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February 6, 2009

Wikipedia: Grand slam (baseball)

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In the sport of baseball, a grand slam is a home run hit with all the bases occupied by baserunners, thereby scoring 4 runs – the most possible on a single play. According to The Dickson Baseball Dictionary, the term originated in the card game of contract bridge, in which a “grand slam” involves taking all the possible tricks. The word “slam”, by itself, is usually connected with a loud sound, particularly of a door being closed with excess force; thus, “slamming the door” on one’s opponent(s). The term was extended to various sports, such as golf and tennis, for winning all the major tournaments. It is even used in restaurants, for example a “grand slam breakfast” consisting of samplings of all the most common dishes. Word-playing sportscasters have also coined the popular (and etymologically unrelated) variation, “grand salami”.

Lou Gehrig hit 23 career grand slam home runs, the most by any player in Major League Baseball history. Don Mattingly set the single-season record with 6 grand slams in 1987 – remarkably, the only 6 of his entire 14-year career; Travis Hafner tied the single-season record in 2006. Roger Connor is believed to have been the first major league player to hit a grand slam, on September 10, 1881 for the Troy Trojans, although Charlie Gould hit one for the Boston Red Stockings in the National Association on September 5, 1871[1] (the National Association is not recognized by Major League Baseball as a major league).

On several occasions in major league history, the first being Connor’s 1881 home run, a player has hit a walk-off grand slam for a one-run victory; some baseball observers call this an “ultimate grand slam”.[2]

In the 2005 major league season, grand slams accounted for 132 of the 5017 total home runs hit (2.6 %). On June 13 and 14, 2006, the Minnesota Twins recorded the rare feat of two grand slams in consecutive games against the Boston Red Sox, including a walk off grand slam by Jason Kubel in the 12th inning on the 13th. Also in 2006, the Chicago White Sox hit grand slams in three consecutive games against the Houston Astros on June 23, June 24, and June 25. Two of the three grand slams were hit by second baseman Tadahito Iguchi. They became the first team to accomplish this feat since the Detroit Tigers did it in 1993. In 2007, the Kansas City Royals surrendered grand slams in three straight games, two against the Baltimore Orioles and one against the Detroit Tigers, from April 13 to April 16, 2007.

In the 2006 major league season, Travis Hafner of the Cleveland Indians set a major league record by hitting five grand slams prior to the All-Star Break. Weeks later on July 16, Carlos Beltran and Cliff Floyd of the New York Mets hit grand slams during an 11-run 6th inning in a game against the Chicago Cubs, the eighth time two grand slams have been hit in a single inning (the fourth time in National League history). Hafner’s sixth grand slam on August 13 tied Mattingly’s record for most in a season.

In Japan’s professional league, the feat of multiple grand slams in a single inning by a team has been accomplished three times; most recently on April 1, 2007 by José Fernández and Takeshi Yamasaki of the Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles. The Daiei Hawks accomplished the feat in 1999.[3]

Three players have hit grand slams at their first at-bat: Bill Duggleby (1898), Jeremy Hermida (2005), and Kevin Kouzmanoff (2006). Kouzmanoff was the only to hit a grand slam off of the first pitch, while Hermida’s grand slam was in a pinch-hit at bat.

Tony Cloninger became the first (and, so far, only) pitcher to hit two grand slams in one game, for the Atlanta Braves in a 1966 contest against the San Francisco Giants.

The only major leaguer to hit two grand slams in one inning is Fernando Tatis of the St. Louis Cardinals, who did so on April 23, 1999 in a road game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with both grand slams coming off Chan Ho Park in the third inning. Tatis was only the second National League player to hit 2 grand slams in one game, joining Tony Cloninger, a pitcher for the Atlanta Braves. Park was only the second pitcher in major league history to give up two grand slams in one inning; Bill Phillips of the Pittsburgh Pirates did it on August 16, 1890, but Park was the first to give up both to the same batter. Tatis had never hit a grand slam before in his career.

The Seattle Mariners’ Felix Hernandez became the first American League pitcher since the designated hitter rule went into effect to hit a grand slam when he did so on June 23, 2008, off New York Mets ace Johan Santana.[4]

Contents

World Series

Follow the linked year on the far left for detailed information on that series.

