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June 9, 2016

IUPAC proposes four new chemical element names

IUPAC proposes four new chemical element names

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Thursday, June 9, 2016

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The periodic table as it stands today. The four newly discovered elements are officially added by IUPAC following the five months of public review. The new names would replace the current placeholder names.
Image: Sandbh.

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced yesterday the proposed names of four chemical elements recently discovered by scientists around the world. According to the rules of IUPAC, the four names — nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson — are to be subject to a five-month period of public scrutiny which ends November 2016. IUPAC allows the teams of scientists who discover and synthesize new elements to name them, subject to process.

Element number 113, nihonium, is named after the Japanese name for the country of JapanNihon — where it was first synthesized and discovered by researchers at the RIKEN institute.

Elements 115 and 117, moscovium and tennessine, were co-discovered by researchers in the United States and Russia. Moscovium’s name comes from the Moscow-based Joint Institute of Nuclear Research where researchers discovered the element. Similarly, tennessine is named after the US state of Tennessee where chemical research is commonly conducted.

Lastly, element number 118, oganesson, is named for a Russian physicist, Yuri Oganessian, team leader from the synthesis of tennessine, element 117.

Elements 113, 115, 117, and 118 complete the bottom row of the current periodic table. Further discoveries would likely add a new row on the table. Currently, these elements are given the systematic placeholder names ununtrium, ununpentium, ununseptium and ununoctium, respectively.

The elements are formed as a result of colliding two smaller atoms together to form a larger atom. These resultant atoms are made in small amounts, are generally unstable, and decompose into smaller components in periods of time less than a second.

IUPAC confirmed discovery of these four elements in December. These were the first confirmed discoveries since IUPAC confirmed elements 114 and 116, flerovium and livermorium, in 2011.



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July 16, 2015

Shootings at two military facilities in Chattanooga

Shootings at two military facilities in Chattanooga

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Thursday, July 16, 2015

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On Thursday, between 10:45 a.m. and 11:15 a.m. local time, shootings occurred at two military facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Four U.S. marines were killed and three other people, including an officer, were wounded. The gunman was killed at the site of the second shooting. The two sites are a U.S. Navy recruitment center and a Marine Reserve Center.

Map showing the locations of the shootings.
Image: OpenStreetMap.

According to Brian Lepley, a spokesman with the U.S. Army Recruiting Command in Fort Knox, Kentucky, the shooter, who was in a car, stopped in front of the facility, shot at the building and drove off. The Sergeant 1st Class Robert Dodge, an army recruiter in Chattanooga, said he was in his office when someone opened fire. He reported he heard about 30 to 50 shots.

Later that day, the gunman was identified as Muhammad Youssef Abdulazeez, 24 years old. He resided in Hixson, located a few miles across the river from the city. He was born in Kuwait and was a naturalized U.S. citizen.

The Chattanooga State Community College said in a tweet and on its website that a shooting was confirmed near the campus and everyone should stay inside and close doors. The campus was put on lockdown. Bill Killian, the U.S. Attorney for the eastern district of Tennessee, told the media that the situation was considered as an “act of domestic terrorism.”


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Shootings occurred at two military facilities in Chattanooga

Filed under: Disputed,Tennessee,United States — admin @ 5:00 am

Shootings occurred at two military facilities in Chattanooga

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On Thursday, between 10:45 a.m. and 11:15 a.m. local time, shootings occurred at two military facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Four U.S. marines were killed and three other people, including a navy sailor, were wounded. The gunman was killed at the site of the second shooting. The two sites are a U.S. Navy recruitment center and a Marine Reserve Center.

Map showing the locations of the shootings.
Image: OpenStreetMap.

According to Brian Lepley, a spokesman with the U.S. Army Recruiting Command in Fort Knox, Kentucky, the shooter was in a car. The suspect stopped in front of the facility, shot at the building and then drove off. The Sergeant 1st Class Robert Dodge, an army recruiter in Chattanooga, said he was in his office when someone opened fire. He reported he heard about 30 to 50 shots. FBI agent Ed Reinhold said Abdulazeez had “numerous weapons”. However, he would not give details.

Later that day, the gunman was identified as Muhammad Youssef Abdulazeez, 24 years old. He resided in Hixson, located a few miles across the river from the city. He was born in Kuwait and was a naturalized U.S. citizen.

