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May 18, 2016

Research suggests that veganism is key to putting a stop towards deforestation

Research suggests that veganism is key to putting a stop towards deforestation

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Meat consumption across the globe is one of the leading causes of deforestation with meat eaters requiring at least double the resources of a vegan or vegetarian.

File photo of Deforestation in the Usambara Mountains in Tanzania
Image: Mohsin Karmali.

A study published in Nature Communications and undertaken by Professor Karlheinz Erb and his colleagues at the Institute of Social Ecology at the Alpen-Adria University in Vienna, suggest that a global shift in veganism and reduced meat consumption could guarantee that we have enough food for a growing population in 2050 without having to cut down trees.

The research team found that deforestation is not a biophysical necessity, by testing over 500 food-supply scenarios in a hypothetical world where deforestation did not exist. Results were obtained through the use of regional forecasts for crop yields, the extent of land used as cropland or as grazing land, livestock feed and human diet supplied by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation. (FAO)

From the results, researchers discovered that nearly two thirds of the 500 scenarios could be feasible options but only 15 of the 500 original ideas that tested a diet consisting mainly of meat permitted to zero deforestation.

Professor Erb said that if the world’s population followed a vegan diet, all combinations of parameters even those with lowest yield levels and low cropland expansion would be feasible and with a vegetarian diet, 94 per cent of all of the calculated scenarios would be feasible.



Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

UN rules indefinite detention of refugees in Australia illegal

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UN rules indefinite detention of refugees in Australia illegal

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

The United Nation’s Human Rights Committee have ruled Australia’s indefinite detention of refugees is in breach of the international covenant on civil and political rights. The council told the Australian government they are “obligated” to provide compensation to five individuals who were incarcerated without charge for up to six years. This the latest of 51 other cases brought in front of the committee.

The five refugees were detained between 2009 and 2015 after the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) made an “adverse security assessment” in regards to the individuals. An article from the Sydney Morning Herald stated that “they were later told that a routine security check by ASIO before a visa was issued had raised concerns, but not the reasons why”. The refugees originating from Iran, Srilanka and Afghanistan have since been released into the community after ASIO reversed the security assessments.

According to The Guardian, during their incarceration they were refused information regarding why they were considered security risks and were not permitted to see any of the evidence against them. Although no charge was laid and therefore no trial process, they were held in detention indefinitely with no access to the courts.

Professor Ben Saul from the University of Sydney, who acted for the refugees commented that the individuals suffered “cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment” and they were held in inadequate conditions.

One journalist from The Guardian, Ben Doherty, has stated: “The Guardian understands that between six and 10 people remain in unlawful detention” however, according to a document released by the High Court of Australia, indefinite administrative detention is still considered legal under Australian Law.

This committee ruling follows the call from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR) for the immediate transfer of refugees from the Manus Island detention centre in Naru to more “humane conditions”.



Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Sevilla win third successive UEFA Europa League title after beating Liverpool in Basel

Sevilla win third successive UEFA Europa League title after beating Liverpool in Basel

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

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Yesterday, Spanish football club Sevilla FC defeated English football club Liverpool F.C. in the 2016 UEFA Europa League Final at St. Jakob-Park in Basel, Switzerland. In doing so, Sevilla defended their title and claimed their third consecutive title under manager Unai Emery. Sevilla became first club in the tournament history to lift the trophy five times—in 2006, 2007, 2014, 2015 and 2016.

Logo of UEFA Europa League.
Image: UEFA Europa League.

Cquote1.svg It was obvious the first goal of Sevilla had a big influence on our own game. In this moment we lost faith in our style of play. We changed from passing simply and quickly to complicated. We lost our formation, so it was not compact anymore. Cquote2.svg

—Jürgen Klopp

Sevilla appeared in their third successive final while Liverpool made their first appearance for nine years. Liverpool started the brighter of the two teams in the opening half. Merseyside had 72% ball possession and had six shots on target. But, The Reds committed nineteen fouls in the match while the Spanish side committed just nine. Sevilla’s goalkeeper David Soria kept Liverpool at bay as he saved shots from Liverpool’s Emre Can shortly before the ten-minute mark. Sevilla were thankful that defender Daniel Carriço was on hand to decisively clear a goal-bound effort off the line from Liverpool striker, Daniel Sturridge. Sturridge tested Soria a while later, but the goalkeeper was equal to the shot and blocked successfully. Soria could do nothing to deny Sturridge. In the 35th minute when he collected a pass from Brazillian Philippe Coutinho and curled the ball with the outside of his left foot to give Liverpool the lead. Liverpool had a chance to extend their lead before the half-time break through Adam Lallana, but Sevilla defender Daniel Carriço blocked his attempt. Liverpool ended the first-half with a 1–0 lead.

