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May 29, 2008

Wikipedia: Gosford, New South Wales

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Gosford
New South Wales
Population: 301,551 (2006)
• Density: 165/km² (427.3/sq mi)
Elevation: 10 m (33 ft)
Area: 1028 km² (396.9sq mi)
Time zone:

• Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEST (UTC+11)

Location: 76 km (47 mi) from Sydney
LGA: City of Gosford
State District: Gosford
Federal Division: Robertson
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
23.0 °C
73 °F
11.0 °C
52 °F
1,306.0 mm
51.4 in

Gosford is the main city of the Central Coast of New South Wales, located approximately 50 km north of the Sydney Central Business District (CBD) as the crow flies, but somewhat further by road due to the shape of the coastline. The city is situated at the northern extremity of Brisbane Water, an extensive northern branch of the Hawkesbury River estuary and Broken Bay. The town is the administrative centre of Gosford City Council, which along with Wyong Shire forms the Central Coast. Gosford is often recognised as being part of the Sydney Metropolitan Area. *Gosford is recognised as a part of Sydney in the Australian cities population ranking article.

Contents

History

Until European settlement, the area around Gosford was occupied by two groups of Australian Aborigines, the Guringai and Darkinjung peoples, with the Guringai being principally coastal-dwellers and the Darkingung occupying land to the west.

Along with the other land around the Hawkesbury River estuary, the Brisbane Water district was explored during the early stages of the settlement of Sydney. In the early 1800s some pioneering European settlers began occupying the land, for timber-cutting (mainly ironbark and Australian red cedar), lime production and grazing.

Gosford itself was explored by Governor Phillip between 1788 and 1789. The area was of difficult access and settlement didn’t start before 1823. By the late 1800s the agriculture in the region was diversifying, with market gardens and citrus orchards occupying the rich soil left after the timber harvest. The first road between Hawkesbury, (near Pittwater) to Brisbane Water was only a cart wheel track even in 1850.[1]

Convicts once lived and worked in the Gosford area. In 1825, Gosford’s population reached 100, of which 50% were convicts.

East Gosford was the first centre of settlement. Gosford was named in 1839 after the Earl of Gosford – a friend of the then Governor Gipps.

In 1887. the rail link to Sydney was completed, requiring a bridge over the Hawkesbury River and a tunnel through the sandstone ridge west of Woy Woy. The introduction of this transport link, and then the Pacific Highway in 1930 accelerated the development of the region.

Gosford became a town in 1885 and was declared a municipality in 1886.[2]

City centre

The north part of Gosford's CBD, looking down Mann Street towards the large yellow building which is the Imperial Shopping Centre.

The north part of Gosford’s CBD, looking down Mann Street towards the large yellow building which is the Imperial Shopping Centre.

Gosford proper is located in a valley with President’s Hill on the city’s western border and Rumbalara Reserve on its eastern border, and Brisbane water to the city’s south. Mann Street, Gosford’s main street and part of the Pacific Highway, runs north-south contains the frontage for much of its commercial district. The Central Coast Highway runs past Gosford’s waterfront area, while its predecessor the Pacific Highway takes on several names through the CBD itself. Mann Street contains the main public transport links for Gosford, with Gosford railway station (CityRail and CountryLink) and the termini for several bus routes.

In the centre of Gosford is a shopping and community precinct, including Kibble Park, William Street Mall, Gosford City Library, the Imperial Shopping Centre, the Gosford Town Shopping Centre and a full range of shops, cafes, banks and services, especially along William Street Mall. Over the period 2000-2005, Gosford has been dramatically transformed through the building of many high-rise blocks of flats, principally occupying hill-side locations in and around Gosford, with many more high-rise developments due for completion in the near future.[citation needed]

Facilities

Gosford is also home to

  • Gosford Hospital – the largest hospital on the Central Coast
  • Gosford High School – the only selective high school on the Central Coast
  • The Central Coast Conservatorium (in the original Gosford Courthouse)
  • The Bluetongue Central Coast Stadium in Grahame Park, adjacent to the Central Coast Leagues Club. Originally built for the short-lived Northern Eagles team in the NRL rugby league competition, since 2005 it is now the home of the Central Coast Mariners A-League football (soccer) team and the Central Coast Rays rugby union Australian Rugby Championship team
  • Gosford Racecourse
  • Gosford showground
  • The headquarters of the NSW State Government’s workers compensation fund, WorkCover.

Sister cities and twin towns

  • Flag of Japan Edogawa, Japan
  • Flag of Slovakia Nitra, Slovakia

See also

New South Wales Portal
  • List of cities in Australia
  • Electoral district of Gosford, a seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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