. I’m, like, as funny as your dentist. So, this book is…is–it’s another side of me.

DS: Why do you think you are so serious in person?

AB: Well, I get a lot of it out in the books. I used to be funnier, which is funny, ironic.

DS: Is it like a purpose-ness? That you’re very purpose-driven now, or–?

AB: It’s not that I’m purpose-driven; I’ve always been serious. I’ve always been really, really serious. I’ve always been very introspective and introverted, and–

DS: Do you and Dennis yuk it up at home?

AB: Some, yeah. He’s on the serious side, too. [Laughs] It’s like–whoo! what a fun time–no, we do have fun, we do laugh. We have a very similar sense of humor, very dark It’s not to say that I’m always deadly serious; it’s that I’m not a person always “on” you know, in that funny way.

DS: How can anyone–

AB: You know? I like being able to just– I like that this book is going to show another side.

On women’s breasts and tattoos

DS: What’s your favorite curse word?

AB: My favorite curse word? Let me think about that . . . . I like “cunt.”

DS: [Chuckles] That’s always the one that–

AB: It seems to offend so many people still.

DS: It does.

AB: There’s something about it I like, or–

DS: It’s a cutting word. Do you have a favorite euphemism for women’s breasts?

AB: Oh yeah, let’s see…what do I call them…? I like the old-fashioned words for breasts, like “boobies.” I like “boobies,” um “girls,” “my girls” or “your girls”; I like the idea of naming breasts, like “Jen” and “Stacy.” I think every girl should name each breast. “Stacy hangs a little lower”; “Stacy needs a tuck, but Beth doesn’t.”

DS: [Chuckles] What would you name your breasts?

AB: I would name them–“Regina” and “Claire.”

DS: Would Claire be the bigger one?

AB: I’m glad I don’t have them–actually, if I had them, I would have them sawed off. I wouldn’t be able to stand it.

DS: [Laughs] Really?

AB: Yeah, I’d be like, “Chop these fucking things off.”

DS: You’re not like most gay men who have a fascination with breasts?

AB: I would want them gone. They look uncomfortable.

DS: Do you like them on other people?

AB: Yeah, I do.

DS: Do you have a breast fetish?

AB: No, because you know what, I saw this picture of this woman who had breast cancer, and she had a radical mastectomy, and she had these massive scars, and then she had them tattooed. And I thought that it looked soooo cool. She looked great and she was in shape. And I thought it would make me want breast cancer if I’d seen that picture; I would have thought, “I want it!”

DS: My sister has stretch marks on her stomach that she’s really self-conscious about–

AB: Tattoo it.

DS: We’ve been talking about that!

AB: It’s a good look.

DS: I had suggested to her tattooing a band of stars across it, that–

AB: Oh, what a great idea!

DS: Yeah, like where it starts out small, and goes like bigger over the marks?

AB: Yes. Yep. That’s a beautiful idea.

DS: And she was all for it. We were going to take her to my tattoo guy, over here on First Avenue–

AB: Such a good idea.

DS: And she all of a sudden has been like, “Mmmmm, I don’t really know.” And she’s like, “Maybe I’m going to get a belly button ring.” But that’s going to highlight it!

AB: Yeah. Not the thing to do.

DS: No! So–

AB: Get her drunk and get her tattooed.

DS: [Laughs] I should–it would only take one drink with her.

AB: I think it’d be cool to have razor stubble tattooed here on my head, so that it’d look like I have really thick hair, but choose to have it very short.

On losing his hair

DS: Was it difficult losing your hair?

AB: It was funny, because I’ve always been really good–I’m not–I’m not someone who goes into denial a whole lot. Even though I was a big lush, I knew it. I’m really honest with myself. And when my hair cutter told me, “Oh, you’re losing your hair,” I said, “Oh, no, I’m not. I’ve always had a high peak.” Then I went home and looked at it, and I saw that I was really losing it. And I was horrified. It was my–it mattered too much. And so I deserved to lose it.

DS: It’s really hard.

AB: It is hard. Women don’t–it’s like losing your breasts. Imagine if your breasts shrank up and shriveled away to cork nubs. I mean, it would really be–it’s traumatic, it is.

