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October 30, 2010

First Prime Minister of Greenland Jonathan Motzfeldt dies at age 72

First Prime Minister of Greenland Jonathan Motzfeldt dies at age 72

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Saturday, October 30, 2010

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Motzfeldt at the Bogforum book fair in 2008

Jonathan Motzfeldt, the first and third Prime Minister of Greenland, has died at the age of 72. He had been admitted to the Queen Ingrid Hospital in Nuuk after being diagnosed with pneumonia. He died on Thursday of a brain hemorrhage. He started his first role as Prime Minister in 1979.

Motzfeldt first trained as a teacher but later started his career in politics. At the introduction of the home land rule, he became the first Prime Minister of Greenland in 1979. He lost the post in 1991. He later became Prime Minister again in 1997 and held the post until 2002. He was also the leader of the Siumut Party on two different occasions.

Tributes have been paid to the two-time leader. “We knew Junnuk as a spirited personality, intelligent and human. Junnuk was for many years the Greenlandic people’s supporter and torch-bearer, our national rallying point. In our country’s recent history, there was not a prouder person than Junnuk,” said the current Premier of Greenland, Kuupik Kleist.



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This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

June 21, 2009

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday

Filed under: Archived,Arctic,Denmark,Greenland,Politics and conflicts,World — admin @ 5:00 am

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday – Wikinews, the free news source

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday

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Jump to: navigation, search

Sunday, June 21, 2009

Greenland, population over 57,000, assumes the national right of self government today. The occasion will be honoured in the nation’s capital, Nuuk, by the Danish monarch Queen Margrethe II, the current Head of State.

Nuuk, Greenland

With the ceremony, Kalaallisut becomes the official language of the mainly Inuit island, and Greenland will become the only country in North America where an indigenous language has official status nationwide. Newly elected Prime Minister of Greenland Kuupik Kleist will embark on an agenda of tackling social and education challenges and increasing independence.

This step follows Greenland’s November referendum concerning independence from Denmark and continues the development of self government in the country. Sunday marks when Greenland is internationally recognized as an independent country with control over its natural resources, police and judicial matters. Denmark will still maintain responsibility for Greenland’s foreign affairs, finances and defense.

In 1985, Greenland withdrew from the European Union, of which Denmark remains a member.

Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

The government has declared June 21 as Greenland’s National Day, which is to be a national holiday. June 21 is also the Summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the longest day of the year, a day when much of Greenland will receive continuous daylight for 24 hours.



Sources

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This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

August 27, 2008

Canada invests in Arctic projects

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

Other Canadian stories
…More articles here
Location of Canada

A map showing the location of Canada

Portal:Canada
To write, edit, start or view other Canada articles, see the Canada Portal
Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo Image: SFont.

Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo
Image: SFont.

Canada’s seafloor mapping mission is underway as of August 21, 2008 ending October 2 if the waters remain ice-free. 2009 will be the third season of research. Future expeditions are planned for the Lomonosov and Alpha ridges to show bedrock connections between the seabed and Ellesmere Island. Besides the C$34 committed to Verhoef’s Polar Continental Shelf Project, Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, announced August 26, 2008 that the Canadian government is committed to spending C$100 million for geomapping of northern oil, gas and mineral resources.

Climate research and seafloor  mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo Image: Geo Swan.

Climate research and seafloor mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo
Image: Geo Swan.

Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Director Bedford Institute of Oceanography, is heading Canada’s project aboard Coast Guard icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent. The U.S. Coast Guard cutter Healy offered to break ice for the Canadian project. The Xuelong or Snow Dragon is the icebreaker from China which entered the Canada Basin near Beaufort Sea. Polarstern, the German researcher’s icebreaker will meet with Canadian scientists in the Beaufort Sea. Besides strengthening Canada’s sovereignty, Prime Minister Stephen Harper supports

protecting our environmental heritage, promoting economic and social development, and improving and devolving governance, so that northerners have greater control over their destinies.

– Throne Speech

Five nations attended the Greenland summit last May. The Illulissat Declaration was signed by Danish, Canadian, Russian, Norwegian and American government officials. The polar treaty de-escalated tensions as all nations agreed to follow United Nations regulations in dividing sea-floor territory. All nations agreed also to co-operate on developing environmental regulations, security, scientific research, search and rescue, transportation and tourism issues. The Canadian and Danish governments are collaborating in a program named LORITA-1 (Lomonosov Ridge Test of Appurtenance) to conduct seabed surveys of the Lomonosov Ridge. Under this collaboration, disputes have been set aside regarding ownership of Hans Island, and a section of the Lincoln Sea between the Queen Charlotte Islands and Greenland. Russia as well as Canada and Denmark are preparing reports compliant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding sea floor mapping. This seafloor mapping endeavour will show which undersea territories are linked geologically with either its mainland or Arctic Islands. The Canadian research will cover the Beaufort Sea of the western Arctic, the Lomonosov Ridge of the eastern Arctic and the Alpha Ridge of the central Arctic.