The Chattanooga State Community College confirmed in a tweet and on its website the shooting near the campus and adviced everyone to stay inside and close doors. The campus was put on lockdown. Bill Killian, the U.S. Attorney for the eastern district of Tennessee, told the media that the situation was considered as an “act of domestic terrorism.” The organization of Muslim rights advocacy, CAIR, “condamned” this “killing”.

Currently, the police are still researching the motive. There is still no indication on whether anyone else in involved.


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Man kills five, wounds two in Chattanooga

Man kills five, wounds two in Chattanooga

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Thursday, July 16, 2015

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On Thursday, between 10:45 a.m. and 11:15 a.m. local time, shootings occurred at two military facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee: a U.S. Navy recruitment center and a Marine Reserve Center. Five people, excluding the gunman, died in the shootings. Four U.S. Marines died at the scene and one U.S. Navy sailor died at a hospital two days later. All of them were shot at the naval reserve center.

The five who died were identified as:[1]

Name Age Hometown Branch Rank
Carson A. Holmquist 25 Grantsburg, Wisconsin USMC Sergeant
Randall Smith 26 Paulding, Ohio USN Logistics Specialist Second Class
Thomas J. Sullivan 40 Springfield, Massachusetts USMC Gunnery Sergeant
Squire K. “Skip” Wells 21 Marietta, Georgia USMC Lance Corporal
David A. Wyatt 37 Russellville, Arkansas USMC Staff Sergeant

In addition, two other people were wounded. They were an unidentified Marine recruiter who was shot in the leg, treated, and released; and Dennis Pedigo, Jr., a police sergeant who was shot in the ankle.[2][3] A third person was wounded too, but died two days later at the hospital.

Map showing the locations of the shootings.
Image: OpenStreetMap.

According to Brian Lepley, a spokesman with the U.S. Army Recruiting Command in Fort Knox, Kentucky, Abdulazeez was in his car. He stopped in front of the facility, shot at the building and then drove off. The Sergeant 1st Class Robert Dodge, an army recruiter in Chattanooga, said he was in his office when someone opened fire. He reported he heard about 30 to 50 shots. FBI agent Ed Reinhold said Abdulazeez had “numerous weapons”. However, he would not give details.

Later that day, the gunman was identified as Muhammad Youssef Abdulazeez, 24 years old. He resided in Hixson, located a few miles across the river from the city. He was born in Kuwait and was a naturalized U.S. citizen. The gunman was killed at the site of the second shooting.

In recent months, he had been regularly attending Friday prayers at a mosque. It was reported that in the days preceding the shooting, Abdulazeez is thought to have written a blog post in which he urges study of the Quran as a meaning to life, and noted that the companions of the Prophet “fought jihad for the sake of Allah.”[4] Abdulazeez’s friends also noted a change in his behavior. Hours before the shootings began, Abdulazeez sent a text message to a friend, which contained a link to an Islamic verse that included the line “Whosoever shows enmity to a friend of Mine, then I have declared war against him.”[5]

On July 20, a diary belonging to Abdulazeez and containing entries dating as far back as 2013 was discovered. In it, he wrote about having suicidal thoughts after losing his job due to his drug use and his desire to “becom[e] a martyr”. According to a family representative, Abdulazeez was abusing sleeping pills, opioids, painkillers, and marijuana along with alcohol. He had also been in thousands of dollars of debt and was planning to file for bankruptcy. In addition, when he was twelve or thirteen years old, he had been seeing a child psychiatrist. Several years ago, relatives of Abdulazeez attempted to have him admitted into inpatient care, but were unable to after a health insurer refused to approve the expense.[6]

The Chattanooga State Community College confirmed in a tweet and on its website the shooting near the campus and adviced everyone to stay inside and close doors. The campus was put on lockdown. Bill Killian, the U.S. Attorney for the eastern district of Tennessee, told the media that the situation was considered as an “act of domestic terrorism.” The organization of Muslim rights advocacy, CAIR, “condamned” this “killing”. There are also other reactions, such as security measures and other reactions from the President Barack Obama[7], Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam[8] and Chattanooga mayor Andy Berkeref.[9]

