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April 25, 2014

UK announces £200 million polar research ship

UK announces £200 million polar research ship

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Friday, April 25, 2014

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UK Chancellor George Osborne today announced a new £200 million research ship to ply Arctic and Antarctic waters.

Cquote1.svg The new vessel will make Nerc’s entire fleet, ton for ton, the most advanced scientific fleet in the world Cquote2.svg

—Nerc boss Professor Duncan Wingham

“One of the final frontiers in the world where there is still much discovery to be done are the polar oceans” said Osborne, explaining “our two current polar exploration ships are nearing the end of their life and need replacing. So I am delighted that we are investing in a new polar research ship to carry cutting edge British technology to put British scientists at the forefront of research in both the Antarctic and the Arctic oceans”.

The icebreaking ship is to belong to the British Antarctic Survey and is funded from a £7 billion pot earmarked for science over the next six or seven years. Osborne told those gathered at Cambridge‘s Laboratory of Molecular Biology today he had “made it [his] personal priority in government to support [scientific] endeavour.”

RRS James Clark Ross, one of two aging ships currently filling the role.
Image: Tom L-C.

Funding body the Natural Environment Research Council (Nerc) says the current ships, RRS James Clark Ross and RRS Ernest Shackleton, are to carry on operating at least until 2020. They were built in 1990 and 1995 respectively; RRS Ernest Shackleton is a leased Norwegian vessel. The new vessel is intended to be able to stay in the field longer and, unlike RRS James Clark Ross, feature a helipad.

Other specifications include the ability to launch unmanned submarines and scientific gliders, devices towed behind ships to gather data, as well as power through 2m (6.6ft) thick ice at three knots.

Osborne also announced the start of consultations on how to spend the rest of the £7 billion. The announcements come shortly after Nerc completed upgrades to ocean-going ‘bluewater’ ships RRS Discovery and RRS James Cook. “The new vessel will make Nerc’s entire fleet, ton for ton, the most advanced scientific fleet in the world” according to Nerc head Professor Duncan Wingham, speaking to the BBC.



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September 3, 2010

Wikinews Shorts: September 2, 2010

Wikinews Shorts: September 2, 2010 – Wikinews, the free news source

Wikinews Shorts: September 2, 2010

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A compilation of brief news reports for Thursday, September 2, 2010.

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Shorts: Abbas, Netanyahu to meet regularly[]

Saturday, September 4, 2010

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu have agreed to meet again in 10–11 days within the region, and every two weeks thereafter, according to U.S. Middle East diplomat George Mitchell. The two leaders are engaged in the first direct talks between the nations in more than two years, hosted by Israel’s ally the United States in Washington, DC.

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In brief: Fuel tanker aground in Northwest Passage[]

Friday, September 3, 2010

No oil is reported leaking from the Woodward’s Oil fuel tanker The Nanny aground in the Northwest Passage off the coast of Nunavut. The 110 metre (360 ft) tanker was carrying 9 million liters (2.4 million gallons) of diesel fuel to remote settlements in Canada’s Arctic regions when it grounded on a sandbar. Last week the cruise ship Clipper Adventurer struck an uncharted rock in the same region, trapping 110 tourists and crew aboard for the two days it took the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker to reach the ship. On August 27th another Woodward’s tanker, the Mokami, ran aground near Pangnirtung.

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Wikinews Shorts: September 3, 2010/Fuel tanker aground in Northwest Passage

Wikinews Shorts: September 3, 2010/Fuel tanker aground in Northwest Passage

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Friday, September 3, 2010

No oil is reported leaking from the Woodward’s Oil fuel tanker The Nanny aground in the Northwest Passage off the coast of Nunavut. The 110 metre (360 ft) tanker was carrying 9 million liters (2.4 million gallons) of diesel fuel to remote settlements in Canada’s Arctic regions when it grounded on a sandbar. Last week the cruise ship Clipper Adventurer struck an uncharted rock in the same region, trapping 110 tourists and crew aboard for the two days it took the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker to reach the ship. On August 27th another Woodward’s tanker, the Mokami, ran aground near Pangnirtung.

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June 21, 2009

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday

Filed under: Archived,Arctic,Denmark,Greenland,Politics and conflicts,World — admin @ 5:00 am

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday – Wikinews, the free news source

Greenland assumes self rule Sunday

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Sunday, June 21, 2009

Greenland, population over 57,000, assumes the national right of self government today. The occasion will be honoured in the nation’s capital, Nuuk, by the Danish monarch Queen Margrethe II, the current Head of State.

Nuuk, Greenland

With the ceremony, Kalaallisut becomes the official language of the mainly Inuit island, and Greenland will become the only country in North America where an indigenous language has official status nationwide. Newly elected Prime Minister of Greenland Kuupik Kleist will embark on an agenda of tackling social and education challenges and increasing independence.