Plate reconstructions that require the Lomonsov Ridge to be attached to the North American and Greenland plates are consistent with our data

– Trine Dahl-Jensen, Ruth Jackson, Deping Chian, John Shield, and Gordon Oakley of the Canadian Danish study

The research entitled Crustal Structure from the Lincoln Sea to the Lomonsov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, was presented at the The 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo 2008 (August 5-14, 2008). The findings are also submitted to the 2009 Journal of Geophysical Research according to Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Geoscientist.

The United States and Canadian governments are also cooperating on defining the Arctic ocean continental shelf. Canada uses specialized seismic systems to measure the thickness of seabed sediments, and the United States uses a High resolution bathymetric system that shows the contours of the ocean floor. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) traditionally holds that countries have ownership of a 370 kilometer coastal zone for economic development unless proof can be shown that the seabed area is a coastal extension to the country. Canada has until 2013 to offer their submission to UNCLOS. Russia ratified UNCLOS in 1997, subsequently submitting a land claim in respect to the Lomonosov ridge to the United Nations in 2001 which was rejected as not substantiated with scientific evidence. The United States has not ratified UNCLOS at all. The triangular area in the Beaufort Sea, 12,000 km square, west of the Canadian arctic islands, and north of Alaska is not to be studied during this mapping expedition.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo
Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies University of Saskatchewan with expertise on circumpolar affairs and Northern politics, and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit August 22 and August 23. Greg Poelzer was the founding Dean of Undergraduate Studies for the University of the Arctic, and co-author (with Ken Coates, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Bill Morrison) of the soon to be released book, Arctic Front, Defending Canada in the Far North. Poelzer will observe the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of National Defence roles and capabilities. Poelzer will also have the opportunity to see federal official relations and policy response to new challenges. Operation NANNY a Canadian Armed Forces venture aboard HMCS Toronto occurred August 19, 2008 and concluded August 26, 2008. Operation NANOOK 2008‘s operation to prepare for disaster relief which overlapped Operation NANNY. UArctic was established in June of 2001 is a network of 110 Canadian, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and American universities and colleges. The European Union, Japan Norway, Russia, Denmark, and the United States have increased interest in the Arctic. Canada believes the Northwest Passage is a territorial waterway of Canada, yet others feel that the Northwest Passage is an international strait.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay's visit to Brazil. Image: Elza Fiúza.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay’s visit to Brazil.
Image: Elza Fiúza.

Ice sheets 20 kilometers square broke off the shelf on Ward Hunt Island near Ellesmere Island at the end of July 2008 due to strong south winds. The Ward Hunt Shelf measures about 401 kilometers square. The ice shelf at Ellesmere Island was as large as 9,065 kilometers square, and is now broken into 5 smaller shelves which combined are almost 1,036 kilometers square. The ice break up is resulting in more navigable waters and more transit activity. In 2007, the ice cover was 14M kilometers square shrinking to just over 4M kilometers square. This spring the 14M kilometers square of ice shrank to 6.5M kilometers square. 1M kilometers square of ice shrank between August 1 and August 10, 2008 due to windy stormy conditions.

a navigable corridor surely exists now as one can avoid the various ice floes.

– Luc Desjardins, Canadian Ice Service forecaster

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo
Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. The U.S. white house is preparing an Arctic policy. Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed in 2007 to construct an Arctic combat training centre in the Northwest Passage area. Currently new funding is in place for the Iqaluit| Canadian Rangers junior members. The Canadian Rangers is a military reservist unit which monitors Arctic outposts for the Canadian government. In the early morning hours of July 31, 2008, an explosion was reported by an Inuit member of the Canadian Rangers. The explosion occurred near the Borden Peninusla on the northwest coast of Baffin island. Department of National Defence DND’s Joint Task Force Northern headquarters knew of no activity in the area other than an Inuit hunting party. The RCMP’s Operation Nunakput sent over Aurora aircraft. Parks Canada sent out a boat from Sirmilik National Park located on Bylot Island.

Enhancements of the maritime infrastructure, inspection stations, and monitoring of shipping and sea traffic vehicles in the Northern Sea Route are underway. The Northern Canada Traffic Regulation System, (NORDREG) is run by Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS). The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has the

legislative authority to provide services for the safe, economical and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waters

– Oceans Act section 41

Environment Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) offers the Canadian Ice Service. Ship related impacts, safety of ships, life and property and the marine environment is under the mandate of Marine Safety, the National Authority. The Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System works in conjunction with the NORDREG system. The Canadian Arctic Night and Day Imaging Surveillance System, CANDISS, has been established to secure the Northwest passageway between Devon Island and Baffin Island. RADARSAT-2 is a new Canadian satellite system which provides polarimetric data which provides information regarding ice edge detection, glacier termini, ice types, as well as leads and open water or ship navigation and safety. Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a new deep water naval port to be constructed at Nanisivik, open the military training center located at Resolute Bay, purchase a dozen transport planes, 8 Arctic patrol vessels and another icebreaker, upgrade the Aurora surveillance planes, and test surface and underwater sensors. The crew of the Franklin Expedition of 1845 perished after their ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Map of Franklin's lost expedition.  Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition.  This image is a file photo Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Map of Franklin’s lost expedition. Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. This image is a file photo
Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. Robert Grenier, Parks Canada underwater archeologist, and Louie Kamoukak, Inuit historian are on a six week search aboard the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Sir Wilred Laurier. Grenier has previously discovered at Red Bay, Labrador two 16th century whaling ships. This project will cover between 400 to 800 kilometers square encompassing the Victoria Strait southern edge, Queen Maud Gulf eastern edge, and around the O’Reilly and Kirkwall Islands near the Nunavut northern coastline.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is spending three days between August 26, to August 29, 2008, visiting Inuvik, N.W.T., Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., and Dawson City, Yukon. Floyd Roland, Premier of the North West Territories has requested a Mackenzie Valley Highway providing a transportation corridor linking the Northern territories with the provinces of Canada. The Prime Minister is expected to make two announcements.