Currently, the police are still researching the motive. There is no evidence about a potential accomplice in the event.[8]


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August 16, 2014

US researchers find a large asteroid held together by forces other than gravity

US researchers find a large asteroid held together by forces other than gravity

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Saturday, August 16, 2014

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Asteroid 1950 DA, Arecibo Observatory radar image

A team of researchers from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has confirmed that near-Earth asteroid (29075) 1950 DA is primarily held together by van der Waals forces rather than gravity. They have shown that the rotation rate of the 1.1 km asteroid is higher than could be possible if only gravity and friction were responsible for holding it together. Cohesive forces prevent large scale shedding of material and breakup of the asteroid. Their study was published Wednesday in Nature.

The researchers found that the bulk density 1.7±0.7 g/cm³ of the asteroid is approximately two times lower than the value required for self-gravity to balance out the centrifugal forces caused by rotation. As Ben Rozitis, a planetary scientist and a co-author of the study, told Space.com: “I was expecting to find a high-density metallic asteroid, as such an asteroid wouldn’t require cohesive forces to hold itself together under its fast rotation. Instead we found the opposite! […] We knew from previous work that this asteroid was rotating faster than it should be, and we wanted to know why”.

Spectral observations of 1950DA indicated that it is either an E- or M-type asteroid in the Tholen classification. However, its low optical albedo and low radar circular polarization ratio (a very smooth surface at centimetre to decimetre scales) showed that it cannot be an E-type asteroid.

Unusually for an M-type asteroid (which are mostly metallic), 1950DA has low radar albedo. It would have been puzzling, if it was not for the Rosetta observations of 21 Lutetia, which is also an M-type asteroid with very similar low radar albedo. Researchers have used for 1950DA the same meteorite analogue which was earlier found to fit best 21 Lutetia: enstatite chondrite with grain density of 3.55 g/cm³. It allowed to calculate macro-porosity of 51±19%, indicating that 1950DA is a rubble-pile asteroid.

Taking into account thermal-infrared measurements of thermal inertia, presence of a fine-grained regolith is implied, primarily around 1950DA’s equator. Negative ambient gravity near the equator of the asteroid (48±24% of its surface) requires existence of cohesive forces to prevent loss of material. This is similar to an effect noticed between the fine grains of regolith on the Moon. Lunar regolith was found to be highly cohesive because of van der Waals forces between grains by the Apollo 17 expedition in 1974.

As Ben Rozitis explained: “We found a low-density rubble pile that traditionally would be unable to hold itself together unless cohesive forces were present. It’s exciting because we’ve provided the first evidence that cohesive forces are important for small asteroids, which had only been predicted up until now.”

The balance between cohesion and negative gravity requires small grain sizes consistent with the grain size distribution on 1950DA, and similar to that of another rubble-pile asteroid, (25143) Itokawa. Unlike Itokawa, 1950DA does not have large boulders on the surface; they may have been lost as 1950DA’s rotation accelerated due to YORP effect. This effect results in a change of the rotation rate of an asteroid (either faster or slower), and is caused when the Sun heats up an object unevenly, due to asymmetric surface topography. As the heat escapes, the rotation rate is slowly changed due to an uneven rate of cooling. The researchers find that a rubble-pile asteroid may have a high rotation rate, if it is held together by cohesive forces between the grains. But as the spin rate increases due to YORP effect, the centrifugal force may cause the rubble pile to eventually separate as it happened with P/2013 R3.

The findings may have implications for asteroid impact avoidance. A very small impulse may break one potentially hazardous object into several pieces. As Ben Rozitis said: “You’d want to avoid interacting with the asteroid directly. An alternative is to use a ‘gravity tractor,’ or a heavy spacecraft placed near the asteroid, which uses the force of gravity to pull the asteroid off course”. Bong Wie, an aerospace engineer at Iowa State University in Ames, noted: “I just hope that an asteroid on a collision course with Earth will not be spinning rapidly and it will not be a rubble-pile asteroid”.

According to Daniel Scheeres, an aerospace engineer at the University of Colorado, Boulder, understanding such cohesive forces may also be important for future asteroid mining. Ben Rozitis clarified: “Mining missions intend to visit small asteroids about 10 meters (33 feet) or less in size, as it is thought that they are predominantly solid bodies. However, cohesive forces enable such small asteroids to be rubble piles instead. A small rubble-pile asteroid would be harder to interact with and collect, as it can easily deform or break up when subject to external forces.”