This step follows Greenland’s November referendum concerning independence from Denmark and continues the development of self government in the country. Sunday marks when Greenland is internationally recognized as an independent country with control over its natural resources, police and judicial matters. Denmark will still maintain responsibility for Greenland’s foreign affairs, finances and defense.

In 1985, Greenland withdrew from the European Union, of which Denmark remains a member.

Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

The government has declared June 21 as Greenland’s National Day, which is to be a national holiday. June 21 is also the Summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the longest day of the year, a day when much of Greenland will receive continuous daylight for 24 hours.



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December 10, 2008

Wikinews Shorts: December 10, 2008

Wikinews Shorts: December 10, 2008 – Wikinews, the free news source

Wikinews Shorts: December 10, 2008

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A compilation of brief news reports for Wednesday, December 10, 2008.

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United Kingdom to begin withdrawing troops from Iraq

Flag of the British Army

According to a senior defence source, there are plans to start withdrawing British armed forces from Iraq in March of next year. A large portion of the 5,500 troops are to return home within a year or less. It had been previously considered that the army could start leaving in January.

The Sunday Times reports that this plan has been recommended by Lieutenant-General Graeme Lamb, the deputy coalition commander and the most senior British officer in Iraq. It, however, has not yet won the approval of the Chief of Joint Operations, Lieutenant-General Nick Houghton.

The withdrawal would allow the troops and resources to move to Afghanistan.

Sources


Pilots rescued from ice flow south of Baffin Island

Baffin Island

Two pilots who crashed their aeroplane in frigid waters south of Baffin Island in northern Canada were rescued Tuesday, after being stranded on an ice floe in for eighteen hours in temperatures as low as -20°C.

The pilots’ aeroplane, a Cessna Skymaster, was scheduled for a flight from Wabush, Newfoundland, to Iqaluit. Both the aircraft’s engines cut out over the Hudson Strait. The pilots were forced to send a mayday call and ditch the aeroplane.

The pilots were eventually rescued by a fishing boat named the Atlantic Enterprise, which had traveled 290 kilometres out of its due path after hearing the pilot’s mayday call.

The two pilots involved in the accident were Troels Hansen, aged 45, and Oliver Edwards-Neil, aged 25.

Sources


Somali pirates foil revolt plan by hostages onboard ship

Somali pirates standing guard aboard the Faina.

An anonymous pirate told the AFP news agency that crew members of the MV Faina, a Ukranian ship that had been seized by pirates two and a half months ago, attempted to “harm” two of their captors. The ship is reportedly carrying 33 battle tanks, as well as other military weapons.

“Some crew members on the Ukrainian ship are misbehaving,” the pirate said.

A foreign ministry spokesman for Ukraine stated that he had not received any information about this.

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October 28, 2008

Arctic ice thickness decreasing, suggests satellite data study

Arctic ice thickness decreasing, suggests satellite data study

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Tuesday, October 28, 2008

First definitive proof for overall decrease in Arctic ice volume

A recent study based on satellite radar altimetry indicates drastic thinning of Arctic ice during the winter of 2007. It was found that the ice thickness had been fairly constant for the five previous winters. The researchers were able to highlight widespread ice thinning in areas covered by both old and young ice. This thinning constitutes the most severe since records started being taken in the early 1990s.

The study by scientists of University College London has been published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The work provides the first definitive proof for overall decrease in Arctic ice volume, claim the authors.

The researchers have found that last winter’s ice thickness represented a decrease of an average of 26 centimeters below the 2002-2008 winter average. The greatest decline of 49 centimeters was in the western Arctic, which could explain the region’s becoming relatively ice-free this summer, allowing it to be open to shipping for the first time in 30 years. The record low of ice thickness during summer happened when the weather was not abnormally warm.

Cquote1.svg About five years ago, the average projection for the sea ice disappearing was about 2080. But the ice minimums, and this evidence of melting, suggests that we should favor the models that suggest the sea ice will disappear by 2030-2040, but there is still a lot of uncertainty. Cquote2.svg

—Dr Seymour Laxon, University College London

Katharine Giles, the lead author, points out that the study used satellite data sets, which had a number of advantages over other methods. Previous studies have used measurements from drilling, or submarine and airborne surveys. These studies could be severely limited by time and space. The present study utilized continuous, all-weather, day-and-night radar altimeter data from the European Space Agency’s Envisat satellite. The study measured ice thickness from October to March, 2007, over more than half of the Arctic.

There has been considerable uncertainty over the causes of ice loss in the Arctic. It has been debated that ice could have been piled up against the coast, thus reducing the sea ice extent. Measurements of the ice thickness, as in the present study, give definite proof for ice melting. “So this means melting; it doesn’t mean that the ice has just been pushed up against the coastline,” remark Seymour Laxon, co-author of the paper.