Source

  • Andrew Mayeda “New Arctic protection rules could be tough sell abroad: Harper”. Canwest News Service, August 27, 2008
  • “Gov’t announces cash for geo-mapping Arctic”. The StarPhoenix, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper lands in Inuvik for northern tour”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Harper looks to reap Arctic bounty”. The Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2008
  • “Canada’s Arctic sovereignty bid begins in ‘busy place'”. National Post, August 25, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Harper returns to North”. The Globe and Mail, August 24, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Melting Beaufort Sea a hotbed of international activity”. The StarPhoenix, August 21, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda and Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 17, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada embarks on search for Franklin’s lost ships”. The StarPhoenix, August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Parks Canada to lead new search for Franklin ships”. Canwest News Service, August 15, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Northwest Passage navigable again this summer”. The StarPhoenix, August 14, 2008
  • “Harper heading north of 60 again for sovereignty swing”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 13, 2008
  • “Canada, US team up in key Arctic study”. The Age, August 12, 2008
  • Ed Struzik “Military probes mystery blast in Arctic”. Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Research quietly backs Canada’s claims on Arctic sovereignty”. Canwest News Service, August 7, 2008
  • David Ljunggren “Giant chunks break off Canadian ice shelf”. Canwest News Service, July 30, 2008
  • “U of S professor to visit Canadian Arctic during Operation NANOOK 2008”. University of Saskatchewan, 2008
  • “Science cements Arctic claim, Russia says; Disputed Lomonosov Ridge key to claiming vast untapped resources”. University of Alberta, September 21, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Danes pipe up with their own North Pole claims”. National Post, August 10, 2007
  • David Jackson “Microsoft PowerPoint – Ice diminishing Arctic 10 July07.ppt The Impact of Arctic climate change on the CCG Icebreaking program and marine transportation.”. Icebreaking Program Canadian Coast Guard, July 11, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Russia poised to claim Arctic expanse on Canada’s doorstep”. Canwest News Service, Thursday, June 28, 2007
  • “Mapping continues along the Lomonosov Ridge”. Siku News, April 17, 2007
  • “RADARSAT-2 Information”. MacDonald Dettwiler, 1995-2008
This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

The true north strong and free. Canada fuels strong activity in Arctic waters free of ice

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

Other Canadian stories
…More articles here
Location of Canada

A map showing the location of Canada

Portal:Canada
To write, edit, start or view other Canada articles, see the Canada Portal
Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo Image: SFont.

Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo
Image: SFont.

Canada’s seafloor mapping mission is underway as of August 21, 2008 ending October 2 if the waters remain ice-free. 2009 will be the third season of research. Future expeditions are planned for the Lomonosov and Alpha ridges to show bedrock connections between the seabed and Ellesmere Island. Besides the C$34 committed to Verhoef’s Polar Continental Shelf Project, Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, announced August 26, 2008 that the Canadian government is committed to spending C$100 million for geomapping of northern oil, gas and mineral resources.

Climate research and seafloor  mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo Image: Geo Swan.

Climate research and seafloor mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo
Image: Geo Swan.

Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Director Bedford Institute of Oceanography, is heading Canada’s project aboard Coast Guard icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent. The U.S. Coast Guard cutter Healy offered to break ice for the Canadian project. The Xuelong or Snow Dragon is the icebreaker from China which entered the Canada Basin near Beaufort Sea. Polarstern, the German researcher’s icebreaker will meet with Canadian scientists in the Beaufort Sea. Besides strengthening Canada’s sovereignty, Prime Minister Stephen Harper supports

protecting our environmental heritage, promoting economic and social development, and improving and devolving governance, so that northerners have greater control over their destinies.

– Throne Speech

Five nations attended the Greenland summit last May. The Illulissat Declaration was signed by Danish, Canadian, Russian, Norwegian and American government officials. The polar treaty de-escalated tensions as all nations agreed to follow United Nations regulations in dividing sea-floor territory. All nations agreed also to co-operate on developing environmental regulations, security, scientific research, search and rescue, transportation and tourism issues. The Canadian and Danish governments are collaborating in a program named LORITA-1 (Lomonosov Ridge Test of Appurtenance) to conduct seabed surveys of the Lomonosov Ridge. Under this collaboration, disputes have been set aside regarding ownership of Hans Island, and a section of the Lincoln Sea between the Queen Charlotte Islands and Greenland. Russia as well as Canada and Denmark are preparing reports compliant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding sea floor mapping. This seafloor mapping endeavour will show which undersea territories are linked geologically with either its mainland or Arctic Islands. The Canadian research will cover the Beaufort Sea of the western Arctic, the Lomonosov Ridge of the eastern Arctic and the Alpha Ridge of the central Arctic.