The study was supported by Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology and the NASA.



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October 27, 2013

Slow start to winter 2013/2014 flu season in USA

Slow start to winter 2013/2014 flu season in USA

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Sunday, October 27, 2013

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With the United States flu season having started this month, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), The Weather Channel and Google‘s FluTrends websites report today low flu levels.

All three sources say there are no, or minimal, reports of the flu in Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. All three indicate Alabama has moderate flu levels. Google FluTrends indicates that at the same time last year, the flu level nationally was at moderate.

During the early part of the month, there were some concerns about the quality of flu reporting as the CDC and other government supported flu tracking organizations were impacted by the US government shutdown. Some non-profits and private organizations provided their own data during this period to fill the information void.

The CDC advises people to get a flu vaccine as the best means of avoiding getting the flu. Dr. Harry Leider, Chief Medical Officer for Walgreens, also is encouraging people to get the flu vaccine now before the flu becomes more widespread. For the 2013/2014 flu season in the US, there are two types of vaccines available. One provides immunization for two influenza A viruses and an influenza B virus — specifically, an A/California/7/2009 (H1N1) pdm09-like virus; an A(H3N2) virus, similar for antigenic purposes to cell-propagated prototype virus A/Victoria/361/2011; and a virus similar to B/Massachusetts/2/2012. A second type of vaccine provides immunization for two influenza A viruses and two influenza B viruses.

Flu prevelance by state
State Google FluTrend CDC The Weather Channel
Alabama Moderate Local Localized
Alaska Low Sporadic
Arizona Low Sporadic Sporadic
Arkansas Low No activity
California Low Sporadic Sporadic
Colorado Low No activity
Connecticut Low Sporadic Sporadic
Delaware Low No activity
Florida Moderate Sporadic Sporadic
Georgia Moderate Sporadic Sporadic
Hawaii Low Sporadic
Idaho Low No activity
Illinois Moderate Sporadic
Indiana Low Sporadic Sporadic
Iowa Low Sporadic Sporadic
Kansas Moderate No activity
Kentucky Moderate No activity
Louisiana Moderate Sporadic Sporadic
Maine Low No activity
Maryland Low No activity Sporadic
Massachusetts Low Sporadic Sporadic
Michigan Moderate Sporadic
Minnesota Moderate Sporadic Sporadic
Mississippi Moderate Local Sporadic
Missouri Moderate No activity
Montana Low No activity
Nebraska Low Sporadic
Nevada Moderate Sporadic
New Hampshire Low No activity
New Jersey Low Sporadic Sporadic
New Mexico Moderate Sporadic Sporadic
New York Low Sporadic Sporadic
North Carolina Low No activity
North Dakota Low Sporadic Sporadic
Ohio Low Sporadic Sporadic
Oklahoma Moderate No activity
Oregon Low Sporadic
Pennsylvania Low Sporadic
Rhode Island Low No activity
South Carolina Low Local Localized
South Dakota Low No activity Sporadic
Tennessee Moderate No activity
Texas Moderate Sporadic Localized
Utah Low Sporadic Sporadic
Vermont Low No activity
Virginia Low No activity
Washington Low Sporadic Sporadic
West Virginia Low No activity
Wisconsin Low Sporadic Sporadic
Wyoming Low Sporadic Sporadic
District of Columbia Low Sporadic



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February 16, 2013

2013 IPC Alpine Skiing World Championships preparations underway

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Saturday, February 16, 2013

Ramon Moliner, Ivan Tibau, Mariona Masdemont and Enric Ticó at Tuesday’s flag exchange
Image: IPC Alpine Skiing World Championships La Molina 2013.

Preparations are underway ahead of the 2013 IPC Alpine Skiing World Championship, with a flag exchange taking place Tuesday, volunteer recruitment ongoing, USParalympics unveiling a new uniform for their team, skiers like the United States’s Jon Lujan actively training for the event and other skiers competing in preparation for the Championships in a World Cup event Wednesday.