Year Game Batter Site Pitcher Inning Score after HR Final score Series standing Notes
1920 Game 5, October 10 Elmer Smith, Cleveland League Park Burleigh Grimes, Brooklyn 1st 4-0 8-1, W 3-2 Cle The first slam in Series history, hit with none out in the 1st, is overshadowed when, in the 5th inning, Bill Wambsganss turns the only unassisted triple play ever in the Series.
1936 Game 2, October 2 Tony Lazzeri, New York (AL) Polo Grounds Dick Coffman, New York (NL) 3rd 9-1 18-4, W 1-1 With President Roosevelt in attendance, Lazzeri hits a 2-2 pitch with one out to give the Yankees a sizable lead.
1951 Game 5, October 9 Gil McDougald, New York (AL) Polo Grounds Larry Jansen, New York (NL) 3rd 5-1 13-1, W 3-2 NY(AL) McDougald puts the Yankees up with 2 out in the 3rd.
1953 Game 5, October 4 Mickey Mantle, New York Ebbets Field Russ Meyer, Brooklyn 3rd 6-1 11-7, W 3-2 NY After a two-out error by Gil Hodges, a hit batter and a walk, Mantle hits reliever Meyer’s first pitch out of the park.
1956 Game 2, October 5 Yogi Berra, New York Ebbets Field Don Newcombe, Brooklyn 2nd 6-0 13-8, L 2-0 Bkn Berra’s blast with 2 out isn’t enough to hold off the Dodgers in what becomes, at 3 hours 26 minutes, the longest 9-inning game in Series history until 1993.
1956 Game 7, October 10 Moose Skowron, New York Ebbets Field Roger Craig, Brooklyn 7th 9-0 9-0, W 4-3 NY The Yankees score all their runs on 4 HRs to seal the Series, with Skowron’s wallop on the first pitch with none out ending the scoring.
1960 Game 3, October 8 Bobby Richardson, New York Yankee Stadium Clem Labine, Pittsburgh 1st 6-0 10-0, W 2-1 NY Richardson’s HR with 1 out in the 1st starts him toward a Series-record 6 RBI.
1962 Game 4, October 8 Chuck Hiller, San Francisco Yankee Stadium Marshall Bridges, New York 7th 6-2 7-3, W 2-2 With 2 out, Hiller hits the first grand slam by a National Leaguer in the Series.
1964 Game 4, October 11 Ken Boyer, St. Louis Yankee Stadium Al Downing, New York 6th 4-3 4-3, W 2-2 With men on 1st and 2nd, Bobby Richardson’s error with 1 out while seeking a double play opens the gate for Boyer to hit his pivotal blast.
1964 Game 6, October 14 Joe Pepitone, New York Sportsman’s Park Gordie Richardson, St. Louis 8th 8-1 8-3, W 3-3 With 2 out, Pepitone hits one onto the roof of the right field pavilion to help force Game 7.
1968 Game 6, October 9 Jim Northrup, Detroit Busch Stadium Larry Jaster, St. Louis 3rd 8-0 13-1, W 3-3 Northrup’s HR with none out is the highlight of a 10-run inning which puts the Tigers ahead 12-0.
1970 Game 3, October 13 Dave McNally, Baltimore Memorial Stadium Wayne Granger, Cincinnati 6th 8-1 9-3, W 3-0 Besides his 2-out HR, McNally also pitches a complete game to put Baltimore within one win of the title.
1987 Game 1, October 17 Dan Gladden, Minnesota Metrodome Bob Forsch, St. Louis 4th 7-1 10-1, W 1-0 Min Gladden’s HR with none out caps a 7-run inning which ends the Cardinals’ 25-inning shutout streak.
1987 Game 6, October 24 Kent Hrbek, Minnesota Metrodome Ken Dayley, St. Louis 6th 10-5 11-5, W 3-3 With 2 out, Hrbek hits reliever Dayley’s first pitch out of the park.
1988 Game 1, October 15 José Canseco, Oakland Dodger Stadium Tim Belcher, Los Angeles 2nd 4-2 5-4, L 1-0 LA With 2 out, Canseco hits his first major league grand slam on a 1-0 pitch; but Kirk Gibson’s walk-off home run wins it for the Dodgers.
1992 Game 5, October 22 Lonnie Smith, Atlanta SkyDome Jack Morris, Toronto 5th 7-2 7-2, W 3-2 Tor With 2 out, Smith’s HR helps keep the Braves alive in the Series.
1998 Game 1, October 17 Tino Martinez, New York Yankee Stadium Mark Langston, San Diego 7th 9-5 9-6, W 1-0 NY Martinez’ 2-out HR follows Chuck Knoblauch’s 3-run game-tying shot earlier in the inning.
2005 Game 2, October 23 Paul Konerko, Chicago U.S. Cellular Field Chad Qualls, Houston 7th 6-4 7-6, W 2-0 Chi Konerko’s 2-out shot to left on reliever Qualls’ first pitch gives the White Sox a 6-4 lead, but Scott Podsednik later wins it with a walk-off home run, after Houston tied it at 6 with two outs in the top of the 9th.