DS: I freaked out on my mom one time because she made a joke about it. I went overboard, I just freaked out. This was years ago, when it was just first starting to go a little bit. But I also always had a high peak, always.

AB: Right.

DS: As a matter of fact, people made fun of me about it in my Georgia high school.

AB: That is something that people would make fun of you about in a Georgia high school.

DS: Yeah. [In a southern accent] “Sportin’ a pretty big forehead, there, Day-vid.”

AB: Yeah, yeah.

DS: I freaked out. “You don’t know what it’s like! You don’t have any idea!” It was Christmas. But a person has to get to a point where he accepts it.

AB: You do.

DS: Like when you see guys who try all these creative styles to–

AB: Yeah.

DS: You know, pushing all their hair forward, when it’s really–

AB: Not good.

DS: You know, and you think–

AB: You need to let it go.

DS: Let it go. It makes it seem like they have trouble dealing with things.

AB: Oh, yeah!

DS: There’s wider implications.

AB: Hair becomes your psychological issue, you know?

DS: Or reflection of psychological issues.

AB: Exactly. Yeah, exactly. It’s the externalization of your denial. Better just to chop it off, although, you know, I have to say…

DS: Yeah. You look very nice, without…

AB: Oh, thank you. I’ve been toying lately with getting a really good hairpiece, like a beautiful quality lace-front, but I would wear it on Tuesday, but not Wednesday, do you know what I mean?

DS: Yeah, yeah.

AB: Because some–why not–

DS: Like a hat.

AB: Exactly, exactly. That’s what I’d call it–my hair hat. Like one day, you have Brad Pitt hair, but then the next you have no hair.

DS: Wouldn’t it be great if you were Jewish, and you could have a yarmulke with a hairpiece underneath it?

AB: Yes.

DS: Or, or you wore a hairpiece as a yarmulke.

AB: Well, I have like a flesh yarmulke–my balding pattern’s become like a little–

DS: But you have one of those really great heads that are conducive to having a shaved head. Like sometimes you see guys, and you’re like, “Oh, you don’t really have the head for having a shaved head,” you know?

AB: Yeah, they have no option.

DS: Misshapen heads…

AB: Well, you do, too. You look good like that.

DS: Thank you, thank God. I was told that by my sister, and I was like, “Oh, thank God,” And she’s very honest with me.

AB: Thank God.

DS: And I said, “Thank God,” because I don’t really have a choice?

AB: You have a square jaw; that’s why–

DS: Well, this is why I also do the scruff here, because I’m losing my hair. It’s completely like…

AB: Yeah. It happens. Gotta have it somewhere.

DS: I used to think that beards were a form of male self-mutilation. Now, if I don’t do it I feel like I look like Norman Mailer or something.

AB: Ugh.

DS: Do you have nightmares?

AB: I used to, I used to. And you know what, usually they’re about being back in the house, from Running with Scissors, and I’m in the front TV/sitting room. And I look down at myself, and I think, “Oh my God, what am I doing in this place? I’ve got to get out of here before I get sucked back in. They’re going to see me here, and I’m going to get sucked back into this family. I’ve got to get out of here.” I’ve had that recurring nightmare.
I’ve had some nightmares about my father hunting me in the woods– some old dreams from childhood–I mean, my father used to do that, when I was very little. So I have those. But very, very infrequently now.

Sources

Wikinews
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Wikinews
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May 4, 2007

Taliban resurgent in Pakistan on enforcement of Sharia law

Taliban resurgent in Pakistan on enforcement of Sharia law

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Friday, May 4, 2007

Map showing NWFP and FATA.png

“Pakistan was un-affected by Talibans and al-Qaeda (in my opinion) until the US flushed them out of Afghanistan. So 9/11 and WTC and the post WTC attacks by the ISAF (read American, for the locals) forces have led to the present condition in NWFP. At least that is the way the people there see it,” wrote Riaz A Hakeem in one of a series of email exchanges with Wikinews.

Mr. Hakeem, 58, left the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) at the age of 25 and became a naturalized citizen of the U.S. Now a businessman who is active in Texas politics, he shares some views as a person who is in touch with his family and friends who remain in the region. He travelled throughout portions of Pakistan at the end of last year.

What is the current situation in the NWFP?