Plate reconstructions that require the Lomonsov Ridge to be attached to the North American and Greenland plates are consistent with our data

– Trine Dahl-Jensen, Ruth Jackson, Deping Chian, John Shield, and Gordon Oakley of the Canadian Danish study

The research entitled Crustal Structure from the Lincoln Sea to the Lomonsov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, was presented at the The 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo 2008 (August 5-14, 2008). The findings are also submitted to the 2009 Journal of Geophysical Research according to Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Geoscientist.

The United States and Canadian governments are also cooperating on defining the Arctic ocean continental shelf. Canada uses specialized seismic systems to measure the thickness of seabed sediments, and the United States uses a High resolution bathymetric system that shows the contours of the ocean floor. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) traditionally holds that countries have ownership of a 370 kilometer coastal zone for economic development unless proof can be shown that the seabed area is a coastal extension to the country. Canada has until 2013 to offer their submission to UNCLOS. Russia ratified UNCLOS in 1997, subsequently submitting a land claim in respect to the Lomonosov ridge to the United Nations in 2001 which was rejected as not substantiated with scientific evidence. The United States has not ratified UNCLOS at all. The triangular area in the Beaufort Sea, 12,000 km square, west of the Canadian arctic islands, and north of Alaska is not to be studied during this mapping expedition.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo
Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies University of Saskatchewan with expertise on circumpolar affairs and Northern politics, and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit August 22 and August 23. Greg Poelzer was the founding Dean of Undergraduate Studies for the University of the Arctic, and co-author (with Ken Coates, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Bill Morrison) of the soon to be released book, Arctic Front, Defending Canada in the Far North. Poelzer will observe the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of National Defence roles and capabilities. Poelzer will also have the opportunity to see federal official relations and policy response to new challenges. Operation NANNY a Canadian Armed Forces venture aboard HMCS Toronto occurred August 19, 2008 and concluded August 26, 2008. Operation NANOOK 2008‘s operation to prepare for disaster relief which overlapped Operation NANNY. UArctic was established in June of 2001 is a network of 110 Canadian, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and American universities and colleges. The European Union, Japan Norway, Russia, Denmark, and the United States have increased interest in the Arctic. Canada believes the Northwest Passage is a territorial waterway of Canada, yet others feel that the Northwest Passage is an international strait.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay's visit to Brazil. Image: Elza Fiúza.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay’s visit to Brazil.
Image: Elza Fiúza.

Ice sheets 20 kilometers square broke off the shelf on Ward Hunt Island near Ellesmere Island at the end of July 2008 due to strong south winds. The Ward Hunt Shelf measures about 401 kilometers square. The ice shelf at Ellesmere Island was as large as 9,065 kilometers square, and is now broken into 5 smaller shelves which combined are almost 1,036 kilometers square. The ice break up is resulting in more navigable waters and more transit activity. In 2007, the ice cover was 14M kilometers square shrinking to just over 4M kilometers square. This spring the 14M kilometers square of ice shrank to 6.5M kilometers square. 1M kilometers square of ice shrank between August 1 and August 10, 2008 due to windy stormy conditions.

a navigable corridor surely exists now as one can avoid the various ice floes.

– Luc Desjardins, Canadian Ice Service forecaster

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo
Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. The U.S. white house is preparing an Arctic policy. Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed in 2007 to construct an Arctic combat training centre in the Northwest Passage area. Currently new funding is in place for the Iqaluit| Canadian Rangers junior members. The Canadian Rangers is a military reservist unit which monitors Arctic outposts for the Canadian government. In the early morning hours of July 31, 2008, an explosion was reported by an Inuit member of the Canadian Rangers. The explosion occurred near the Borden Peninusla on the northwest coast of Baffin island. Department of National Defence DND’s Joint Task Force Northern headquarters knew of no activity in the area other than an Inuit hunting party. The RCMP’s Operation Nunakput sent over Aurora aircraft. Parks Canada sent out a boat from Sirmilik National Park located on Bylot Island.

Enhancements of the maritime infrastructure, inspection stations, and monitoring of shipping and sea traffic vehicles in the Northern Sea Route are underway. The Northern Canada Traffic Regulation System, (NORDREG) is run by Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS). The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has the

legislative authority to provide services for the safe, economical and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waters

