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September 26, 2018

Study suggests Mars hosted life-sustaining habitat for millions of years

Study suggests Mars hosted life-sustaining habitat for millions of years

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Space
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  • 26 September 2018: Study suggests Mars hosted life-sustaining habitat for millions of years
  • 20 September 2018: NASA’s TESS spacecraft reports its first exoplanet
  • 31 July 2018: Total lunar eclipse occurs in July 2018
  • 19 July 2018: US astronomers announce discovering ten tiny Jovian satellites
  • 7 May 2018: NASA’s InSight lander and MarCO craft launch in new mission to Mars

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Wednesday, September 26, 2018

In a new study announced on Monday and available in the current volume of Earth and Planetary Science Letters, an international team led by scientists from Brown University in the United States said the planet Mars once had the right water and temperatures to host simple life forms — just not on its surface. Mars’s rocky, subterranean layer once, for some hundreds of millions of years, had enough water and reductants to support some of the same kinds of microbial communities seen on Earth.

“We showed, based on basic physics and chemistry calculations, that the ancient Martian subsurface likely had enough dissolved hydrogen to power a global subsurface biosphere,” reported lead author and current Brown graduate student Jesse Tarnas. The paper does not claim life on Mars did exist but rather that conditions suitable for life are very likely to have lasted for an extended time. This habitable zone, located beneath Mars’s then-frozen surface, would have reached several kilometers into Mars’s surface, potentially protected by ice above.

The study showed that, during Mars’s Noachian period (4.1–3.7 billion years ago), radiolysis, the process by which radiation splits water molecules apart, produced enough hydrogen gas (H2) for microbial organisms to live on so long as they remained within the area just beneath the cryosphere, the SHZ (subcryospheric highly-fractured zone). The concentration of hydrogen in the groundwater could have ranged from about 35 to about 55 millimolars depending on whether ancient Mars was warm or cold, respectively, and higher if the subsurface medium also contained enough salt. The researchers determined this by establishing three factors. First, they examined data from the gamma ray spectrometer aboard NASA’s Odyssey spacecraft, from which they inferred how much of various radioactive elements would have been present in Mars’s crust during the Noachian, and therefore how much radiation would have been available to split water and so produce hydrogen. They then built on existing models of water flow on Mars to determine how much groundwater would have been present. Third, they used climate and geothermal modeling to determine how much of that water would have been in liquid form and at a suitable temperature for living things.

In subterranean environments on Earth called subsurface lithotrophic microbial ecosystems, or SLiMEs, ecosystems sustain themselves not on plants that harness sunlight through photosynthesis but on microbes that harvest electrons from nearby molecules. Molecular hydrogen is an especially good electron donor.

One of the study authors, Brown Professor John Mustard, is on the team designing the next Mars Rover mission, scheduled for 2020. He and Tarnas recommended the Rover examine the sites of meteorite crashes, which may have excavated rocks from this possibly habitable depth that may hold traces of ancient life.



Related news

  • “NASA’s InSight lander and MarCO craft launch in new mission to Mars” — Wikinews, May 7, 2018
  • “Curiosity Rover analysis suggests chemically complex lake once graced Mars’s Gale crater” — Wikinews, June 4, 2017
  • NASA announces water on Mars” — Wikinews, October 1, 2015

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September 25, 2018

Mars hosted life-sustaining habitat for millions of years, say scientists

Mars hosted life-sustaining habitat for millions of years, say scientists

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Space
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  • 20 September 2018: NASA’s TESS spacecraft reports its first exoplanet
  • 31 July 2018: Total lunar eclipse occurs in July 2018
  • 19 July 2018: US astronomers announce discovering ten tiny Jovian satellites
  • 7 May 2018: NASA’s InSight lander and MarCO craft launch in new mission to Mars
  • 21 April 2018: NASA launches exoplanet-hunting satellite TESS

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Tuesday, September 25, 2018

In a new study announced on Monday and available in the current volume of Earth and Planetary Science Letters, an international team led by scientists from Brown University in the United States said the planet Mars once had the right water and temperatures to host simple life forms — just not on its surface. Mars’s rocky, subterranean layer once, for some hundreds of millions of years, had enough water and reductants to support some of the same kinds of microbial communities seen on Earth.