The conclusions of the study can help predict what could happen with the ice cover in future. Deflection of sunlight by the Arctic ice cap could be reduced, leading to larger areas of water, which can absorb heat. Warmer temperatures will in turn promote more ice melting. “About five years ago, the average projection for the sea ice disappearing was about 2080”, said Dr Laxon. “But the ice minimums, and this evidence of melting, suggests that we should favor the models that suggest the sea ice will disappear by 2030-2040, but there is still a lot of uncertainty.”



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August 28, 2008

73M-year-old fossilized fish found in Canada

Thursday, August 28, 2008

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Canadian Museum of Nature or Victoria Memorial Museum Building
Image: SimonP in January 2005.

Scientists of the United Kingdom-based Royal Society released a paper August 1, 2008 which studied Cretaceous era fossil finds found at the northern area of Devon Island in the 1980s. Nunavutospongia irregulara is the name of the new species of sponge found, released by Proceedings B the Royal Society’s biological research journal.

Thick bones and armour-like scales have been found that are believed to belong to a new species of fish which grew up to two meters long. Thousands of fossilized feces – termed coprolites – both small and as large as an arm have been found. Coral reef fossils, conifer wood debris, fossil wood chunks and thousands of plankton and microbes have been found both at Devon Island and Beechy Island. Beechy Island is connected to Devon Island during times of low tide.

Two areas on Devon Island about 30 kilometres apart are providing Cretaceous fossil finds, and each is kilometres in length. These areas are khaki-coloured valley greensands rich in fossil beds, which provide a peek at life 73 million years ago. During the Cretaceous Devon Island was located in a position with a warmer climate, large trees grew north of Baffin Island, and plesiosaurs, ichthyodectid fish, and sharks roamed the waters of the Arctic. Devon Island was submerged under warm water in the Cretaceous period, when the island was situated hundreds of kilometres south of its current location due to continental drift.

At the upper Kanguk Formation, the fossil finds represent offshore and near-shore sedimentary deposits on an ocean floor. The warmer temperate waters supported benthic invertebrates (organisms such as larva that live on the bottom of a water body) and large predatory vertebrates. Whereas life is currently supported by nutrients from the sea ice, Cretaceous sea life was supported by terrigenous resources from forested landscapes.

The eight-member team from the Royal Society consists of Canadian, United States and Polish researchers. The fossil specimens are held at the Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa on behalf of the Nunavut territorial government.


Sources

  • Randy Boswell “Arctic fossil ield yields sea serpents, shark teeth”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 22, 2008
  • “Life In A Temperate Polar Sea: A Unique Taphonomic Window On The Structure Of A Late Cretaceous Arctic Marine Ecosystem”. Medical News Today, August 20, 2008
  • Dave Grant “Coral Reef Fossils – Devon Island, Canada: Plankton, Seabirds and Icebergs”. Brookdale Community College, August 2006
  • Karen Chin, John Bloch, Justin Tweet, Jaelyn Eberle, Stephen Cumbaa. Benthic-pelagic coupling in the upper Cretaceous high arctic; evidence from a suite of unusual polar coprolites. Geological Society of America, 2004; Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5: 380.


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August 27, 2008

Operation NANOOK 2008 travels through uncharted waters

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

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the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency attended the official launch of ceremonies. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay's visit to Brazil. Image: Elza Fiúza.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency attended the official launch of ceremonies. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay’s visit to Brazil.
Image: Elza Fiúza.

Operation NANOOK 2008 was held from August 11, 2008 through August 25, 2008 by the Canadian National Defence and the Canadian Forces for the purpose of conducting mock emergency rescue operations for potential maritime disasters in the Canadian eastern arctic waters.

Two Canadian navy ships and two airforce planes, CC-138 Twin Otter and CP-140 Aurora, took part in the exercises in the Canada’s northeastern arctic waters. The HMCS Toronto and the Canadian Coast Guard ship Pierre Radisson travelled along the Hudson Strait. The Operation extended to Davis Strait, and Frobisher Bay during the annual NANOOK Operation. There have been 18 such humanitarian operations since 2002. As more Arctic ice melts, the ships sail through uncharted waters. Emergency response times were tested for such potential disasters as oil spills, or rescue operations such as responding to cruise ship emergencies.

General Walter Natynczyk, Canada’s chief of Defence staff, the Honourable Peter MacKay, Defence Minister as well as Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, and Steven Fletcher, Member of Parliament for Charleswood–St. James–Assiniboia and Parliamentary Secretary for Health, flew to Iqaluit, Nunavut to officially launch the exercise on August 19, 2008 and observe the process.

In addition to the military exercises, Veterans Affairs Canada held a commemorative event onboard the HMCS Toronto to honour the 55th Anniversary of the Cease Fire in Korea, the 65th Anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic, and the start of the Last 100 days of the First World War. The inaugural ceremonies were held during Community Day activities in the capital city of Iqaluit, followed by the public panel discussion held on Saturday. The community day ceremonies were organized by participants in Operation NANOOK 2008. The public ceremonies received neither Nunavut politicians nor Inuit leaders.