The Pashtun people are or were renowned for their hospitality. Many westerners commented on it. Some with suspicion NOT willing to believe some people so poor could be so generous. It was almost a character flaw. One could travel without fear of personal danger as long as you followed local protocols.

That was the sort of mind set among the people. An ageless paradigm of self satisfaction: this is enshrined in the code of the Pashtuns way of life.

The Islamic radicalism is in reality nothing but the Taliban movement. Not all Pashtuns are Taliban (obviously), but most Taliban are Pashtun. Of these, most belong to the FATA. Of these, most were affected by their cousins from Afghanistan coming over. Mingled with them were Arab-Afghans, Uzbeks and some Tajiks and even Chechens. Some of these married within the tribes and formed a bond with the locals. Marriage bonds go back in history.

This Talibanization shows itself in the content of the Friday sermons at the mosque. Now it shows in the popularity of growing beards, especially since the MMA – the coalition of religious political party’s – won power. More recently in their showdown with the Pakistan army in North and South Waziristan – where according to my sources, people prefer going to the Taliban for justice rather than the older system of Maliks and Political Agents. The latter are known as corrupt. In Pakistan, in general, people are sick of the amount of corruption.

Bannu, from where hails the Chief Minister of the NWFP, Mr. Durrani, is now in Taliban control in the sense that there is a parallel government that they have established which is functioning quite well and is popular among the people.

Has Taliban influence caused a stricter intrepretation of Sharia law in the NWFP?

Yes. The Maliks, or tribal elders, consider themselves quite conservatively religious. Even so, they had a laid back attitude towards enforcement of religious doctrine.

The Taliban emulated the Saudi system of having a department concerned with citizens’ morals (even the name is the same: the department for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice) and this department has, as in Saudi Arabia, an enforcement police, called mutawwa’in, a morals law-enforcement agency.

Is there a shift from tribal elders to clerics, as the main interpreters of law?

There has been a movement in that direction, but it has started a power struggle between the clerics who traditionally have been at the lowest strata of the social structure. Now when they have seen a bigger role for themselves, first from the Taliban in Afghanistan – but also the government of the MMA in the NWFP, who are nothing more than glorified clerics themselves, only a little smarter in exploiting religion politically.

The MMA is largely non-Pashtun, which is a source of discontent in that they stand in the way of Pashtun nationalism, such as it is, because it only rears its head when non-Pashtuns start to usurp power over what the Pashtun consider their turf.

The deal made between Pakistan’s central government and the North and South Waziristan provinces, where tribal leadership was given the pivotal role in dealing with militants, has been criticized as a failure. What caused this initiative to fail?

First off, I don’t agree with the premise of the question, that the “deal” is a “failure” – for the following reasons:

  1. In the first place the Pakistan army (govt – same difference) did not have many options. This was the least worst option they had.
  2. And most importantly, I have said this before, this area is literally in a time warp – which means they proceed at (what seems to us in the west) a glacial pace. I will give an example from the folklore:

    The story goes that a Pashtun had to repay (badal) an enemy for a crime against his family and he waited patiently for 20 years (some say 50 years), after this time, he exacted his revenge – but soon after was depressed because he wondered “Did I act too hastily?”

    So one part of Pashtunwali is to “pay back” – (Badal: literally to exchange) which most people translate as revenge. Yes that is the form that is most visible, but badal is also played out in the exchange of gifts at wedding and other celebrations, and in the exchange of favors like in politics. The rules can be arcane, unwritten and hard to follow — who did what to whom, when, and so on, and what is the proper recompense — this same give and take would occur in a peace process pursued by the Tribal Maliks, who rule by consensus. There is no actual leader in the western sense, because all the Maliks, in fact all the others are de facto, so many co-equals is a mind set, a paradigm foreign to the uninitiated, as the concept of consensual gay sex is to the Wazir in Waziristan.

  3. The agreement has not failed, because it has not been given enough time, in Wazir time reference, not American time presidential election cycle controlled. I do not have a crystal ball, but if I did, I would see NATO troops in Afghanistan long after Iraq is over. Afghanistan can be a success ONLY if we accept one thing, the time warp these people live in — by my reckoning its still 1700 CE over there.