“We showed, based on basic physics and chemistry calculations, that the ancient Martian subsurface likely had enough dissolved hydrogen to power a global subsurface biosphere,” reported lead author and current Brown graduate student Jesse Tarnas. The paper does not claim life on Mars did exist but rather that conditions suitable for life are very likely to have lasted for an extended time. This habitable zone, located beneath Mars’s then-frozen surface, would have reached several kilometers into Mars’s surface, potentially protected by ice above.

The study showed that, during Mars’s Noachian period (4.1–3.7 billion years ago), radiolysis, the process by which radiation splits water molecules apart, produced enough hydrogen gas (H2) for microbial organisms to live on so long as they remained within the area just beneath the cryosphere, the SHZ (subcryospheric highly-fractured zone). The concentration of hydrogen in the groundwater could have ranged from about 35 to about 55 millimolars depending on whether ancient Mars was warm or cold, respectively, and higher if the subsurface medium also contained enough salt. The researchers determined this by establishing three factors. First, they examined data from the gamma ray spectrometer aboard NASA’s Odyssey spacecraft, from which they inferred how much of various radioactive elements would have been present in Mars’s crust during the Noachian, and therefore how much radiation would have been available to split water and so produce hydrogen. They then built on existing models of water flow on Mars to determine how much groundwater would have been present. Third, they used climate and geothermal modeling to determine how much of that water would have been in liquid form and at a suitable temperature for living things.

In subterranean environments on Earth called subsurface lithotrophic microbial ecosystems, or SLiMEs, ecosystems sustain themselves not on plants that harness sunlight through photosynthesis but on microbes that harvest electrons from nearby molecules. Molecular hydrogen is an especially good electron donor.

One of the study authors, Brown Professor John Mustard, is on the team designing the next Mars Rover mission, scheduled for 2020. He and Tarnas recommended the Rover examine the sites of meteorite crashes, which may have excavated rocks from this possibly habitable depth that may hold traces of ancient life.



Related news[]

  • “NASA’s InSight lander and MarCO craft launch in new mission to Mars” — Wikinews, May 7, 2018
  • “Curiosity Rover analysis suggests chemically complex lake once graced Mars’s Gale crater” — Wikinews, June 4, 2017
  • NASA announces water on Mars” — Wikinews, October 1, 2015

Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

September 18, 2018

Hurricane Florence results in mass flooding in North Carolina

Hurricane Florence results in mass flooding in North Carolina

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Tuesday, September 18, 2018

Weather in Wilmington, NC, over the last several days. Data from the National Weather Service, United States.

Wind speed and pressure within the hurricane over several weeks in September. Data from the National Hurricane Center, NOAA, United States.

Florence 2018 track, colored by its category. The category of a hurricane is an indicator of its size or strength. Tracking data is from from the National Hurricane Center or the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

Views of Hurricane Florence at Landfall, view from International Space Station. September 14.

On Tuesday, the remnants of Hurricane Florence brought heavy rain and gusts of 112 km per hour (70 miles/hour) to the US state of Massachusetts.

Florence originated from a tropical wave over Western Africa in late August. On September 1, the National Hurricane Center assigned the name Florence to the system. Over the next two weeks, favorable conditions allowed the system to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Last Friday, Florence entered the shore of North Carolina, United States. Several days since severe rainfall has occurred in the area. Flooding was ongoing with approximately 24 inches of water being accumulated in Wilmington, North Carolina, according to the official weather data. The hurricane has been responsible for at least 34 deaths in three states so far, with 25 deaths in North Carolina.

Tens of thousands of homes were damaged, with 900 thousand homes without power at the early stages of the hurricane.

Floodwaters were continuing to rise and fill more streets and homes through the area. Wilmington, a town with 120 thousand residents, was isolated by water, with only one road being intermittently available for food supply. Officials were giving away free food to the residents.

According to the official data provided by United States, in the Wilmington area, the rainfall reached a maximum of ten inches on Friday. The rainfall has receded, however, water continued to accumulate and reached 24 inches on Sunday. This figure has continued to be steady for another day til Monday. The hurricane was observed to have wind speed up to 200km/h, a figure that has decreased since the Friday as it hit the land and was unable to maintain its high speed. The landfall of the hurricane was also observed from the International Space Station on Friday.