– Oceans Act section 41

Environment Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) offers the Canadian Ice Service. Ship related impacts, safety of ships, life and property and the marine environment is under the mandate of Marine Safety, the National Authority. The Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System works in conjunction with the NORDREG system. The Canadian Arctic Night and Day Imaging Surveillance System, CANDISS, has been established to secure the Northwest passageway between Devon Island and Baffin Island. RADARSAT-2 is a new Canadian satellite system which provides polarimetric data which provides information regarding ice edge detection, glacier termini, ice types, as well as leads and open water or ship navigation and safety. Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a new deep water naval port to be constructed at Nanisivik, open the military training center located at Resolute Bay, purchase a dozen transport planes, 8 Arctic patrol vessels and another icebreaker, upgrade the Aurora surveillance planes, and test surface and underwater sensors. The crew of the Franklin Expedition of 1845 perished after their ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Map of Franklin's lost expedition.  Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition.  This image is a file photo Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Map of Franklin’s lost expedition. Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. This image is a file photo
Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. Robert Grenier, Parks Canada underwater archeologist, and Louie Kamoukak, Inuit historian are on a six week search aboard the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Sir Wilred Laurier. Grenier has previously discovered at Red Bay, Labrador two 16th century whaling ships. This project will cover between 400 to 800 kilometers square encompassing the Victoria Strait southern edge, Queen Maud Gulf eastern edge, and around the O’Reilly and Kirkwall Islands near the Nunavut northern coastline.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is spending three days between August 26, to August 29, 2008, visiting Inuvik, N.W.T., Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., and Dawson City, Yukon. Floyd Roland, Premier of the North West Territories has requested a Mackenzie Valley Highway providing a transportation corridor linking the Northern territories with the provinces of Canada. The Prime Minister is expected to make two announcements. In Tuktoyaktuk Harper declared on August 27, 2008, that it is now mandatory and not voluntary that any large ships sailing into Canada’s Arctic waters to make a report to the Canadian Coast Guard. The C$16.2-billion 1,200-kilometre long Mackenzie Valley natural gas pipeline is a government priority which will enable further infrastructure programs such as additional ports and highways.

Source

  • “New roads, port for N.W.T. hinge on pipeline: Harper”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda “New Arctic protection rules could be tough sell abroad: Harper”. Canwest News Service, August 27, 2008
  • “Gov’t announces cash for geo-mapping Arctic”. The StarPhoenix, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper lands in Inuvik for northern tour”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Harper looks to reap Arctic bounty”. The Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Harper returns to North”. The Globe and Mail, August 24, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada’s Arctic sovereignty bid begins in ‘busy place'”. National Post, August 22, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Melting Beaufort Sea a hotbed of international activity”. The StarPhoenix, August 21, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda and Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 17, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada embarks on search for Franklin’s lost ships”. The StarPhoenix, August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Parks Canada to lead new search for Franklin ships”. Canwest News Service, August 15, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Northwest Passage navigable again this summer”. The StarPhoenix, August 14, 2008
  • “Harper heading north of 60 again for sovereignty swing”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 13, 2008
  • “Canada, US team up in key Arctic study”. The Age, August 12, 2008
  • Ed Struzik “Military probes mystery blast in Arctic”. Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Research quietly backs Canada’s claims on Arctic sovereignty”. Canwest News Service, August 7, 2008
  • David Ljunggren “Giant chunks break off Canadian ice shelf”. Canwest News Service, July 30, 2008
  • “U of S professor to visit Canadian Arctic during Operation NANOOK 2008”. University of Saskatchewan, 2008
  • “Science cements Arctic claim, Russia says; Disputed Lomonosov Ridge key to claiming vast untapped resources”. University of Alberta, September 21, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Danes pipe up with their own North Pole claims”. National Post, August 10, 2007
  • David Jackson “Microsoft PowerPoint – Ice diminishing Arctic 10 July07.ppt The Impact of Arctic climate change on the CCG Icebreaking program and marine transportation.”. Icebreaking Program Canadian Coast Guard, July 11, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Russia poised to claim Arctic expanse on Canada’s doorstep”. Canwest News Service, Thursday, June 28, 2007
  • “Mapping continues along the Lomonosov Ridge”. Siku News, April 17, 2007
  • “RADARSAT-2 Information”. MacDonald Dettwiler, 1995-2008
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Ramifications of Arctic ice melting. International icebreakers collect geological data and conduct climate research.

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

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Beaufort Sea-  Canadian, Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research  This image is a file photo Image: M.Minderhoud.

Beaufort Sea– Canadian, Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research This image is a file photo
Image: M.Minderhoud.

Canadian, Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Canada’s seafloor mapping mission is underway as of August 21, 2008 ending October 2 if the waters remain ice-free. 2009 will be the third season of research. Future expeditions are planned for the Lomonosov and Alpha ridges to show bedrock connections between the seabed and Ellesmere Island. Besides the C$34 committed to Verhoef’s Polar Continental Shelf Project, Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, announced August 26, 2008 that the Canadian government is committed to spending C$100 million for geomapping of northern oil, gas and mineral resources. One a visit to Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, Stephen Harper announced constructions of a C$16.2-billion 1,200-kilometre long Mackenzie Valley natural gas pipeline will enable further infrastructure programs such as additional ports and highways. Indigenous peoples in the arctic lands form a minority except in Canada and Greenland. They are therefore, particularly vulnerable to immigration and settlement due to resource development. Harper also announced that the 200 nautical mile zone extending from Canada’s shores pollution free with firmer environmental regulations.

The permafrost region store more top soil which have not decomposted than previously estimated.  Image: NSIDC.

The permafrost region store more top soil which have not decomposted than previously estimated.
Image: NSIDC.