Source

  • “Ambulances, helicopters buzz around Iqaluit as Operation NANOOK wraps up”. CBC News, August 25, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda “DND/CF”. National Defence and the Canadian Forces, August 19, 2008
  • “Media Advisory: Canadian Forces Launch Operation NANOOK 2008”. MSNBC Wire Services – msnbc.com, Aug. 19, 2008
  • “Fletcher Attends Launch Of Operation NANOOK 2008”. Charleswood–St. James–Assiniboia, Aug. 19, 2008
  • “Calendar of Events – Veterans Affairs Canada”. The Canadian Press, August 19, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Military, civilian agencies practise for maritime disasters in Arctic manoeuvres”. The Canadian Press, August 17, 2008
  • “CTV.ca”. The Canadian Press, Aug. 16 2008
  • “NationTalk – Canadian Forces and Partners operate in the Eastern Arctic – General – Native Newswire”. Media Advisory NationTalk, August 6, 2008
  • “NANOOK of the North”. The Canadian Press, July 24, 2008
This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Canada invests in Arctic projects

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

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Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo Image: SFont.

Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo
Image: SFont.

Canada’s seafloor mapping mission is underway as of August 21, 2008 ending October 2 if the waters remain ice-free. 2009 will be the third season of research. Future expeditions are planned for the Lomonosov and Alpha ridges to show bedrock connections between the seabed and Ellesmere Island. Besides the C$34 committed to Verhoef’s Polar Continental Shelf Project, Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, announced August 26, 2008 that the Canadian government is committed to spending C$100 million for geomapping of northern oil, gas and mineral resources.

Climate research and seafloor  mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo Image: Geo Swan.

Climate research and seafloor mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo
Image: Geo Swan.

Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Director Bedford Institute of Oceanography, is heading Canada’s project aboard Coast Guard icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent. The U.S. Coast Guard cutter Healy offered to break ice for the Canadian project. The Xuelong or Snow Dragon is the icebreaker from China which entered the Canada Basin near Beaufort Sea. Polarstern, the German researcher’s icebreaker will meet with Canadian scientists in the Beaufort Sea. Besides strengthening Canada’s sovereignty, Prime Minister Stephen Harper supports

protecting our environmental heritage, promoting economic and social development, and improving and devolving governance, so that northerners have greater control over their destinies.

– Throne Speech

Five nations attended the Greenland summit last May. The Illulissat Declaration was signed by Danish, Canadian, Russian, Norwegian and American government officials. The polar treaty de-escalated tensions as all nations agreed to follow United Nations regulations in dividing sea-floor territory. All nations agreed also to co-operate on developing environmental regulations, security, scientific research, search and rescue, transportation and tourism issues. The Canadian and Danish governments are collaborating in a program named LORITA-1 (Lomonosov Ridge Test of Appurtenance) to conduct seabed surveys of the Lomonosov Ridge. Under this collaboration, disputes have been set aside regarding ownership of Hans Island, and a section of the Lincoln Sea between the Queen Charlotte Islands and Greenland. Russia as well as Canada and Denmark are preparing reports compliant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding sea floor mapping. This seafloor mapping endeavour will show which undersea territories are linked geologically with either its mainland or Arctic Islands. The Canadian research will cover the Beaufort Sea of the western Arctic, the Lomonosov Ridge of the eastern Arctic and the Alpha Ridge of the central Arctic.

Plate reconstructions that require the Lomonsov Ridge to be attached to the North American and Greenland plates are consistent with our data

– Trine Dahl-Jensen, Ruth Jackson, Deping Chian, John Shield, and Gordon Oakley of the Canadian Danish study

The research entitled Crustal Structure from the Lincoln Sea to the Lomonsov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, was presented at the The 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo 2008 (August 5-14, 2008). The findings are also submitted to the 2009 Journal of Geophysical Research according to Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Geoscientist.