Gallery[]

Officials and volunteers from other states have provided rescue services to the area, including road closures, rescue operations on helicopters and boats in the areas which were hit the most. As it can be clearly seen from the images, it was impossible to move in the area by car. An incident has been reported when a mother was driving and holding her young son, however, as she was unable to hold the grip, the son was swept away by the water flow and has died. Officials warned residents to stay away from flooded areas and to stay safe.



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This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

September 8, 2018

US rapper Mac Miller dies at home Los Angeles

US rapper Mac Miller dies at home Los Angeles

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United States
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Saturday, September 8, 2018

Mac Miller in 2017.
Image: Nicolas Völcker.

On Friday, rapper Mac Miller was found dead in his bedroom at home in San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles, California, United States, according to reports. He was 26.

According to news website TMZ, a friend called emergency services from Mac Miller’s apartment, in regard to a cardiac arrest. According to the coroner, Mac Miller was pronounced dead at the scene.

Investigation was ongoing to identify the cause of the death.

Reports said Mac Miller previously abused drugs, which reportedly affected his two-year relationship with singer Ariana Grande. They broke up in May this year.

Mac Miller was an US rapper, singer and record producer. He was born Malcolm James McCormick in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US in 1992. In 2007, at the age of fifteen, he released his first mixtape under the nickname “EZ Mac”. He later switched to name “Mac Miller”.



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This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

September 5, 2018

Police Captain’s son gets 20 year prison sentence for terrorist plot

Police Captain’s son gets 20 year prison sentence for terrorist plot

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Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Crime and law
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Alexander Ciccolo, the son of a police captain for the US city of Boston, was sentenced to 20 years in prison in federal court on Wednesday. Ciccolo’s father, Robert Ciccolo, reportedly tipped off the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to his son’s probable intentions, an action mentioned by the U.S. Attorney during the trial. In 2017, Ciccolo’s mother, Shelley MacInnes, said in a radio interview her son is “very compassionate” and “would not hurt a fly.”

File photo of a federal prison building in Seagoville, Texas

As early as Monday, local news sources were predicting Ciccolo would receive a twenty year prison sentence. Ciccolo formally plead guilty in May to to one count of attempting to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organization, one count of attempting to use weapons of mass destruction, assaulting a nurse in jail, and various other offenses. Reports indicate he told an undercover investigator he planned to detonate pressure cooker bombs in college cafeterias, among other places.

Ciccolo’s attorneys say he dealt with mental health and substance abuse problems, had poorly thought out plans and no real ability to carry out an attack. Law enforcement, however, described him as an Islamic-State loyalist. Ciccolo was originally arrested in 2015. During their investigation, FBI personnel observed Ciccolo purchase a pressure cooker from a WalMart store. An undercover agent gave him four guns that authorities state he had requested. After his arrest, investigators found four partially finished Molotov cocktails. The devices were filled with styrofoam and oil.



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This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

September 4, 2018

Creativity celebrated at Fan Expo Canada 2018 in Toronto

Creativity celebrated at Fan Expo Canada 2018 in Toronto

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Tuesday, September 4, 2018

Fan Expo Canada ran in Toronto last weekend, from Thursday to Sunday, spread over both multi-storey buildings at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre. The event is one of North America’s largest pop culture events, with panels, product unveilings, screenings, an artists’ alley, and celebrity autographs.

Featured programming included reunions of cast members from 2001: A Space Odyssey, Back to the Future, Xena: Warrior Princess, and Degrassi: The Next Generation. Other cast panels included Star Trek Discovery, Adventure Time, Steven Universe, and Grand Theft Auto. Attendees could have their portfolios reviewed by staff from Marvel and DC Comics, speed date others of the same sexuality, or try a Doctor Who escape room.

The end-of-summer event is one of three held in Toronto by convention firm Informa, a list that also includes the springtime Toronto Comic Con.

Wikinews was there, and captured some of the cosplay creativity and booths full of products new and old.