Ice sheets 20 kilometers square broke off the shelf on Ward Hunt Island near Ellesmere Island at the end of July 2008 due to strong south winds. The Ward Hunt Shelf measures about 401 kilometers square. The ice shelf at Ellesmere Island was as large as 9,065 kilometers square, and is now broken into 5 smaller shelves which combined are almost 1,036 kilometers square. The ice break up is resulting in more navigable waters and more transit activity. In 2007, the ice cover was 14M kilometers square shrinking to just over 4M kilometers square. This spring the 14M kilometers square of ice shrank to 6.5M kilometers square. 1M kilometers square of ice shrank between August 1 and August 10, 2008 due to windy stormy conditions.

a navigable corridor surely exists now as one can avoid the various ice floes.

– Luc Desjardins, Canadian Ice Service forecaster

Permafrost when melting will release carbon as greenhouse gases in a process called cryoturbation Image: Hannes Grobe.

Permafrost when melting will release carbon as greenhouse gases in a process called cryoturbation
Image: Hannes Grobe.

Melting Permafrost releases carbon as greenhouse gases in a process called cryoturbation. The journal of Nature Geoscience released a new study August, 24, 2008 which states that more carbon amounts are stored than previously estimated. The freezing and cracking effects of arctic soils allows for “Frost boils” which allow topsoils to fall to deeper depths. This topsoil has not decomposed as they are in contact with the deep permafrost. Climate change will allow this soil to decompose, releasing carbon gases into the atmosphere. The Arctic ocean is also experiencing methane burps from underwater gas hydrates. Without the white polar ice cap, there is less sun reflected back, therefore the oceans are absorbing more heat, and warming faster.

permafrost polygons on the ground.Image: United States Geological Survey.

permafrost polygons on the ground.
Image: United States Geological Survey.

Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Director Bedford Institute of Oceanography, is heading Canada’s project aboard Coast Guard icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent. The U.S. Coast Guard cutter Healy offered to break ice for the Canadian project. The Xuelong or Snow Dragon is the icebreaker from China which entered the Canada Basin near Beaufort Sea. Polarstern, the German researcher’s icebreaker will meet with Canadian scientists in the Beaufort Sea. Besides strengthening Canada’s sovereignty, Prime Minister Stephen Harper supports

protecting our environmental heritage, promoting economic and social development, and improving and devolving governance, so that northerners have greater control over their destinies.

– Throne Speech

Five nations attended the Greenland summit last May. The Illulissat Declaration was signed by Danish, Canadian, Russian, Norwegian and American government officials. The polar treaty de-escalated tensions as all nations agreed to follow United Nations regulations in dividing sea-floor territory. All nations agreed also to co-operate on developing environmental regulations, security, scientific research, search and rescue, transportation and tourism issues.

Climate research and seafloor  mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo Image: CIA World Factbook.

Climate research and seafloor mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo
Image: CIA World Factbook.

The Canadian and Danish governments are collaborating in a program named LORITA-1 (Lomonosov Ridge Test of Appurtenance) to conduct seabed surveys of the Lomonosov Ridge. Under this collaboration, disputes have been set aside regarding ownership of Hans Island, and a section of the Lincoln Sea between the Queen Charlotte Islands and Greenland. Russia as well as Canada and Denmark are preparing reports compliant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding sea floor mapping. This seafloor mapping endeavour will show which undersea territories are linked geologically with either its mainland or Arctic Islands. The Canadian research will cover the Beaufort Sea of the western Arctic, the Lomonosov Ridge of the eastern Arctic and the Alpha Ridge of the central Arctic.

Plate reconstructions that require the Lomonsov Ridge to be attached to the North American and Greenland plates are consistent with our data

– Trine Dahl-Jensen, Ruth Jackson, Deping Chian, John Shield, and Gordon Oakley of the Canadian Danish study

The research entitled Crustal Structure from the Lincoln Sea to the Lomonsov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, was presented at the The 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo 2008 (August 5-14, 2008). The findings are also submitted to the 2009 Journal of Geophysical Research according to Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Geoscientist.

The United States and Canadian governments are also cooperating on defining the Arctic ocean continental shelf. Canada uses specialized seismic systems to measure the thickness of seabed sediments, and the United States uses a High resolution bathymetric system that shows the contours of the ocean floor. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) traditionally holds that countries have ownership of a 370 kilometer coastal zone for economic development unless proof can be shown that the seabed area is a coastal extension to the country. Canada has until 2013 to offer their submission to UNCLOS. Russia ratified UNCLOS in 1997, subsequently submitting a land claim in respect to the Lomonosov ridge to the United Nations in 2001 which was rejected as not substantiated with scientific evidence. The United States has not ratified UNCLOS at all. The triangular area in the Beaufort Sea, 12,000 km square, west of the Canadian arctic islands, and north of Alaska is not to be studied during this mapping expedition.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo
Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies University of Saskatchewan with expertise on circumpolar affairs and Northern politics, and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit August 22 and August 23. Greg Poelzer was the founding Dean of Undergraduate Studies for the University of the Arctic, and co-author (with Ken Coates, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Bill Morrison) of the soon to be released book, Arctic Front, Defending Canada in the Far North. Poelzer will observe the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of National Defence roles and capabilities. Poelzer will also have the opportunity to see federal official relations and policy response to new challenges. Operation NANNY a Canadian Armed Forces venture aboard HMCS Toronto occurred August 19, 2008 and concluded August 26, 2008. Operation NANOOK 2008‘s operation to prepare for disaster relief which overlapped Operation NANNY. UArctic was established in June of 2001 is a network of 110 Canadian, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and American universities and colleges. The European Union, Japan Norway, Russia, Denmark, and the United States have increased interest in the Arctic. Canada believes the Northwest Passage is a territorial waterway of Canada, yet others feel that the Northwest Passage is an international strait.