Is the Talibanization of Pakistan partly due to a perception of corruption among the system of Maliks and Political Agents?

The corruption is in the ISI, the Pak army and the Pak system of Political Agents (PA) assigned to these tribal zones (FATA & PATA).

These PA have budgets that are much like the CIA in that they are a single line item in the national budget, there is no accountability of where or how the PA spends the money. If one followed the IRS rules and looked at the lifestyles of the PA and compared them with their income, you would soon understand what was going on.

Musharraf critics are a larger issue. Republicans have coddled Pakistan with the belief that “as long as they are pro America” then democracy in Pakistan will come in due course. Democrats have, I think, insisted Democracy first, and then we can discuss the other issues later.

The Talibanization of Pakistan has more to do with graduates of “Raiwind”, a place near Lahore, where the “Tablighi Jamaat” conducts brainwashing camps. It was graduates of this place, in my opinion, that are responsible for Britain’s 7/7 attacks as an example.

Corruption amongst the Maliks is self limiting because of the egalitarian society they live in and because of Pashtunwali.

What is your view on Musharraf suspending judge Iftikhar Chaudhry?

I believe, and this is widely held belief, that Musharraf has no constituency of his own for his power base. He wanted legitimization from the Supreme Court, and Mr Choudhry as Chief Justice (their system is not like ours) would not give it.

So Musharraf has had to hang on to his Army Chief of Staff position to get his power from the Army. If some one else were Chief of Staff, that person could refuse to support Musharraf.

The Justice favorable to the general is Justice Iqbal, who was not the next in line for Chief Justice. The next in line is a Hindu. That presented problems of its own for Musharraf. So when the Hindu judge went for a trip to India, Iqbal became the “available” senior most Supreme Court judge, and hence the haste and lack of decorum with which Justice Chaudhry was removed.

What is the prevailing sentiment regarding Pakistani government efforts in the provinces and the international effort in Afghanistan to combat Taliban and affiliated militants?

In my dealings and inquires, one thing stood out like a sore thumb – the conspiracy theories vis-à-vis anything having to do with America. I mentioned to one of my close friends that events that were previously ascribed as acts of God were now considered acts of the CIA. Some even believed that the Earthquake in the northern areas was because of some sort of underground secret “bomb” used by the CIA. Lack of evidence is further proof that the CIA did it. I was flabbergasted, and started to give this kind of thinking as an example in speaking to “educated” Pakistani’s – and among these, those that did agree that the earthquake was NOT the work of the CIA, they would start giving other examples, notably the Blow up of the plane carrying Zia ul Haq an ex President of Pakistan, in which the US Ambassador also perished. When I would point this out, the response would be that that is the sort of thing they do to take away suspicion from themselves.

In a nutshell, the impression I came away with is, there is NO war of civilizations going on. What is going on is a war between literacy and illiteracy.

Taliban are not visible in the areas I visited, but the militants handiwork clearly is – as elsewhere, the common criminals are taking advantage of this situation, and crime is up significantly. One new crime is Cell phone “snatching” – it’s easy and nobody wants to pursue it. If some one is using a Razr phone, he can expect to be hit soon if he uses it in public. So people have two cell phones, one fancy to show off, and one for use in public places.

Insofar as “foreign” militants are captured and identified, that is to say non-Pashtun (including non Afghan Pashtun or Pak Pashtun) – then the people are obviously in agreement with the government that these people don’t belong here and need to go.

The problem is this: the foreigners are usually in the FATA and have been there since the Soviet war times. Many of them have taken local wives and now have a family. The local have accepted them into their family. Now for the Pak govt to ask them to kick them out, the locals are thinking what am I doing to my grandchildren’s father, etc. Again the edicts of Pashtunwali also play a role.

What is the relationship, if any, between the Taliban and Al Qaeda?

Al Qaeda is mostly composed of Arabs, they do not trust any one else. While they might use others as couriers or in lowly position as servants, for second rate Al Qaeda officials, the Top guys ONLY deal with Arabs and are served by Arabs.

The Taliban are mostly Pashtun tribesmen. Mostly they are graduates of madrassa’s. Mostly illiterate by any world standards. The better educated among them will know how to speak a few words of English, such as their Information minister. There might be one or two notable exceptions of which I am not aware.