Other major league postseason grand slams

Series Game Batter Site Pitcher Inning Score after HR Final score Series standing Notes
1970 ALCS Game 1, October 3 Mike Cuellar, Baltimore Metropolitan Stadium Jim Perry, Minnesota 4th 7-2 10-6, W 1-0 Bal In the first grand slam in the history of the LCS, Cuellar, who batted only .089 in the regular season, pulls the ball down the right field line with one out; clearly foul when passing first base, the 29 mph wind carries it fair. Cuellar himself does not last through the fifth inning.
1977 NLCS Game 1, October 4 Ron Cey, Los Angeles Dodger Stadium Steve Carlton, Philadelphia 7th 5-5 7-5, L 1-0 Phi With two out, Cey fouls off three full-count pitches before tying the game, but three singles and a balk in the 9th give the Phillies the win.
1977 NLCS Game 2, October 5 Dusty Baker, Los Angeles Dodger Stadium Jim Lonborg, Philadelphia 4th 5-1 7-1, W 1-1 After Steve Garvey is walked intentionally with one out, Baker gives the Dodgers their second grand slam in as many nights.
1982 ALCS Game 4, October 9 Don Baylor, California Milwaukee County Stadium Moose Haas, Milwaukee 8th 5-7 9-5, L 2-2 After Haas takes a no-hitter into the 6th in a game delayed twice by rain, Baylor brings the Angels within two runs with one out in the 8th.
1989 NLCS Game 1, October 4 Will Clark, San Francisco Wrigley Field Greg Maddux, Chicago 4th 8-3 11-3, W 1-0 SF With two out, Clark hits the first pitch for his second HR of the game; he also singles, doubles and walks, picking up an NLCS-record 6 RBI.
1992 NLCS Game 2, October 7 Ron Gant, Atlanta Fulton County Stadium Bob Walk, Pittsburgh 5th 8-0 13-5, W 2-0 Atl With two out, Gant hits his first career grand slam to double the Braves’ lead.
1995 NLDS Game 3, October 6 Mark Lewis, Cincinnati Riverfront Stadium Mark Guthrie, Los Angeles 6th 7-1 10-1, W 3-0 Cin After Guthrie enters the game with none out, Lewis hits the first pinch-hit grand slam in postseason history, propelling the Reds to their eighth straight playoff victory and their eighth NLCS.
1995 ALDS Game 4, October 7 Edgar Martínez, Seattle Kingdome John Wetteland, New York 8th 10-6 11-8, W 2-2 After hitting a 3-run HR in the 3rd to cut NY’s lead to two runs, Martinez hits another to center field to take the lead for good, finishing with a postseason-record 7 RBI. A walk, bunt single and hit batter had loaded the bases with none out.
1996 ALDS Game 1, October 1 Bobby Bonilla, Baltimore Camden Yards Paul Shuey, Cleveland 6th 9-3 10-4, W 1-0 Bal After two walks, a single, a sacrifice fly and a hit batter, Shuey enters the game and is greeted by Bonilla’s blast with two out.
1996 ALDS Game 3, October 4 Albert Belle, Cleveland Jacobs Field Armando Benitez, Baltimore 7th 8-4 9-4, W 2-1 Bal After Orioles starter Mike Mussina is controversially pulled after six innings, Jesse Orosco walks the bases loaded and is replaced; Belle crushes an 0-2 pitch with none out to keep the Indians alive in the series. It would be Belle’s final hit as an Indian.
1996 NLCS Game 2, October 10 Gary Gaetti, St. Louis Fulton County Stadium Greg Maddux, Atlanta 7th 8-3 8-3, W 1-1 In an inning featuring two walks, an error and a wild pitch, Gaetti wallops the first pitch with two out. Maddux surrenders his second grand slam in 34.2 NLCS innings after allowing only one in 2365.2 regular season innings.
1997 NLDS Game 3, October 3 Devon White, Florida 3Com Park Wilson Alvarez, San Francisco 6th 4-1 6-2, W 3-0 Fla With two out, Florida gets a pair of singles and a walk before White hits Alvarez’ 113th pitch to left field. The Marlins advance to their first NLCS, in their fifth year of play.
1997 ALDS Game 3, October 4 Paul O’Neill, New York Jacobs Field Chad Ogea, Cleveland 4th 6-1 6-1, W 2-1 NY After starter Charles Nagy walks the bases loaded, O’Neill greets Ogea with a blast to center field with two out as rain begins to fall.
1998 NLDS Game 1, September 30 Ryan Klesko, Atlanta Turner Field Matt Karchner, Chicago 7th 7-0 7-1, W 1-0 Atl Klesko’s homer with two out, following three walks, secures the win for the Braves.
1998 NLDS Game 3, October 3 Eddie Pérez, Atlanta Wrigley Field Rod Beck, Chicago 8th 6-0 6-2, W 3-0 Atl After Andruw Jones is walked intentionally, Pérez hits a homer with one out to wrap up the series for the Braves, sending the Cubs to their sixth straight playoff loss.
1998 NLCS Game 4, October 11 Andrés Galarraga, Atlanta Qualcomm Stadium Dan Miceli, San Diego 7th 8-3 8-3, W 3-1 SD After Miceli enters the game, Galarraga caps a 6-run inning with a 459-foot blast to left-center with two out, helping to force a Game 5.