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. The U.S. white house is preparing an Arctic policy. Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed in 2007 to construct an Arctic combat training centre in the Northwest Passage area. Currently new funding is in place for the Iqaluit| Canadian Rangers junior members. The Canadian Rangers is a military reservist unit which monitors Arctic outposts for the Canadian government. In the early morning hours of July 31, 2008, an explosion was reported by an Inuit member of the Canadian Rangers. The explosion occurred near the Borden Peninusla on the northwest coast of Baffin island. Department of National Defence DND’s Joint Task Force Northern headquarters knew of no activity in the area other than an Inuit hunting party. The RCMP’s Operation Nunakput sent over Aurora aircraft. Parks Canada sent out a boat from Sirmilik National Park located on Bylot Island.

Enhancements of the maritime infrastructure, inspection stations, and monitoring of shipping and sea traffic vehicles in the Northern Sea Route are underway. The Northern Canada Traffic Regulation System, (NORDREG) is run by Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS). The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has the

legislative authority to provide services for the safe, economical and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waters

– Oceans Act section 41

Environment Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) offers the Canadian Ice Service. Ship related impacts, safety of ships, life and property and the marine environment is under the mandate of Marine Safety, the National Authority. The Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System works in conjunction with the NORDREG system. The Canadian Arctic Night and Day Imaging Surveillance System, CANDISS, has been established to secure the Northwest passageway between Devon Island and Baffin Island. RADARSAT-2 is a new Canadian satellite system which provides polarimetric data which provides information regarding ice edge detection, glacier termini, ice types, as well as leads and open water or ship navigation and safety. Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a new deep water naval port to be constructed at Nanisivik, open the military training center located at Resolute Bay, purchase a dozen transport planes, 8 Arctic patrol vessels and another icebreaker, upgrade the Aurora surveillance planes, and test surface and underwater sensors. The new $720-million ice breaker will be named the John G. Diefenbaker. The crew of the Franklin Expedition of 1845 perished after their ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Map of Franklin's lost expedition.  Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition.  This image is a file photo Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Map of Franklin’s lost expedition. Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. This image is a file photo
Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. Robert Grenier, Parks Canada underwater archeologist, and Louie Kamoukak, Inuit historian are on a six week search aboard the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Sir Wilred Laurier. Grenier has previously discovered at Red Bay, Labrador two 16th century whaling ships. This project will cover between 400 to 800 kilometers square encompassing the Victoria Strait southern edge, Queen Maud Gulf eastern edge, and around the O’Reilly and Kirkwall Islands near the Nunavut northern coastline.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is spending three days between August 26, to August 29, 2008, visiting Inuvik, N.W.T., Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., and Dawson City, Yukon. Floyd Roland, Premier of the North West Territories has requested a Mackenzie Valley Highway providing a transportation corridor linking the Northern territories with the provinces of Canada. In Tuktoyaktuk Harper declared on August 27, 2008, that it is now mandatory and not voluntary that any large ships sailing into Canada’s Arctic waters to make a report to the Canadian Coast Guard. The C$16.2-billion 1,200-kilometre long Mackenzie Valley natural gas pipeline is a government priority which will enable further infrastructure programs such as additional ports and highways. Harper also announced that the 200 nautical mile zone extending from Canada’s shores pollution free with firmer environmental regulations.

