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November 29, 2008

Wikipedia: National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship

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The UDD in 2007

The National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD). formerly Democratic Alliance Against Dictatorship (DAAD) is the anti-People’s Alliance for Democracy alliance in Thailand. (นปช. ‘Nor Por Chor’ in Thai). Its members are red-clad during protests.

This alliance was established in 2006 to support the former Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and to oppose the military junta. Thaksin was deposed by the military coup on September 19, 2006. During the military regime in 2006-2007, the UDD actively organized rallies against the ruling military junta. The UDD stopped the rallies when the Thaksin-affiliated parties, led by Samak Sundaravej, won the December 23, 2007 general elections, and resumed their rallies against the PAD rallies in May 2008.

The leaders of the UDD are members of the People’s Power Party, academics and social activists. Some members are in the government. UDD leaders are also the TV-NBT daily program critics. The UDD is against military involvement in politics. The UDD is supported by academics and social activists, such as Jai Eungpakorn, Somsak Jiamtheerasakul, Charan Ditthapichai and Dr.Weng Tohjiirakarn. These intellectuals describe the UDD as being the stronghold for the People’s Power Party. The UDD attracts supporters and sympathizers of the current elected government. The UDD’s activities are supported by the PPP and their MP’s on the controling commitees and also in upper sections of PPP machine. Many UDD supporters have allegedly been receiving financial support from the PPP.

UDD and Violence

UDD is famed for its staunch support for the current government. In 2007, the protesters rallied to the house of General Prem Tinsulanonda, chief of the Royal Privy Council. When the PAD began its street protest in May 2008, PAD protesters clashed with the UDD protesters while moving from the Democracy Monument to the Makhawan Bridge.

The incident resulted in one death from the UDD side.

UDD has usually staged demonstration at Sanamluang in Bangkok, vowing to resist the PAD, military coups, and to support the elected government.

On September 2 the UDD decided to charge the PAD positions. The clash left one dead from the UDD side and several injuries on both sides, causing a- week state of emergency in Bangkok.[1] Initial news about the clash misidentified the dead as PAD, however.[2]

The major strongholds of UDD apparently are those that pro the elected government, which are the northern and north-eastern provinces of Thailand. UDD supporters, red-clad, have regularly used violent tactics against the PAD, preventing their freedom of speech. Since the seizure of the Government House of PAD, the UDD has moved swiftly. After the clash between PAD and the police on October 7, 2008, the UDD supported the government’s measure. In Chiangmai, local UDD group protested the University Hospital due to the statement of doctors to boycott police, for the violent over-reaction and maiming of dozens on Oct 7th. UDD has rallied people from all over northern Thailand, aiming at protesting against PAD, military and monarchy.

Latest development

In October 2008, according to Thai sources, UDD has vowed to rally a ‘huge protest’, aiming at ‘retaking’ the government house seized by PAD. UDD plans to held a demonstration on November 1, aiming at supporting Thaksin Shinawatra and resisting any possible coup.[3]

References

  1. ^ http://blogs.straitstimes.com/2008/9/2/clash-of-the-thai-tans
  2. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/topstories/topstories.php?id=130255
  3. ^ http://www.thaiblogging.com/%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%9B%E0%B8%8A%E0%B8%82%E0%B8%B9%E0%B9%88%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B7%E0%B9%88%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%82%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%A5%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%97/


 v  d  e 

2005-2006 Thai political crisis

Main events     Timeline     Key persons and organizations   

Prelude

  • 1997 Constitution of Thailand
  • South Thailand insurgency
  • Thaksinocracy

Main events

  • Corruption in the Suvarnabhumi Airport project
  • Sale of Shin Corporation to Temasek Holdings
  • Finland Plot
  • August 2006 Bangkok car bomb
  • 2006 coup d’état

Elections

  • February 2005
  • April 2006
  • October 2006 (cancelled)
  • December 2007
  
  • April 2006
  • March 2006
  • February 2006
  • January 2006
  • December 2005
  
  • Thaksin Shinawatra
  • Prem Tinsulanonda

Military junta

  • Sonthi Boonyaratglin
  • Saprang Kalayanamitr
  • Ruangroj Mahasaranon
  • Interim civilian government
  • 2006 Interim Constitution
  • 2007 Constitution of Thailand

People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD)

  • Sondhi Limthongkul
  • Chamlong Srimuang
  • Somkeit Pongpaibul
  • Somsak Kosaisuuk
  • Pipob Thongchai

National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD)

  • Veera Musigapong
  • Jatuporn Phromphan
  • Jakrapob Penkair
  • Nattawut Saikeua
  • Kokeaw Pikulthong
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