The United States and Canadian governments are also cooperating on defining the Arctic ocean continental shelf. Canada uses specialized seismic systems to measure the thickness of seabed sediments, and the United States uses a High resolution bathymetric system that shows the contours of the ocean floor. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) traditionally holds that countries have ownership of a 370 kilometer coastal zone for economic development unless proof can be shown that the seabed area is a coastal extension to the country. Canada has until 2013 to offer their submission to UNCLOS. Russia ratified UNCLOS in 1997, subsequently submitting a land claim in respect to the Lomonosov ridge to the United Nations in 2001 which was rejected as not substantiated with scientific evidence. The United States has not ratified UNCLOS at all. The triangular area in the Beaufort Sea, 12,000 km square, west of the Canadian arctic islands, and north of Alaska is not to be studied during this mapping expedition.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo
Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies University of Saskatchewan with expertise on circumpolar affairs and Northern politics, and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit August 22 and August 23. Greg Poelzer was the founding Dean of Undergraduate Studies for the University of the Arctic, and co-author (with Ken Coates, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Bill Morrison) of the soon to be released book, Arctic Front, Defending Canada in the Far North. Poelzer will observe the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of National Defence roles and capabilities. Poelzer will also have the opportunity to see federal official relations and policy response to new challenges. Operation NANNY a Canadian Armed Forces venture aboard HMCS Toronto occurred August 19, 2008 and concluded August 26, 2008. Operation NANOOK 2008‘s operation to prepare for disaster relief which overlapped Operation NANNY. UArctic was established in June of 2001 is a network of 110 Canadian, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and American universities and colleges. The European Union, Japan Norway, Russia, Denmark, and the United States have increased interest in the Arctic. Canada believes the Northwest Passage is a territorial waterway of Canada, yet others feel that the Northwest Passage is an international strait.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay's visit to Brazil. Image: Elza Fiúza.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay’s visit to Brazil.
Image: Elza Fiúza.

Ice sheets 20 kilometers square broke off the shelf on Ward Hunt Island near Ellesmere Island at the end of July 2008 due to strong south winds. The Ward Hunt Shelf measures about 401 kilometers square. The ice shelf at Ellesmere Island was as large as 9,065 kilometers square, and is now broken into 5 smaller shelves which combined are almost 1,036 kilometers square. The ice break up is resulting in more navigable waters and more transit activity. In 2007, the ice cover was 14M kilometers square shrinking to just over 4M kilometers square. This spring the 14M kilometers square of ice shrank to 6.5M kilometers square. 1M kilometers square of ice shrank between August 1 and August 10, 2008 due to windy stormy conditions.

a navigable corridor surely exists now as one can avoid the various ice floes.

– Luc Desjardins, Canadian Ice Service forecaster

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo
Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. The U.S. white house is preparing an Arctic policy. Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed in 2007 to construct an Arctic combat training centre in the Northwest Passage area. Currently new funding is in place for the Iqaluit| Canadian Rangers junior members. The Canadian Rangers is a military reservist unit which monitors Arctic outposts for the Canadian government. In the early morning hours of July 31, 2008, an explosion was reported by an Inuit member of the Canadian Rangers. The explosion occurred near the Borden Peninusla on the northwest coast of Baffin island. Department of National Defence DND’s Joint Task Force Northern headquarters knew of no activity in the area other than an Inuit hunting party. The RCMP’s Operation Nunakput sent over Aurora aircraft. Parks Canada sent out a boat from Sirmilik National Park located on Bylot Island.

Enhancements of the maritime infrastructure, inspection stations, and monitoring of shipping and sea traffic vehicles in the Northern Sea Route are underway. The Northern Canada Traffic Regulation System, (NORDREG) is run by Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS). The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has the

legislative authority to provide services for the safe, economical and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waters

– Oceans Act section 41

Environment Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) offers the Canadian Ice Service. Ship related impacts, safety of ships, life and property and the marine environment is under the mandate of Marine Safety, the National Authority. The Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System works in conjunction with the NORDREG system. The Canadian Arctic Night and Day Imaging Surveillance System, CANDISS, has been established to secure the Northwest passageway between Devon Island and Baffin Island. RADARSAT-2 is a new Canadian satellite system which provides polarimetric data which provides information regarding ice edge detection, glacier termini, ice types, as well as leads and open water or ship navigation and safety. Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a new deep water naval port to be constructed at Nanisivik, open the military training center located at Resolute Bay, purchase a dozen transport planes, 8 Arctic patrol vessels and another icebreaker, upgrade the Aurora surveillance planes, and test surface and underwater sensors. The crew of the Franklin Expedition of 1845 perished after their ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Map of Franklin's lost expedition.  Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition.  This image is a file photo Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Map of Franklin’s lost expedition. Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. This image is a file photo
Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. Robert Grenier, Parks Canada underwater archeologist, and Louie Kamoukak, Inuit historian are on a six week search aboard the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Sir Wilred Laurier. Grenier has previously discovered at Red Bay, Labrador two 16th century whaling ships. This project will cover between 400 to 800 kilometers square encompassing the Victoria Strait southern edge, Queen Maud Gulf eastern edge, and around the O’Reilly and Kirkwall Islands near the Nunavut northern coastline.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is spending three days between August 26, to August 29, 2008, visiting Inuvik, N.W.T., Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., and Dawson City, Yukon. Floyd Roland, Premier of the North West Territories has requested a Mackenzie Valley Highway providing a transportation corridor linking the Northern territories with the provinces of Canada. The Prime Minister is expected to make two announcements.