Related news

  • Toronto Comicon celebrates characters from screen and page — Wikinews, March 28, 2018
  • Tim Curry, TV premiere screenings, cosplay feature at Fan Expo Canada — Wikinews, September 6, 2017

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September 2, 2018

Final service for US Senator and Vietnam War veteran John McCain as he is buried at the United States Naval Academy

Final service for US Senator and Vietnam War veteran John McCain as he is buried at the United States Naval Academy

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Sunday, September 2, 2018

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  • 9 September 2018: US rapper Mac Miller dies at home in Los Angeles
  • 18 August 2018: Singer Aretha Franklin, ‘queen of soul’, dies aged 76
  • 20 July 2018: Hindi poet and songwriter Gopal Das Neeraj dies, aged 93
  • 23 April 2018: 28-year-old Swedish electronic dance music artist Avicii dies in Oman
  • 28 March 2018: K-pop band 100%’s lead singer Seo Minwoo dies
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Senator John Sydney McCain III of Arizona

Sunday, the United States (US) Republican Senator from Arizona and Vietnam War veteran John Sydney McCain III, age 81, was buried at the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. McCain died on the evening of August 25 at his Sedona, Arizona ranch from complications associated with glioblastoma, an aggressive form of brain cancer.

Ending a week of services, viewings, and speeches, McCain’s body was laid to rest next to his Naval Academy friend Admiral Charles Larson. The motorcade with police escort had streets lined with people saluting and waving American flags. An honor guard would remove the casket to be placed on a horse drawn carriage and offloaded at the burial site. A private service was held at 14:00 EST (1800 UTC) to 16:00 EST (2000 UTC) which concluded with a flyover in the missing man formation.

McCain is remembered by his service to the US during the Vietnam War where he was shot down over Hanoi, North Vietnam being rescued by local fishermen. When offered repatriation due to his father becoming the commander of all US forces in Vietnam, he refused to leave the Hỏa Lò Prison, nicknamed the “Hanoi Hilton,” suffering pervasive torture unless earlier prisoners of war were repatriated. In all, he was detained for 5 1/2 years. Stateside, he would enter the world of US politics as Congressmen from the Arizona 1st district. When the Republican Senator from Arizona Barry Goldwater vacated his seat in the US Senate, McCain was elected to his seat, which he filled for the next 3 decades, overseeing the military as a ranking member of the politically powerful Senate Armed Services Committee. With McCain’s extensive public service, his death garnered several services that were carried out over the last week.

Starting last Sunday, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey lowered all flags at half-mast and announced McCain and would lie in state under the copper rotunda at the Arizona Capitol Building Wednesday in downtown Phoenix, Arizona. Also Governor Ducey’s office confirmed through a senior adviser Daniel Ruiz, II, the Constitutional power for appointing McCain’s successor will take place after McCain’s funeral and this person will serve until the 2022 election cycle. The official statement produced by Ruiz reads, “Out of respect for the life and legacy of Senator John McCain and his family, Governor Ducey will not be making any announcements about an appointment until after the Senator is laid to rest … Now is a time for remembering and honoring a consequential life well lived.”

A small service was held around 10:00 a.m. MST (1600 UTC) Wednesday when McCain’s casket arrived at the Arizona Capitol Building. Opening the service was Arizona Governor Doug Ducey with a eulogy, with remarks from former Republican Senator from Arizona Jon Kyle, and the benediction from the Republican Senator from Arizona Jeff Flake. Following the service, the public was allowed into the rotunda with an estimated 12-15 thousand individuals by the Arizona Department of Public Safety.

His last ceremony in Arizona took place Thursday at the North Phoenix Baptist Church which featured McCain’s former Chief of Staff John Woods, National Football League wide receiver Larry Fitzgerald of the Arizona Cardinals, and former Vice President Joe Biden. Leaving the church, a personal musical selection by McCain of Frank Sinatra song, “My Way” played. A police escort would take him and his family to Phoenix’s Sky Harbor International Airport. Greeting him on the tarmac was the entire Arizona National Guard with Air Force Two, a smaller modified Boeing 757 then the Air Force One Boeing 747 used to fly the president. Air Force Two would land in Washington, DC at Joint Base Andrews with an honor guard ready to receive his casket.