Sevilla looked to bounce back in the second-half and they did not have to wait long as Kevin Gameiro levelled the score in the 46th minute from Mariano Ferreira‘s cross. Sevilla took the lead in the 64th minute through captain, Coke, who shot beyond Liverpool’s goalkeeper Simon Mignolet to score. Six minutes later Sevilla extended their lead when Coke pounced on a loose ball in the box to ensure Sevilla claimed an unprecedented fifth overall and third consecutive UEFA Europa League title.

After the match, Liverpool manager Jürgen Klopp in a press conference said “It was obvious the first goal of Sevilla had a big influence on our own game. In this moment we lost faith in our style of play. We changed from passing simply and quickly to complicated. We lost our formation, so it was not compact anymore”.




May 18, 2016
20:45 CET (UTC+01:00)
Liverpool F.C. 1–3 Sevilla FC St.Jakob-Park, Basel, Switzerland
Attendance: 34,429
Referee: Flag of Sweden.svg Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)
Daniel Sturidge Scored after 35 minutes 35′
Dejan Lovren Booked after 29 minutes 29′
Divock Orig Booked after 72 minutes 72′
Nathaniel Clyne Booked after 90 + 4 minutes 90 + 4′
(1–0) HT Kevin Gamiero Scored after 46 minutes 46′
Coke Scored after 64, 70 minutes 64, 70′
Vitolo Booked after 56 minutes 56′
Éver Banega Booked after 57 minutes 57′
Adil Rami Booked after 77 minutes 77′
Mariano Ferreira Booked after 83 minutes 83′

Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Taking a cup of coffee

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Taking a cup of coffee – Wikinews, the free news source

Taking a cup of coffee

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Took a cup of coffee before checking soccer game schedules.

It is feels good to take a cup of coffee. It can be at work or after work.

I live in a city where coffee shops are everywhere in Paris. Thereit is easy to talk to the bar tender or customers.

Usualy it is possible to read the daily news paper to check weather, TV programs, or just reading articles.



Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Daily cup of coffee

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Daily cup of coffee – Wikinews, the free news source

Daily cup of coffee

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

After or while working it is good to take a cup of coffee.

While taking it at a bar, it is easy to talk with the bar tender and, some customers regarding life subject s.a soccer.

Took a cup of coffee before checking soccer game schedules in Paris.



Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall gets the ball rolling on food waste

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Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall gets the ball rolling on food waste

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Premiering on Foxtel’s LifeStyle channel, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall is back with a vengeance with his new show Hugh’s War on Waste. With UK residents wasting around £700 of food each year, Fearnley-Whittingstall is investigating the habits of communities and corporations. The two-part special showcased the importance of recycling and using food to its full potential.

Fearnley-Whittingstall used the television series and campaign #WasteNot to challenge supermarkets and the fast-food industry to reduce the amount of waste they generate annually. The amount of food fit for human consumption that was found in supermarket waste was confronting for a lot of viewers worldwide. At least 25 per cent of fresh produce is estimated to be rejected from supermarkets because of cosmetic imperfections. UK based supermarkets have responded with their own campaigns that promote the reduction of food waste.

Australian’s are not much better when it comes to food waste. Annually, the average family throws away $1,036 worth of food. That is the equivalent to 20% of their yearly grocery bill. In 2014, Australian supermarket Woolworths started a campaign that introduced ‘ugly’ produce into their stores. The produce, while not up to supermarket’s cosmetic standards, was being sold for discount of the retail price. Woolworths head of trade produce Scott Davidson told The Daily Telegraph they were overwhelmed with the response from consumers.



Sources[]

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

Greenland and The Arctic experiencing rapid melting

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Greenland and The Arctic experiencing rapid melting

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Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Just a month after Greenland had experienced its earliest seasonal start of melting. Scientists have now discovered a second spike or rapid melting on May 12.

The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) have released data which shows two major bouts of ice melting in Spring. The first stage of major melting occurred on April 11 and the second on May 12.

On both occasions, scientists from the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI) have proven that 10% of the ice sheet experienced melting. These scientists have also gathered observational data which show temperatures in some regions of Greenland are well above freezing. One area was recorded as high as 10 degrees Celsius.

DMI climate scientist Ruth Mottram states ‘a large dump of snow over the ice sheet in early May temporarily halted melting. The melting has begun, because of warm air moving over the ice sheet.’

The Arctic is seeing much of the same where it is absorbing more solar radiation especially during summer. Between January and February, The Arctic experienced it warmest ever temperatures for that period. According to NASA, much of the Arctic has experienced temperatures 4 degrees Celsius above the normal average.

In March, the Arctic had endured its lowest ever winter peak in sea ice. Both the Arctic and Greenland are experiencing their worst melting since 2012 which is considered to be the worst ever melting on record. This year could exceed that rate as both areas are clear examples of how pollution is effecting the environment and causing sea levels to rise by at least 1mm per year.



Sources[]

NSIDC ‘Greenland Ice Sheet Today’, NSIDC, May 16, 2016

Tom Yulisman, “Second dramatic spike in thawing on the Greenland ice sheet heralds an early start to the melt season“, Discover magazine, May 16,2016

This text comes from Wikinews. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikinews.

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