Source

  • Andrew Mayeda “New Arctic protection rules could be tough sell abroad: Harper”. Canwest News Service, August 27, 2008
  • “Gov’t announces cash for geo-mapping Arctic”. The StarPhoenix, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper lands in Inuvik for northern tour”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Harper looks to reap Arctic bounty”. The Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2008
  • “Canada’s Arctic sovereignty bid begins in ‘busy place'”. National Post, August 25, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Harper returns to North”. The Globe and Mail, August 24, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Melting Beaufort Sea a hotbed of international activity”. The StarPhoenix, August 21, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda and Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 17, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada embarks on search for Franklin’s lost ships”. The StarPhoenix, August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Parks Canada to lead new search for Franklin ships”. Canwest News Service, August 15, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Northwest Passage navigable again this summer”. The StarPhoenix, August 14, 2008
  • “Harper heading north of 60 again for sovereignty swing”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 13, 2008
  • “Canada, US team up in key Arctic study”. The Age, August 12, 2008
  • Ed Struzik “Military probes mystery blast in Arctic”. Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Research quietly backs Canada’s claims on Arctic sovereignty”. Canwest News Service, August 7, 2008
  • David Ljunggren “Giant chunks break off Canadian ice shelf”. Canwest News Service, July 30, 2008
  • “U of S professor to visit Canadian Arctic during Operation NANOOK 2008”. University of Saskatchewan, 2008
  • “Science cements Arctic claim, Russia says; Disputed Lomonosov Ridge key to claiming vast untapped resources”. University of Alberta, September 21, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Danes pipe up with their own North Pole claims”. National Post, August 10, 2007
  • David Jackson “Microsoft PowerPoint – Ice diminishing Arctic 10 July07.ppt The Impact of Arctic climate change on the CCG Icebreaking program and marine transportation.”. Icebreaking Program Canadian Coast Guard, July 11, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Russia poised to claim Arctic expanse on Canada’s doorstep”. Canwest News Service, Thursday, June 28, 2007
  • “Mapping continues along the Lomonosov Ridge”. Siku News, April 17, 2007
  • “RADARSAT-2 Information”. MacDonald Dettwiler, 1995-2008
This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

The true north strong and free. Canada fuels strong activity in Arctic waters free of ice

Wednesday, August 27, 2008

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Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo Image: SFont.

Honourable Stephen Harper Prime Minister is expected to make 2 announcements between August 26, to August 29, 2008 while visiting Inuvik. This image is a file photo
Image: SFont.

Canada’s seafloor mapping mission is underway as of August 21, 2008 ending October 2 if the waters remain ice-free. 2009 will be the third season of research. Future expeditions are planned for the Lomonosov and Alpha ridges to show bedrock connections between the seabed and Ellesmere Island. Besides the C$34 committed to Verhoef’s Polar Continental Shelf Project, Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, announced August 26, 2008 that the Canadian government is committed to spending C$100 million for geomapping of northern oil, gas and mineral resources.

Climate research and seafloor  mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo Image: Geo Swan.

Climate research and seafloor mapping is underway in the Beaufort Sea by Dr. Jacob Verhoef and several other countries. This image is a file photo
Image: Geo Swan.

Chinese, German, U.S., Japanese icebreakers are all gathering geological data and conducting climate research. Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Director Bedford Institute of Oceanography, is heading Canada’s project aboard Coast Guard icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent. The U.S. Coast Guard cutter Healy offered to break ice for the Canadian project. The Xuelong or Snow Dragon is the icebreaker from China which entered the Canada Basin near Beaufort Sea. Polarstern, the German researcher’s icebreaker will meet with Canadian scientists in the Beaufort Sea. Besides strengthening Canada’s sovereignty, Prime Minister Stephen Harper supports

protecting our environmental heritage, promoting economic and social development, and improving and devolving governance, so that northerners have greater control over their destinies.

– Throne Speech

Five nations attended the Greenland summit last May. The Illulissat Declaration was signed by Danish, Canadian, Russian, Norwegian and American government officials. The polar treaty de-escalated tensions as all nations agreed to follow United Nations regulations in dividing sea-floor territory. All nations agreed also to co-operate on developing environmental regulations, security, scientific research, search and rescue, transportation and tourism issues. The Canadian and Danish governments are collaborating in a program named LORITA-1 (Lomonosov Ridge Test of Appurtenance) to conduct seabed surveys of the Lomonosov Ridge. Under this collaboration, disputes have been set aside regarding ownership of Hans Island, and a section of the Lincoln Sea between the Queen Charlotte Islands and Greenland. Russia as well as Canada and Denmark are preparing reports compliant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding sea floor mapping. This seafloor mapping endeavour will show which undersea territories are linked geologically with either its mainland or Arctic Islands. The Canadian research will cover the Beaufort Sea of the western Arctic, the Lomonosov Ridge of the eastern Arctic and the Alpha Ridge of the central Arctic.