Tuesday in La Molina, Spain, the president of Governmental Railways of Catalonia, Enric Ticó, and the mayor of Alp, Ramon Moliner, were gifted with flags by representatives of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and Catalan Government at a ceremony in Colet Museum of Barcelona at one of the first official events ahead of the 2013 IPC Alpine Skiing World Championship, which starts next week. As of Wednesday, event organisers were still seeking volunteers to assist with running the Championship. The opening ceremonies are scheduled for next Tuesday.

Entering the event, skiers had the opportunity to qualify through eight World Cup events held with only two disciplines on the program, Giant Slalom and Slalom. The first four were held in Sestriere, Italy, with the most recent four all being held in St. Moritz, Switzerland. Standing female French skier Marie Bochet has won six World Cups ahead of the World Championships and is considered by event organizers as a favorite in the standing group. Russian standing skier Alexey Bugaev is also considered a favorite by organisers as he won two Slalom and one Giant Slalom World Cup competition. In the women’s sit-ski, German Anna Schaffelhuber is considered the favorite having prepared for the Championships by winning five of the eight World Cup events. On the men’s sit-ski side, Japanese Takeshi Suzuki and Swiss Christoph Kunz both earned three World Cup victories in the lead up to this competition. In the women’s visually impaired group, Slovak Henrieta Farkasova will enter the competition with five World Cup victories. On the men’s side, Spanish Jon Santacana is favored to win with three Giant Slalom and one Slalom victory during this year’s World Cup events in the lead up to the World Championships.

British Combined Services Disabled Ski Team coach Mark Scorgie has noted that this year’s European ski season has been problematic with weather interfering with most competitions. Poor weather conditions continued Wednesday Rogla IPC Alpine World Cup, with the first Giant Slalom run canceled because of high winds.

The World Championships includes over 270 skiers, guides, coaches and support personnel from 28 countries including Spain, France, Australia, Ukraine, Netherlands, Croatia, Finland, Switzerland, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Turkey, Belgium, Norway, Russia, Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, Slovakia, Czech Republic, United States, Austria, New Zealand, Sweden, Hungary, and South Africa..

The Spanish team includes blind skier Jon Santacana and his guide Miguel Galindo, and blind skier Gabriel Gorce and his guide Arnau Ferrer. Both vision-impaired skiers are scheduled to compete in the Downhill, Super G, Super Combined, Giant Slalom, and Slalom competitions. Also on the Spanish team are LW2 classified standing skier Úrsula Pueyo, LW12-1 classified sit skier Óscar Espallargas, and LW10-1 classified sit skier Nathalie Carpanedo who qualified as a wildcard entry. Pueyo, Espallargas, and Carpanedo are all scheduled to compete in the Slalom and Giant Slalom competitions. Accompanying the team are to be coaches Javier Gutierrez, Jordi Carbonell, and Andres Gomez, medical staff including Pablo Marquez and Josep Barrachina, and technical staffer Josep Bort.

Jones competing in the Super G at the last year’s IPC Nor-Am Cup
Image: Bidgee.

The United States team consists of Seattle, Washington-based vision-impaired skier Mark Bathum and his Colorado Springs-based guide Jessica Smith; Park City, Utah-based vision-impaired skier Danelle Umstead and guide Rob Umstead; retired Army and Clarksville, Tennessee-based Heath Calhoun; Brooklyn, New York-based Ralph Green; Colorado Springs-based Allison Jones; Palmer, Alaska-based Andrew Kurka; Burlington, Vermont-based Stephen Lawler; retired Marine and Littleton, Colorado-based Jon Lujan; Farmington, New Mexico-based Alana Nichols; Wenham, Massachusetts-based Laurie Stephens; Park City, Utah-based Stephani Victor; Franconia, New Hampshire-based Tyler Walker; and retired Coast Guard and Campton, New Hampshire-based Chris Devlin-Young.



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January 30, 2013

January tornadoes, severe weather in southern, midwestern US cause fatalities

January tornadoes, severe weather in southern, midwestern US cause fatalities

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Wednesday, January 30, 2013

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Damage to a structure in Galatia, Illinois.
Image: NOAA.

Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes affected the midwestern and southern United States yesterday into today with damage reported in several states and at least two people killed.