Friday, McCain came to the US Capitol Building for the last time, honored by lying in state under the rotunda on the catafalque originally built for assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. This honor has only been extended to 31 individuals over the past 166 years. As the honor guard removed the casket from the hearse and began climbing the stairs it began to rain. After the ceremony for Congress, the public was allowed to view his casket for the remainder of the day.

Saturday, a service was held at that National Cathedral also in Washington, DC. where former Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama were personally asked by McCain to give eulogies when they visited him as he recovered from chemotherapy and radiation treatments at his ranch. Absent from the National Cathedral was the current President Donald Trump after tensions with McCain and the McCain family resulted in Trump not being invited. Instead, invitations were extended to Vice President Mike Pence other administration officials including Chief of Staff and retired General John Kelly.

Throughout the week, no speech referenced Trump by name. However Meghan McCain‘s eulogy at the National Cathedral stated, “We gather to mourn the passing of American greatness, the real thing, not cheap rhetoric from men who will never come near the sacrifice, those that live lives of comfort and privilege while he suffered and served,” subtly comparing McCain’s war record to Trump’s multiple medical deferments.

Trump would spend the time when the service was taking place at the Trump National Golf Club in Sterling, Virginia. During his public appearances this week, he remained silent on McCain’s death with only a single Twitter post directly following McCain’s death, “Our thoughts, prayers and deepest sympathy to the McCain Family. Thank you Senator McCain for your service to the nation.” First Lady Melania Trump also reached out through Twitter with, “Our thoughts, prayers and deepest sympathy to the McCain Family. Thank you Senator McCain for your service to the nation.” Daughter Ivanka Trump and her husband Jared Kushner attended the National Cathedral service as an invitation extended by Republican Senator from South Carolina Lindsey Graham.

Trump ordered the flags at half-mast, a showing of national mourning, the Saturday evening when McCain died, with the flag being placed back at full-mast two days later. Trump defended his actions with, “I’ve done everything that they requested and no, I don’t think I have at all.” After quick bipartisan criticism the flag was returned to half-mast until Sunday’s final burial.

USS John S. McCain (DDG-56)
Image: Photographer’s Mate 3rd Class Todd Frantom.

A number of honorary measures have been purposed and adopted throughout the federal, state, and city levels. Navy officials, prior to his death, added his name to the Arleigh Burke-class Destroyer USS John McCain originally named for his grandfather and father, both Navy Admirals. Congressional colleagues also entitled the 2019 fiscal year military sending bill, the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act. Legislation was also submitted by the Democratic Senator from New York Chuck Schumer to renaming the Russell Senate Office Building dedicated to the late Democratic Senator from Georgia Richard Russell, Jr. Russell was a segregationist and civil rights opponent, but some in Congress have reservations on the renaming like the Republican Senator from Georgia David Perdue stating, “He did so many other things. He was a big supporter of the Great Society, the War on Poverty. Now, we all know those things failed, but he was a big champion of them.” The legislation will be taken up when Congress reopens after Labor Day.



Sister Sites[]

  • Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg John McCain
  • Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Cindy McCain
  • Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Megan McCain

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August 28, 2018

US Attorney indicts 13 for using false documents to secure jobs

Filed under: North America,United States — admin @ 5:00 am

US Attorney indicts 13 for using false documents to secure jobs

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Tuesday, August 28, 2018

Official ICE logo.

Thirteen people were indicted in federal court this week for allegedly using false documents to obtain employment in the US. 11 of the individuals are Guatemalan citizens and the other 2 are citizens of Mexico, according to news sources. The individuals were initially arrested when federal ICE agents raided Fresh Mark meat packing plant in Ohio in June. That raid initially resulted in 146 individuals being detained. Fresh Mark provided the following statement to local press:

‘Fresh Mark is fully cooperating with authorities on this matter.
Fresh Mark’s policy and practice is to validate the employment authorization and identity of all workers who join the company, for each of whom we complete an I-9 and confirm the documentation through E-Verify.
Fresh Mark has also been a member of the voluntary IMAGE program (ICE Mutual Agreement between Government and Employers) since 2012. This program between the US Government and private employers ensures a lawful workforce.’

Earlier this week, members of the US agency, ICE raided a vehicle trailer manufacturing plant located near the city of Paris, Texas. That company, Load Trail, is suspected of illegally employing undocumented foreign immigrants. The company reportedly paid a $445,000 fine in 2014 for hiring over 170 undocumented immigrants to work in its plant, according to an ICE report. More than 300 agents and staff took part in the raid.