However, while Al Qaeda does not trust the Taliban, the Taliban look up to Al Qaeda top leadership. We saw this situation in Iraq where initially Al Zarqawi had no direct link with Qaeda but was keen to form one. It would be conjecture on my part to state that in the end he did indeed succeed in forming that connection. In the press at least that impression was prevalent.

So the lines of interest proceed ONE way, like one way traffic. Extremist want to be affiliated with Qaeda, in my opinion, while the latter does not, so as to maintain its hideout.

The Qaeda supply lines are hampered, new recruits would have to be Arabs, and they would have to travel a long way through tight Pakistani security to reach here, or suffer hardship over a long and arduous land route through Balochistan and the Tribal area’s – NOT all of which are accommodating.

So as is becoming clear, Qaeda is having trouble replacing people they loose meaning those that were captured or died. They only trust Arabs, and that also a certain type of Arabs, (not all Arabs are the same, not all Arabic is the same – for example they would never trust a Syrian, in fact Qaeda folks consider Syrian brand of Islam an apostasy – but that is another story).

Whatever remains of the Qaeda, are not in a position to set up training camps, since they are in a survival mode. The Taliban resurgence helps them get a little warm and fuzzy in this survival mode, since they feel a little bit more secure with their partners-in-arms doing some evil stuff, blowing up people and causing mayhem.

What makes the North-West Frontier Province competent to administer money sent as foreign aid?

This is the central question. Much like California has taken a separate initiative on stem cell research – as an analogy – the NWFP is central to the war on terror, not Pakistan.

The NWFP was central to the fight and aid to the Afghans during the Soviet occupation, not Pakistan.

This small distinction is lost on Washington, and it is the main reason, in my opinion, why so much of the Aid was “lost in transit” was because the Punjabi army officers could not bring themselves to dispense such large sums to an ethnic group which it considers anti-Pakistani.

All the FATA is contiguous to the NWFP. The Taliban and Al-Qaeda are holed up somewhere either in the FATA, or across the Durand Line in Afghanistan; the Durand Line has never been recognized by the locals as an international boundary. Even today, the Pashtun travel from Peshawar to Kabul by road with out a passport or visa, and it has been like that for eons.

The present governor of the NWFP belongs to the Orakzai tribe (he spells his name Aorakzai) and it is my opinion that that he was picked partly because he belongs to one of the FATA as well as he is a retired General of the Pak Army.

The Frontier Constabulary (FC) is a force which primarily recruits from the FATA. All or most of its forces are from the various tribes. In the eyes of the tribes this is a bona fide force and service with the FC is considered an honorable thing. The US has already allocated some funds for increasing recruitment, but far less than what it would take to counter the Taliban and far less than what the economic need is. The US spends a thousand times more on a battalions sent to monitor activity over there. Plus why endanger the lives of our troops and spread our forces thin when a more effective job can be done by the FC. The FC has over history shown that they will attack and use force against the tribes that create trouble. There have been no instances of insubordination or mutiny.

Even the US Embassy is protected by a contingent of the FC! That goes to show their trustworthiness and discipline.

The “tribal” Pashtuns in the FATA are not educated or trained and hence not employable right now. I propose that we fund directly the Director of Emigrants, Mr. Azhar Arbab in Islamabad, to set up training facilities in Concrete laying, iron work, pipe work, welding etc, which would then qualify these tribesmen to obtain jobs in the Gulf. As such we would remove them from the scene altogether. They would not be available in the labor pool to the Taliban or anyone else. I might add here, that a number of these individuals have very high innate intelligence, which is one reason they make formidable foes.

Now the central reason why the NWFP ought to do this is because they are themselves most affected by the scourge of Talibanization. They are highly motivated in carrying out these policies because it is to their own benefit.

How many men does the FC field currently?

The FC currently has about 23,000 men in total.

How much do they get paid?

They are paid the equivalent of $60 per month per person -Pak Rupees 3665, where Rs61= $1. They do have some fringe benefits but life is very spartan for these soldiers.

What the US could get in return is a huge bang for a buck, no pun intended.

I think we ought to double the number of these soldiers with one proviso that the FC maintains its high standards of recruits.

