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February 10, 2009

Wikipedia: Chuquisaca Department

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Department of Chuquisaca
Laguna de Culpina

Laguna de Culpina

Flag of Department of Chuquisaca
Flag
Location within Bolivia

Location within Bolivia

Country  Bolivia
Capital
Government
 – Prefect Savina Cuéllar
Area
 – Total 51,524 km2 (19,893.5 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 – Total 572,165
Time zone BOT (UTC-4)
HDI (2004)
ISO 3166-2 BO-H
Postal abbrv.
Website http://www.chuquisaca.gob.bo/

Chuquisaca is a department of Bolivia located in the center south. It borders on the departments of Cochabamba, Tarija, Potosí, and Santa Cruz. The departmental capital is Sucre, which is also the constitutional capital of Bolivia.

Contents

Geography

The department is traversed by the main cordillera of the Andes mountain range and lesser cordilleras. Parts of it lie within the basin of the Amazon River, and other parts within the basin of the Río de La Plata.

Government

The departments of Bolivia are governed by prefects. June 29, 2008, Savina Cuéllar of the Alianza Comité Interinstitucional (ACI) was elected Prefect of Chuquisaca.

Provinces

The department is divided into 10 provinces.

Name Population Area km² Capital
Oropeza 275.765 3.943 Yotala
Azurduy 27.973 4.185 Sopachuy
Jaime Zudáñez 34.640 3.738 Presto
Tomina 38.359 3.947 Padilla
Hernando Siles 37.035 5.473 Monteagudo
Yamparaez 28.797 1.472 Tarabuco
Nor Cinti 71.084 7.983 Camargo
Sud Cinti 24.010 5.484 Villa Abecia
Belisario Boeto 12.237 2.000 Serrano
Luis Calvo 22.275 13.299 Villa Vaca Guzmán (Tarvita)

History

The native inhabitants were the Charcas, who were dispersed along riverbanks and lowlands. Their leaders, jampiris, sorcerers, and priests resided in the capital, Choque-Chaca, which according to 17th century chronicles had a population of several thousand.[citation needed]

The capital city of Sucre

Sucre (elev. 2750 m) is called the city of the four names, each name corresponding to a different period of its history. It was founded by the Spaniard Pedro de Anzures in 1538. It thrived due to its regional proximity to the famous silver mines of Potosi, and as Charcas served as capital of the Real Audiencia de Charcas, encompassing all of current Bolivia’s territory and more. Reverting to its native name of Chuquisaca, it was the Upper Peru’s chief administrative center and largest city. It was there that the first public call for independence from Spain took place, on May 25, 1809, and where the Act of Independence from Spanish rule was signed on August 6, 1825. It was immediately designated the capital of independent Bolivia, under the auspices of Simon Bolivar and Antonio Jose de Sucre. Years later, the city of Chuquisaca was renamed Sucre in honor of the Venezuelan-born hero of South America’s independence, who had served as the first effective administrator of the country (and second President).

When the center of political and economic power shifted north, to the tin-producing regions of Oruro and La Paz, Sucre’s importance waned, leading to the displacement of the legislative and executive powers to La Paz. However, in honor of Sucre’s historical preponderance, the judicial branch (Supreme Court) continues to operate there, and the city’s official status as capital of the country was never revoked.

See also

  • El Palmar Integrated Management Natural Area
  • Provinces of Bolivia

References

External links

  • Sucre.com.bo – El portal de Sucre, la Capital de la República de Bolivia(es)
  • Bolivian Music and Web Varieties
  • Lots of photos of indigenous fiestas, including the famous Pujllay of Tarabuco and the Tarabuco market

Coordinates: 20°00′S 64°25′W / 20°S 64.417°W / -20; -64.417

This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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