1998 ALCS Game 6, October 13 Jim Thome, Cleveland Yankee Stadium David Cone, New York 5th 5-6 9-5, L 4-2 NY Thome’s shot into the third deck with one out pulls the Indians within a run, but it isn’t enough for the defending AL champions as the Yankees advance to the World Series.
1999 NLDS Game 1, October 5 Edgardo Alfonzo, New York Bank One Ballpark Bobby Chouinard, Arizona 9th 8-4 8-4, W 1-0 NY Alfonzo hits his second HR of the game inside the left field foul pole with two out, after Robin Ventura was forced out at the plate one play earlier.
1999 ALDS Game 2, October 7 Jim Thome, Cleveland Jacobs Field John Wasdin, Boston 4th 11-1 11-1, W 2-0 Cle After a 6-run 3rd inning highlighted by Harold Baines’ 3-run HR, Thome makes it a blowout, ending a 5-run inning with a two-out shot and becoming the first player to hit two postseason grand slams.
1999 ALDS Game 5, October 11 Troy O’Leary, Boston Jacobs Field Charles Nagy, Cleveland 3rd 7-5 12-8, W 3-2 Bos O’Leary homers with one out to give Boston the lead, and later hits a 3-run HR in the 7th to break an 8-8 tie and send the Red Sox to the ALCS; both homers come after intentional walks to Nomar Garciaparra.
1999 ALCS Game 4, October 17 Ricky Ledee, New York Fenway Park Rod Beck, Boston 9th 9-2 9-2, W 3-1 NY Ledee hits a pinch-hit HR with one out to wrap up a 6-run inning and the victory.
1999 NLCS Game 5, October 17 Robin Ventura, New York Shea Stadium Kevin McGlinchy, Atlanta 15th 4-3 4-3, W 3-2 Atl The Mets tie the score at 3-3 with a bases-loaded walk with one out, bringing up Ventura, who with 13 career grand slams is tied for the lead among active players with Harold Baines and Mark McGwire. He comes through with the first walk-off grand slam – and the first grand slam in extra innings – in postseason history, clearing the right-center field wall, but is officially credited with only a 1-run single after being mobbed by teammates upon passing first base.
2003 NLCS Game 4, October 11 Aramis Ramírez, Chicago Pro Player Stadium Dontrelle Willis, Florida 1st 4-0 8-3, W 3-1 Chi After Willis walks the bases loaded with one out, Ramírez gets the Cubs off to an early lead by hitting a 2-2 pitch into the left field seats.
2004 ALDS Game 3, October 8 Vladimir Guerrero, Anaheim Fenway Park Mike Timlin, Boston 7th 6-6 8-6, L 3-0 Bos Guerrero ties the score with a two-out HR to right on a 0-1 pitch, but the Red Sox score two in the 10th to advance to the ALCS.
2004 ALCS Game 7, October 20 Johnny Damon, Boston Yankee Stadium Javier Vázquez, New York 2nd 6-0 10-3, W 4-3 Bos Damon homers to right on reliever Vázquez’ first pitch with one out, staking Boston to an early lead; he homers again in the 4th for an 8-1 lead as the Red Sox complete their comeback after being down 3 games to 0.
2005 NLDS Game 1, October 4 Reggie Sanders, St. Louis Busch Stadium Jake Peavy, San Diego 5th 8-0 8-5, W 1-0 StL With one out, Sanders homers on a 3-0 fastball from Peavy, who was unknowingly pitching with a fractured rib.
2005 NLDS Game 4, October 9 Adam LaRoche, Atlanta Minute Maid Park Brandon Backe, Houston 3rd 4-0 7-6, L 3-1 Hou LaRoche, battling stomach flu, homers with two out, after two walks and a hit batter, to give the Braves an early lead, but the Astros tie the game 6-6 in the 9th and win in 18 innings to advance to the NLCS.
2005 NLDS Game 4, October 9 Lance Berkman, Houston Minute Maid Park Kyle Farnsworth, Atlanta 8th 5-6 7-6, W 3-1 Hou With one out, Berkman hits an opposite-field homer to left on a 2-1 pitch to bring the Astros within a run; it is the first time that two grand slams are hit in the same postseason game. After tying the game in the 9th, the Astros win the series on Chris Burke’s walk-off homer in the 18th, making it the longest game in postseason history.
2007 NLDS Game 2, October 4 Kaz Matsui, Colorado Rockies Citizens Bank Park Kyle Lohse, Philadelphia Phillies 4th 2-3 6-3, W 2-0 Col Matsui’s slam gives the Rockies a 6-3 lead on the way to winning the game 10-5 and giving Colorado a 2-0 series lead.
2007 ALCS Game 6, October 20 J. D. Drew, Boston Red Sox Fenway Park Fausto Carmona, Cleveland Indians 1st 4-0 12-2 W 3-3 Drew gave the Red Sox an early lead in the must-win game as the Red Sox tied the series.
2008 NLDS Game 1, October 1 James Loney, Los Angeles Dodgers Wrigley Field Ryan Dempster, Chicago Cubs 5th 4-2 7-2, W 1-0 LA After Dempster walked the bases loaded, Loney hits it to center to give the Dodgers a 4-2 lead.
2008 NLDS Game 2, October 2 Shane Victorino, Philadelphia Phillies Citizens Bank Park CC Sabathia, Milwaukee Brewers 2nd 5-1 5-2, W 2-0 Phi Victorino’s slam, the first in Phillies postseason history, broke a 1-1 tie after pitcher Brett Myers drew a two-out walk in a nine-pitch at-bat.