Plate reconstructions that require the Lomonsov Ridge to be attached to the North American and Greenland plates are consistent with our data

– Trine Dahl-Jensen, Ruth Jackson, Deping Chian, John Shield, and Gordon Oakley of the Canadian Danish study

The research entitled Crustal Structure from the Lincoln Sea to the Lomonsov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, was presented at the The 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo 2008 (August 5-14, 2008). The findings are also submitted to the 2009 Journal of Geophysical Research according to Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Geoscientist.

The United States and Canadian governments are also cooperating on defining the Arctic ocean continental shelf. Canada uses specialized seismic systems to measure the thickness of seabed sediments, and the United States uses a High resolution bathymetric system that shows the contours of the ocean floor. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) traditionally holds that countries have ownership of a 370 kilometer coastal zone for economic development unless proof can be shown that the seabed area is a coastal extension to the country. Canada has until 2013 to offer their submission to UNCLOS. Russia ratified UNCLOS in 1997, subsequently submitting a land claim in respect to the Lomonosov ridge to the United Nations in 2001 which was rejected as not substantiated with scientific evidence. The United States has not ratified UNCLOS at all. The triangular area in the Beaufort Sea, 12,000 km square, west of the Canadian arctic islands, and north of Alaska is not to be studied during this mapping expedition.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies U o S and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit. This image is a file photo
Image: Technicalglitch.

Greg Poelzer, associate professor of Political Studies University of Saskatchewan with expertise on circumpolar affairs and Northern politics, and Peter MacKay, Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, boarded the HMCS Toronto near Iqaluit August 22 and August 23. Greg Poelzer was the founding Dean of Undergraduate Studies for the University of the Arctic, and co-author (with Ken Coates, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Bill Morrison) of the soon to be released book, Arctic Front, Defending Canada in the Far North. Poelzer will observe the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of National Defence roles and capabilities. Poelzer will also have the opportunity to see federal official relations and policy response to new challenges. Operation NANNY a Canadian Armed Forces venture aboard HMCS Toronto occurred August 19, 2008 and concluded August 26, 2008. Operation NANOOK 2008‘s operation to prepare for disaster relief which overlapped Operation NANNY. UArctic was established in June of 2001 is a network of 110 Canadian, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and American universities and colleges. The European Union, Japan Norway, Russia, Denmark, and the United States have increased interest in the Arctic. Canada believes the Northwest Passage is a territorial waterway of Canada, yet others feel that the Northwest Passage is an international strait.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay's visit to Brazil. Image: Elza Fiúza.

the Honourable Peter MacKay Defence Minister and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency was onboard the HMCS Toronto with U of S associate professor of Political Studies, Greg Poelzer during Operation NANNY and Operation NANOOK. This image is a file photo of Peter MacKay’s visit to Brazil.
Image: Elza Fiúza.

Ice sheets 20 kilometers square broke off the shelf on Ward Hunt Island near Ellesmere Island at the end of July 2008 due to strong south winds. The Ward Hunt Shelf measures about 401 kilometers square. The ice shelf at Ellesmere Island was as large as 9,065 kilometers square, and is now broken into 5 smaller shelves which combined are almost 1,036 kilometers square. The ice break up is resulting in more navigable waters and more transit activity. In 2007, the ice cover was 14M kilometers square shrinking to just over 4M kilometers square. This spring the 14M kilometers square of ice shrank to 6.5M kilometers square. 1M kilometers square of ice shrank between August 1 and August 10, 2008 due to windy stormy conditions.

a navigable corridor surely exists now as one can avoid the various ice floes.

– Luc Desjardins, Canadian Ice Service forecaster

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. This image is a file photo
Image: United States Federal Government .

Commander General Victor Renuart, head of U.S. Northern Command and NORAD, and the Canadian U.S. North American Aerospace Defense Command is aware of the increased transit in the Arctic waters. The U.S. white house is preparing an Arctic policy. Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed in 2007 to construct an Arctic combat training centre in the Northwest Passage area. Currently new funding is in place for the Iqaluit| Canadian Rangers junior members. The Canadian Rangers is a military reservist unit which monitors Arctic outposts for the Canadian government. In the early morning hours of July 31, 2008, an explosion was reported by an Inuit member of the Canadian Rangers. The explosion occurred near the Borden Peninusla on the northwest coast of Baffin island. Department of National Defence DND’s Joint Task Force Northern headquarters knew of no activity in the area other than an Inuit hunting party. The RCMP’s Operation Nunakput sent over Aurora aircraft. Parks Canada sent out a boat from Sirmilik National Park located on Bylot Island.