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US Attorney indicts thirteen for using false documents to secure jobs

US Attorney indicts thirteen for using false documents to secure jobs

From Wikinews, the free news source you can write!

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Tuesday, August 28, 2018

Thirteen people were indicted in federal court this week for allegedly using false documents to obtain employment in the US. Eleven of the individuals are Guatemalan citizens and the other two are citizens of Mexico, according to news sources. The individuals were initially arrested when federal ICE agents raided Fresh Mark meat packing plant in Ohio in June. That raid initially resulted in 146 individuals being detained. Fresh Mark provided the following statement to local press:

Official ICE logo.

“Fresh Mark is fully cooperating with authorities on this matter.Fresh Mark’s policy and practice is to validate the employment authorization and identity of all workers who join the company, for each of whom we complete an I-9 and confirm the documentation through E-Verify.Fresh Mark has also been a member of the voluntary IMAGE program (ICE Mutual Agreement between Government and Employers) since 2012. This program between the US Government and private employers ensures a lawful workforce.”

Earlier this week, members of the US agency, ICE raided a vehicle trailer manufacturing plant located near the city of Paris, Texas. That company, Load Trail, is suspected of illegally employing undocumented foreign immigrants. The company reportedly paid a $445,000 fine in 2014 for hiring over 170 undocumented immigrants to work in its plant, according to an ICE report. More than 300 agents and staff took part in the raid.


Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

July 23, 2018

US director James Gunn fired from Marvel Studios for decade-old offensive tweets

US director James Gunn fired from Marvel Studios for decade-old offensive tweets

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Monday, July 23, 2018

Culture and entertainment
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On Friday, US director and screenwriter James Gunn was fired from work on Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 for Marvel Studios reportedly for his offensive tweets from 2008 to 2011 about, amongst other things, rape and paedophilia.

File photo of James Gunn, 2014.
Image: Mingle Media TV (flickr) (CC BY 2.0).

In a statement, Walt Disney Studios‘ Chairman Alan Horn said, “The offensive attitudes and statements discovered on James’ Twitter feed are indefensible and inconsistent with our studio’s values, and we have severed our business relationship with him”.

The Walt Disney Company owns Marvel Studios. James Gunn wrote the screenplay and directed Marvel movies Guardians of the Galaxy, released in 2014, and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, released in 2017. Based on the comic book characters in the Marvel Comics, the movie franchise featured Chris Pratt, Zoe Saldana, Dave Bautista, Karen Gillian as well as Bradley Cooper and Vin Diesel as voice cast for CGI characters. The two movies earned a worldwide box office revenue of about USD 773 million and USD 864 million per Box Office Mojo‘s statistics. Gunn had been writing the third movie in the franchise reportedly to be released in 2020.

Responding to his firing, James Gunn said, “My words of nearly a decade ago were, at the time, totally failed and unfortunate efforts to be provocative. I have regretted them for many years since — not just because they were stupid, not at all funny, wildly insensitive, and certainly not provocative like I had hoped, but also because they don’t reflect the person I am today or have been for some time. Regardless of how much time has passed, I understand and accept the business decisions taken today. Even these many years later, I take full responsibility for the way I conducted myself then.”

In one of the old tweets, Gunn wrote, “The best thing about being raped is when you’re done being raped and it’s like ‘whew this feels great, not being raped!'”

Dave Bautista, who portrays Drax the Destroyer in Gunn’s Marvel movies, tweeted about Gunn’s dismissal saying, “James Gunn is one of the most loving, caring, good natured people I have ever met. He’s gentle and kind and cares deeply for people and animals. He’s made mistakes. We all have. I’m NOT ok with what’s happening to him”.

After Gunn was fired, David Dastmalchian, an actor in the latest Marvel Studios movie Ant-Man and the Wasp wrote on Instagram, “i’ve been saying this FOR YEARS! @jamesgunn is one of the most amazing people I’ve ever known – both professionally & personally. there are so many people in our lives that we would never have known without the incredible magnet of talent & goodness that is James […] thanks for making us a part of your family, buddy.”


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