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February 10, 2009

Wikipedia: Pando Department

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Pando Department
On the left Madeira River, on the right Abunã River, in the middle the northernmost point of Bolivia (see the flag), in the border Brazil-Bolivia
Bandera del Departamento de Pando Escudo
Department Flag Department Coat of Arms

Motto: ¡Fuerza, trabajo y fe! (Force, work and faith!)

Anthem: Tierra santa vestida de gloria

Capital Cobija
Largest city Cobija
Official languages Spanish
Provinces 5
 – total
 – % of Bolivia
Place nº 5
63,827 km²
 – Total (2005)
 – % of Bolivia
 – Density
Place nº 9
0.96 hab/km²
Creation September 24, 1938
Prefect Leopoldo Fernández (PODEMOS)
Senators Paulo Bravo (PODEMOS)

Róger Pinto (PODEMOS)

José Villavicencio (UN)

Deputies 5 out of 130
Calling Code: + (591) 3
ISO 3166-2 BO-N
Abbreviations PA

Pando is a department of Bolivia, with an area of 63,827 km², adjoining the border with Brazil. Population (2001 census) 52,525. Its capital is the city of Cobija.

The department, which was named after former president Jose Manuel Pando (1899-1905), is divided in 5 provinces.

Although Pando is rich in natural resources, the poverty level of its inhabitants is high, due largely to a lack of roads effectively linking the province to the rest of the country and the presence of tropical diseases typical of life in the Amazonian ran forest. The main economic activities are agriculture, timber and cattle.

At an altitude of 280 meters above sea level in the northwestern jungle region, Pando is located in the rainiest part of Bolivia. Pando also has a hot climate, with temperatures commonly above 26 degrees Celsius (80 Fahrenheit).

Pando is the least populous department in Bolivia, the most tropical (lying closest to the Equator in the Amazonian Basin), and the most isolated, due to an absence of effective roads linking it to the rest of the country. It was organized at the beginning of the 20th century from what was left of the Acre Territory, lost to Brazil as a result of the so-called Acre War (1903). Its capital city of Cobija (the smallest of all the Bolivian departmental capitals) was named after the much-lamented Bolivian port of the same name on the Pacific Ocean, part of an area lost to Chile following the War of the Pacific.

Although backward and remote, Pando is densely forested and close to navigable waterways leading to the Amazon River and from there on to the Atlantic Ocean. For that reason, the department underwent a “rubber” boom in the late 1800s and early 1900s, along with the northern part of nearby Beni department. The “boom,” however, turned into a collapse of the rubber industry when synthetic rubber was discovered, and Pando returned to a state of benign neglect thereafter.

Culturally, the Pandinos are considered part of the so-called Camba culture of the Bolivian lowlands. That is, in habits, attitudes, and speech, they are similar to the people of the country’s other 2 tropical departments, Beni and Santa Cruz. Indeed, many of Pando’s original settlers moved there from nearby Beni. It has been remarked that the Camba dialect, as well as the customs of the inhabitants of Bolivia’s tropical lowlands, are almost purely Andalusian.[citation needed]

Despite their poverty, Pandinos share (along with (Beni and Santa Cruz) a certain mistrust, and often contempt, of Andean culture, considering themselves to be lighter and more purely Spanish than the Quechua and Aymara-speaking populations of the highlands. Considerable resentment exists against the central government, which allegedly did very little to build roads or integrate Pando into the economy and political life of the country. Far from the centers of power in Bolivian society, Pando has recently linked its fate with that of Santa Cruz and Beni, which (along with Tarija and Chuquisaca) are demanding increased autonomy for the departments at the expense of the central government. Considerable social unrest took place in 2008, culminating in the spectacular arrest in September of the Prefect (equivalent of Governor) of Pando, Leopoldo Fernández, stemming from a massacre[1] of anti-autonomy backers of President Evo Morales.


Provinces of Pando

  • Abuná
  • Federico Román
  • Madre de Dios
  • Manuripi
  • Nicolás Suárez

See also

  • Manuripi-Heath Amazonian Wildlife National Reserve


  1. ^ Chavez, Franz (2008-09-16). “Governor Arrested for “Porvenir Massacre””. Inter Press Service. Retrieved on 2009=01-27. 

External links

  • Official website

Coordinates: 11°11′S 67°11′W / 11.183°S 67.183°W / -11.183; -67.183

This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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