Source

  • Irene Collins “The Arctic Region Is Going Through Scary Changes”. eFluxMedia, August 30, 2008
  • Livescience “Scientists Fear Increasing Temperatures Will Release Vast Amount of Carbon Frozen in Arctic Soil”. Imaginova, August 28, 2008
  • Arctic Pollution Issues: A State of the Arctic Environment Report. Stefansson Arctic Institute, 2004. Arctic Human Development Report. “New icebreaker to be named after former Tory chief”. UNEP/GRID-Arendal, 2008
  • CTV.ca News Staff “New icebreaker to be named after former Tory chief”. CTV Television Network, August 28, 2008
  • “New Arctic icebreaker to be named after Diefenbaker”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 28, 2008
  • Andrea Thompson, “Vast Amount of Arctic Carbon Could Be Released”. Imaginova, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper talks tough on Arctic enforcement”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • “New roads, port for N.W.T. hinge on pipeline: Harper”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda “New Arctic protection rules could be tough sell abroad: Harper”. Canwest News Service, August 27, 2008
  • “Gov’t announces cash for geo-mapping Arctic”. The StarPhoenix, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper lands in Inuvik for northern tour”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • David Biello “Not-So-Permafrost: Big Thaw of Arctic Soil May Unleash Runaway Warming”. Scientific American, AAugust 26, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Harper looks to reap Arctic bounty”. The Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Harper returns to North”. The Globe and Mail, August 24, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada’s Arctic sovereignty bid begins in ‘busy place'”. National Post, August 22, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Melting Beaufort Sea a hotbed of international activity”. Canwest News Service, August 21, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda and Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 17, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada embarks on search for Franklin’s lost ships”. The StarPhoenix, August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Parks Canada to lead new search for Franklin ships”. Canwest News Service, August 15, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Northwest Passage navigable again this summer”. The StarPhoenix, August 14, 2008
  • “Harper heading north of 60 again for sovereignty swing”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 13, 2008
  • “Canada, US team up in key Arctic study”. The Age, August 12, 2008
  • Ed Struzik “Military probes mystery blast in Arctic”. Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Research quietly backs Canada’s claims on Arctic sovereignty”. Canwest News Service, August 7, 2008
  • David Ljunggren “Giant chunks break off Canadian ice shelf”. Canwest News Service, July 30, 2008
  • “U of S professor to visit Canadian Arctic during Operation NANOOK 2008”. University of Saskatchewan, 2008
  • “Science cements Arctic claim, Russia says; Disputed Lomonosov Ridge key to claiming vast untapped resources”. University of Alberta, September 21, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Danes pipe up with their own North Pole claims”. National Post, August 10, 2007
  • David Jackson “Microsoft PowerPoint – Ice diminishing Arctic 10 July07.ppt The Impact of Arctic climate change on the CCG Icebreaking program and marine transportation.”. Icebreaking Program Canadian Coast Guard, July 11, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Russia poised to claim Arctic expanse on Canada’s doorstep”. Canwest News Service, Thursday, June 28, 2007
  • “Mapping continues along the Lomonosov Ridge”. Siku News, April 17, 2007
  • “RADARSAT-2 Information”. MacDonald Dettwiler, 1995-2008
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July 6, 2007

Scientists uncover oldest known DNA on Earth

Filed under: Archived,Biology,Denmark,Greenland,Science and technology — admin @ 5:00 am

Scientists uncover oldest known DNA on Earth

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Friday, July 6, 2007

Animation of the structure of a section of DNA.
Image: Richard Wheeler.

Ice samples retrieved from 1.2 miles (2 km) beneath the surface of Greenland have uncovered the oldest known samples of DNA from insects. The samples, estimated to be 450,000-900,000 years old, have also shown that no more than one million years ago, Greenland was once home to forests and animal life.

“We have shown for the first time that southern Greenland, which is hidden under 2 km of ice, was once very different to the Greenland we see today. Back then, it was inhabited by a diverse array of conifer trees and insects,” said Professor and leader of the team who made the discovery, at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, Eske Willerslev.

“This genetic material presents a biological environment which is completely different to today. We have found grain, pine, yew and alder. These correspond to the landscapes we find in eastern Canada and in Swedish forests today,” added Willerslev.

Willerslev also says that because of the presence of the yews, the temperatures in that area of Greenland could not have been “lower than -17 degrees Celsius” and that with the variety of other trees, the summer temperatures were no lower than “10 degrees Celsius.”

These findings could change the history of Greenland. The current theory is that Greenland was free from its ice no more than 125,000 years ago. The results of the findings now suggest that Greenland may have been covered with ice for at least 450,000 years.

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November 19, 2006

ELF Cup kicks off in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

ELF Cup kicks off in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

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Sunday, November 19, 2006

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The football (soccer) tournament ELF Cup (Equality, Liberty, Fraternity Cup) kicked off today at 18:30 (EET) today between Crimea and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Atatürk Stadium, Lefkoşa, TRNC.

Eight teams are participating in the first edition of the ELF Cup, making it the largest New Federations Board tournament ever. NF-Board teams Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Greenland, Tibet, Zanzibar will be joined by FIFA’s Asian Football Confederation sides Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and non-aligned sides Crimea and Gǎgǎuzia.

The cup is conceived of two groups, with top two teams progressing to the semi-finals. Group A features Gǎgǎuzia, Greenland, Kyrgyzstan, and Zanzibar; while Group B features Crimea, Tajikistan, Tibet and the hosts Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

The event cost the hosts 340,000 YTL, of which they expect to cover half through turnout. Head of Cyprus Turkish Football Federation (Kıbrıs Türk Futbol Federasyonu, KTFF) Niyazi Okutan called for Turkish Cypriots to come and support their national team.



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August 18, 2006

US senators on Greenland tour

US senators on Greenland tour – Wikinews, the free news source

US senators on Greenland tour

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Friday, August 18, 2006

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U.S. Senator John McCain will next observe the effects of global warming on Greenland. The Danish government has invited a number of influential American politicians to visit for them to witness with their own eyes the consequences of climate change on the Arctic ice.

Last year 25 Environmental Ministers from all over the world were treated to a similar tour. Last week American scientists from University of Texas at Austin released a study that showed that the ice is melting three times faster now than in the late nineties.

Sermeq Kujatdlek Glacier

Among several senators participating in the trip is former presidential candidate John McCain. From the Danish side, Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller and Minister for the Environment Connie Hedegaard will be on the tour.

“We have to realize, that the current president hasn’t in mind to do anything, but John McCain can be key to that process in the U.S.” Connie Hedegaard said to DR’s radio news.

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