All-Star Game

Year Batter Date and Site Pitcher Inning Score after HR Final score Notes
1983 Fred Lynn, AL (California) July 6, Comiskey Park Atlee Hammaker, NL (San Francisco) 3rd 9-1 13-3, W In the 50th anniversary game, Lynn hits the first grand slam in All-Star history to right field on a 2-2 pitch with two out, capping a 7-run inning and virtually ensuring the AL’s first victory since 1971 and second since 1962. Just before the pitch, NBC put on-screen a graphic indicating that there had never been a grand slam hit in All-Star history.

Career grand slam leaders

Players in Bold are currently active (as of 2008).

  • Lou Gehrig – 23 (all with New York Yankees)
  • Manny Ramírez – 20
  • Eddie Murray – 19
  • Willie McCovey – 18 (National League record)
  • Robin Ventura – 18
  • Jimmie Foxx – 17
  • Alex Rodriguez – 17
  • Ted Williams – 17
  • Hank Aaron – 16
  • Ken Griffey, Jr. – 16
  • Dave Kingman – 16
  • Babe Ruth – 16

See also

  • Major league players who have hit two grand slams in one game

References

  • Ryczek, William J. (1992). Blackguards and Red Stockings; A History of Baseball’s National Association 1871-1875. Wallingford, CT: Colebrook Press. ISBN 0-9673718-0-5
  • Orem, Preston D. (1961). Baseball (1845-1881) From the Newspaper Accounts. Altadena, CA: Self-published.
  1. ^ Charlton, James. “The Chronology – 1871”. BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-29.
  2. ^ “Ultimate Grand Slams”. SI.com (2002-05-18). Retrieved on 2002-07-30.
  3. ^ “Hawks pound Shimizu, Marines”. Retrieved on 2007-04-02.
  4. ^ “Notebook – Grand slam by Felix Hernandez is one for the books”. Retrieved on 2008-12-30.
This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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