In Mississippi, at least ten counties suffered power outages, and the National Weather Service reported a tornado struck areas near the town of Sardis. At least 11,900 customers were without power in Indiana, where debris blocked roadways and a tornado reportedly damaged homes in the town of Solsberry. In Tennessee major damage was reported around the Nashville area with widespread tree and some building damage reported. One man was killed in Nashville when a tree fell on a building he was using as shelter, according to police. An EF2 tornado was also confirmed to have touched down in the town of Mount Juliet.

Damage was also reported in Georgia, where a tornado caused extensive damage in Adairsville, and one person was reported killed. Damage and flipped vehicles resulted in the closure of Interstate 75 at Adairsville. The Storm Prediction Center and National Climatic Data Center said the fatality in Adairsville was the first tornado-related fatality in the United States in 220 days, since a deadly tornado in Florida June 24, ending the longest recorded time between tornado fatalities in the United States.

The threat for severe weather is expected to continue into tonight as the storm system continues to push east, with the possibility of damaging winds, hail, and tornadoes.



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October 14, 2012

Meningitis outbreak spreads around several U.S. states

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Sunday, October 14, 2012

A meningitis outbreak has been reported around several parts of the United States. The outbreak originated in Idaho. Tennessee has the highest cases according to Tennessee Health Officials.

Cquote1.svg This incident raises serious concerns about the scope of the practice of pharmacy compounding in the United States and the current patchwork of federal and state laws. Cquote2.svg

—(D) Representative Henry A. Waxman

Deaths have occured in Tennessee, Maryland, Michigan, Virginia, Florida, and North Carolina.

The New England Compounding Center, a Massachusetts based pharmacy manufactured the meningitis injections recalled it last week. The injection was a type of steroid called methylprednisolone acetate. The injections can be recalled that may have been received on May 21. 23 states may have had shipments of the meningitis injections.

Cquote1.svg But we want to emphasize that we don’t know what the longest will be, adding that patients who received injections of the recalled drug should stay attuned to the subtle symptoms for months. Cquote2.svg

—(CDC) Dr. Benjamin Park

On Tuesday Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that federal authorities reported 11 deaths and 119 persons becoming ill. 13,000 people may have been affected by this outbreak.

Democratic Representative of Massachusetts, Edward J. Markey represents the district of the manufactured meningitis said: “Would introduce legislation requiring certain pharmacies that send products across state lines to register with the F.D.A. Currently, states oversee compounding pharmacies.”



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July 9, 2012

Drought conditions hit much of US again in 2012

Drought conditions hit much of US again in 2012

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National Weather Service graphic showing drought outlook for most of the continental United States

Monday, July 9, 2012

Over half of the contiguous United States is experiencing drought conditions, according to a report released Thursday by the National Weather Service. The report, addressing the period through this coming September, predicted many states will see these conditions persist, or worsen.

Further government reports indicate that high temperatures have played a role in the drought. Additionally, food supplies are being negatively impacted. 22 percent of the corn and soybean crop in key states is reported in “poor or very poor condition”; other crops have also been reduced in the wake of the conditions.

Only days ago, over one million residences in the greater Washington D.C. area were without air-conditioning following a rash of storms and high winds. Reports indicate that temperatures reached at least 100 degrees Fahrenheit (about 38C) during that period. Overall, 18 deaths were attributed to those conditions which extended to several states. Two Tennessee brothers, ages 3 and 5 died after playing outside, according to one report. When asked about weather conditions, a Texas woman told Wikinews, “This heat has been dreadful. I can hardly stand to be outside for more than 10 minutes.”

The National Weather Service’s report noted that, in the southeastern US, some weather improvements are expected across certain portions of Georgia and South Carolina. An Arkansas woman told Wikinews, “…it’s horrible. We’re not used to these kinds of temperatures. It’s so miserable outside right now. It doesn’t normally get this hot here…this is unbelievable.” Sources are referring to this drought as the worst since 1988.


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  • “Report indicates Texas state parks still suffering following worst drought on record” — Wikinews, January 27, 2012
  • Drought conditions and high winds lead to wildfires in Texas” — Wikinews, September 7, 2011
  • “Freshwater lakes in Texas show signs of extreme drought” — Wikinews, August 29, 2011
  • “Texas continues to suffer record-breaking drought” — Wikinews, August 14, 2011

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