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May 21, 2008

Wikipedia: Central Tibetan Administration

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Central Tibetan Administration
Flag of Tibet Coat of arms of Tibet
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Gyallu
Capital McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, India
Official languages Tibetan
Demonym Tibetan
Government Constitutional Monarchy
Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama
Kalon Tripa (Prime Minister) Professor Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche
Government in exile
Exiled April 29, 1959

The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), officially the Central Tibetan Administration of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, is a government in exile[1] headed by Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, which claims to be the rightful and legitimate government of Tibet.[citation needed] It is commonly referred to as the Tibetan Government in Exile.

Tibet is under the administration of the People’s Republic of China, a situation that the Central Tibetan Administration considers an illegitimate military occupation. The position of the CTA is that Tibet is a distinct nation with a long history of independence. The current policy of the Dalai Lama, however, is that he does not seek full independence for Tibet, but would accept an autonomous status similar to that now held by Hong Kong.[2]

The CTA is headquartered in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, India, where the Dalai Lama settled after fleeing Tibet in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule. It claims jurisdiction over the entirety of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai province, as well as parts of the neighboring provinces of Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan – all of which is termed “Historic Tibet” by CTA.

The Chairman of the Cabinet of the CTA, Professor Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche, addresses a fundraising dinner in Sydney, Australia, February 2006

The Chairman of the Cabinet of the CTA, Professor Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche, addresses a fundraising dinner in Sydney, Australia, February 2006

The CTA exercises many governmental functions in relation to the Tibetan exile community in India, which numbers around 100,000. The Administration runs schools, health services, cultural activities and economic development projects for the Tibetan community. It also provides welfare services for Tibetan refugees in India. Approximately 1000 refugees still arrive each year from China[citation needed], usually via Nepal[citation needed]. The government of India allows the CTA to exercise effective jurisdiction in these matters over the Tibetan communities in northern India. According to Tashi Wangdi, Representative to the Americas of the Dalai Lama, “A parliament was elected by Tibetans in exile. The Dalai Lama then brought about gradual changes for the democratization of the system. The political leadership is now elected. We have had a parliament in existence since 1961 and seven years ago we elected a Prime Minister. His Holiness describes himself as semi-retired.”[3]

The CTA is not recognized as a government by any country, but it receives financial aid from governments and international organisations for its welfare work among the Tibetan exile community in India. In October 1998, the Dalai Lama’s administration acknowledged that it received US$1.7 million a year in the 1960s from the U.S. Government through the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and had also trained a guerrilla army in Colorado (USA).[4]

In 2001 the worldwide Tibetan exile community conducted a democratic election for the position of Prime Minister (officially Kalon Tripa). The election was won by Lobsang Tenzin, a 62-year-old Buddhist monk and scholar who is usually known by the titles Professor Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche. [2]. This was the first democratic election in the history of the Tibetan people.

The Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile in Dharamsala, India.

The Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile in Dharamsala, India.

Indian police barred several hundred Tibetan exiles from starting a march to Tibet on March 10, 2008 to protest the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, as Tibetans marked their uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.[5]

Talks between representatives of the Dalai Lama and the Chinese government began again in May, 2008 with little result, but more are scheduled to be held in June.[6]

Contents

Cabinet

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  • Samdhong Lobsang Tenzin – Prime Minister, Kalon Tripa
  • Tempa Tsering -Representative of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, New Delhi
  • Kesang Yangkyi Takla -Minister for Information and International Relations
  • Thupten Lungrik -Minister for Education
  • Tsering Phuntsok -Minister for Religion and Culture
  • Ngodup Drongchung -Minister for Security
  • Tsering Dhondup -Minister for Finance
  • Paljor Tsering Chope -Minister for Health

See also

  • Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration
  • Free Tibet movement
  • Tashi Wangdi
This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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