Enhancements of the maritime infrastructure, inspection stations, and monitoring of shipping and sea traffic vehicles in the Northern Sea Route are underway. The Northern Canada Traffic Regulation System, (NORDREG) is run by Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS). The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has the

legislative authority to provide services for the safe, economical and efficient movement of ships in Canadian waters

– Oceans Act section 41

Environment Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) offers the Canadian Ice Service. Ship related impacts, safety of ships, life and property and the marine environment is under the mandate of Marine Safety, the National Authority. The Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System works in conjunction with the NORDREG system. The Canadian Arctic Night and Day Imaging Surveillance System, CANDISS, has been established to secure the Northwest passageway between Devon Island and Baffin Island. RADARSAT-2 is a new Canadian satellite system which provides polarimetric data which provides information regarding ice edge detection, glacier termini, ice types, as well as leads and open water or ship navigation and safety. Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a new deep water naval port to be constructed at Nanisivik, open the military training center located at Resolute Bay, purchase a dozen transport planes, 8 Arctic patrol vessels and another icebreaker, upgrade the Aurora surveillance planes, and test surface and underwater sensors. The crew of the Franklin Expedition of 1845 perished after their ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Map of Franklin's lost expedition.  Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition.  This image is a file photo Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Map of Franklin’s lost expedition. Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. This image is a file photo
Image: Finetooth, Kennonv, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Parks Canada is searching for the lost ships from the Franklin expedition. Robert Grenier, Parks Canada underwater archeologist, and Louie Kamoukak, Inuit historian are on a six week search aboard the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Sir Wilred Laurier. Grenier has previously discovered at Red Bay, Labrador two 16th century whaling ships. This project will cover between 400 to 800 kilometers square encompassing the Victoria Strait southern edge, Queen Maud Gulf eastern edge, and around the O’Reilly and Kirkwall Islands near the Nunavut northern coastline.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is spending three days between August 26, to August 29, 2008, visiting Inuvik, N.W.T., Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., and Dawson City, Yukon. Floyd Roland, Premier of the North West Territories has requested a Mackenzie Valley Highway providing a transportation corridor linking the Northern territories with the provinces of Canada. The Prime Minister is expected to make two announcements. In Tuktoyaktuk Harper declared on August 27, 2008, that it is now mandatory and not voluntary that any large ships sailing into Canada’s Arctic waters to make a report to the Canadian Coast Guard. The C$16.2-billion 1,200-kilometre long Mackenzie Valley natural gas pipeline is a government priority which will enable further infrastructure programs such as additional ports and highways.

Source

  • “New roads, port for N.W.T. hinge on pipeline: Harper”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda “New Arctic protection rules could be tough sell abroad: Harper”. Canwest News Service, August 27, 2008
  • “Gov’t announces cash for geo-mapping Arctic”. The StarPhoenix, August 27, 2008
  • “Harper lands in Inuvik for northern tour”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 27, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Harper looks to reap Arctic bounty”. The Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2008
  • Bob Weber “Harper returns to North”. The Globe and Mail, August 24, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada’s Arctic sovereignty bid begins in ‘busy place'”. National Post, August 22, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Melting Beaufort Sea a hotbed of international activity”. The StarPhoenix, August 21, 2008
  • Andrew Mayeda and Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 17, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Canada embarks on search for Franklin’s lost ships”. The StarPhoenix, August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Arctic Ambitions: Canada’s stake in the North”. Times-Colonist (Victoria), August 16, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Parks Canada to lead new search for Franklin ships”. Canwest News Service, August 15, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Northwest Passage navigable again this summer”. The StarPhoenix, August 14, 2008
  • “Harper heading north of 60 again for sovereignty swing”. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, August 13, 2008
  • “Canada, US team up in key Arctic study”. The Age, August 12, 2008
  • Ed Struzik “Military probes mystery blast in Arctic”. Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  • Randy Boswell “Research quietly backs Canada’s claims on Arctic sovereignty”. Canwest News Service, August 7, 2008
  • David Ljunggren “Giant chunks break off Canadian ice shelf”. Canwest News Service, July 30, 2008
  • “U of S professor to visit Canadian Arctic during Operation NANOOK 2008”. University of Saskatchewan, 2008
  • “Science cements Arctic claim, Russia says; Disputed Lomonosov Ridge key to claiming vast untapped resources”. University of Alberta, September 21, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Danes pipe up with their own North Pole claims”. National Post, August 10, 2007
  • David Jackson “Microsoft PowerPoint – Ice diminishing Arctic 10 July07.ppt The Impact of Arctic climate change on the CCG Icebreaking program and marine transportation.”. Icebreaking Program Canadian Coast Guard, July 11, 2007
  • Randy Boswell “Russia poised to claim Arctic expanse on Canada’s doorstep”. Canwest News Service, Thursday, June 28, 2007
  • “Mapping continues along the Lomonosov Ridge”. Siku News, April 17, 2007
  • “RADARSAT-2 Information”. MacDonald Dettwiler, 1995-2008
This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.
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