Compare this with our costs in the War against Terror; just Halliburton’s bills will have you reeling. I think that it would be foolish, NOT to do this.

The Frontier Constabulary is an Institution with a long and glorious history within the Frontier Province.

The recruits come strictly from the tribes of the various FATA and so they are very familiar with the people, the bad guys the terrain.

They speak the Pashto dialect of the locals. The Pashto language has many dialects, and you can tell where someone is from based on which dialect he speaks. So if you do not speak the correct dialect, you are immediately identified as an outsider. This is one reason why these tribes are impossible to penetrate, there are other reasons as well, that are beyond the scope of the current discussion.

How can the FC help prevent attacks like the suicide bombing attempt on Sherpao in Charsadda last weekend?

In essence your question is how can anyone prevent a suicide attack? And frankly if I knew the answer to that I think the US military – and several other groups – would be knocking on my door. I think the Israeli Army has had the most experience with this sort of thing. The suicide bombing as a tactical weapon was invented by the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka, and even today in terms of statistics they use it in far greater numbers.

So to summarize neither the FC nor anyone else can prevent a suicide bombing. We could attempt to improve our intelligence to find out about an imminent attack, but so far these have not been very successful in Pakistan.

In the Lal Masjid Case the government avoided a suicide killing by negotiating with those two Mullah brothers – but I don’t know if that counts. But it does make for an interesting story. Both Washington, DC and Islamabad now have Madams threatening to publish the list of their clients unless they are given protection. Who would have thunk?

Going back to your question: In my opinion what ought to be done is to make a Policy change, and address the issues that are producing these suicide bombers, that is the only way to stop this phenomenon.

In this part of the world this is relatively new because prior to 9/11, suicide bombing was unheard of. Moreover it is not the FC’s job to provide security to the Minister of the Interior, that is the job of the Police force, because this Ministry is equivalent to the Department of Homeland Security.

You don’t expect Border patrol to provide body guard duty to the Secretary of the department of Homeland Security.

I am making these analogies so the American readers would relate to what is happening, and understand the difference in nomenclature. –RHakeem 20:13, 3 May 2007 (UTC)

This interview consists of excerpts taken from the full content and context of Mr. Hakeem’s replies. The complete and uneditted version is found on the Interview archive page.


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August 24, 2005

Turkmen president bans recorded music in public

Turkmen president bans recorded music in public

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Wednesday, August 24, 2005

Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov has banned the playing of recorded music on television, at public events, and both public and private wedding ceremonies. Turkmenistan’s official daily newspaper, Neitralny Turkmenistan, quotes President Niyazov as stating that the ban is intended to “protect true culture, including the musical and singing traditions of the Turkmen people.” The office of the president said recorded music and lip synching has “a negative effect on the development of singing and musical art.” In a cabinet meeting broadcast on national television, Niyazov said “Unfortunately, one can see on television old voiceless singers lip-synching their old songs. Don’t kill talents by using lip synching… Create our new culture.”

President Niyazov has a history of regulating cultural influences in Turkmenistan. He has outlawed long hair or beards and capped teeth, required video monitors in all public places, and banned car radios and certain performing arts like opera and ballet, deeming them “unnecessary.”

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July 13, 2005

Baghdad barbers threatened with death for cutting beards

Baghdad barbers threatened with death for cutting beards

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Wednesday, July 13, 2005

A series of threats have been made to Baghdad barbers who have been cashing in on the upsurge in popularity of ‘Marine’ and french hairstyles amongst Baghdad youths. Over the past few weeks barbers were warned not to cut beards and not to offer the western hairstyles, unless they wanted ‘swords over their necks’. Many barbers have put up signs saying that taboo haircuts are not available in their shops. Those who flout these threats have been killed.

According to Maj. Col. Abbas Dilemi of the Baghdad Police, some of the extremists have been caught, but they have turned out to be criminals paid by third parties to make the threats and carry out the murders of those who ignore them.

Mr. Mohamed Sa’eed, a leading figure in the Iraqi Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution, has castigated those responsible for the threats saying: ‘and now groups from abroad come carrying temporary ideology that did not exist even in the Middle Ages,’ then stated that there ‘should be no compulsion in religion’ whilst calling for juristic and intellectual work to defeat extremism.

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