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May 6, 2008

Wikipedia: Shivraj Patil

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Shivraj Patil

In office
22 May 2004 – present
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Lal Krishna Advani
Succeeded by Incumbent

In office
10 July 199122 May 1996
Preceded by Rabi Ray
Succeeded by P.A. Sangma

In office
15 January 19802 December 1989
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Preceded by Pranab Mukherjee
Succeeded by Shankarrao Chavan

Born October 12, 1935 (1935-10-12) (age 72)
Maharashtra, British India
Political party Indian National Congress
Occupation Politician

Shri Shivraj V. Patil (born October 12, 1935) is the Union Minister of Home Affairs in the Manmohan Singh government. He belongs to the Indian National Congress party.


Early Life

Patil was born in 1935 in the village of Chakur in the Latur district of Maharashtra. He attended Osmania University, Hyderabad, earning a graduation degree in Science and studied Law at the Bombay University. During 1967-69, he was involved in local government (Latur Municipality).

Patil belongs to the Lingayat community spread across Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. He married late Smt. Vijaya Patil in June 1963.

In State Politics

Between 1972-79, he was member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly for two terms during which time he held various positions such as Chairman of Public Undtertakings Committee, Deputy Minister (Las Judiciary, Irrigation, Protocol), Deputy Speaker of the Assembly and Speaker of the Assembly.

In Central Politics

In 1980 he got elected to the 7th Lok Sabha. By 1999 (13th Lok Sabha), he had won seven successive Lok Sabha elections.

In government

First inducted in the Indira Gandhi-led government in as Minister of State for Defence (1980-82), he was given independent charge of the Commerce Ministry (1982-83), from where he was shifted to Science and Technology, Atomic Energy, Electronics, Space and Ocean Development (1983-84).

During 1983-86, he was Vice President of CSIR India. He also served on various committees including those on Defence, External Affairs, Finance, Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament.

In the Rajiv Gandhi government, he was Minister for Personnel, Defence production and later held independent charge of Civil Aviation and Tourism.

He has also held a number of important positions in the party ever since Sonia Gandhi took over the presidency of the party. He is largely known for introducing the The Outstanding Parliamentarian Award, India in 1995. He was the chairman of the manifesto committee of the party during the 1999 Lok Sabha election.

As speaker of the Lok Sabha, he had began or contributed in initiatives on information dissemination to members of the Parliament (through computerisation and modernisation), construction of Parliament Library Building and broadcast of Loksabha proceedings, including live broadcast of Question Hour of both houses of the parliament.

Between 1991-1995, he was a member / leader of Indian parliamentary delegations to various international parliamentary conferences.

After Indian General Election 2004

He became Home Minister in 2004. A former Lok Sabha speaker, Shivraj Patil lost in the 2004 polls from Latur constituency in Maharashtra, but has still landed up the second most important position in the Union Cabinet — that of the Home Minister. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha in July 2004.

Patil’s name was considered a likely candidate in 2007 presidential election. However, after the Left parties opposed his candidature, Sonia Gandhi proposed Pratibha Patil, Governor of Rajasthan as the presidential candidate. Shivraj Patil was later considered a possible candidate for the post of Vice President of India. His extensive parliamentary experience and his reputation for fairness are said to be the main advantages on his side.

This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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