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March 10, 2009

Wikipedia: Indiana County, Pennsylvania

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Indiana County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Indiana County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania’s location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 30, 1803
Seat Indiana
Largest city Indiana
Area
 – Total
 – Land
 – Water
834 sq mi (2,160 km²)
829 sq mi (2,147 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 0.60%
Population
 – (2000)
 – Density
89,605
109/sq mi (42/km²)
Website: www.countyofindiana.org

Indiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. In 2000, its population was 89,605. Indiana County was created on March 30, 1803, from parts of Westmoreland and Clearfield Counties, and is probably named for the Indiana Territory. Its county seat is Indiana[1]. The county proclaims itself the “Christmas Tree Capital of the World”, shipping over one million trees annually.[2]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 834 square miles (2,161 km²), of which, 829 square miles (2,148 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (13 km²) of it (0.60%) is water.

Adjacent counties

  • Jefferson County (north)
  • Clearfield County (northeast)
  • Cambria County (southeast)
  • Westmoreland County (south)
  • Armstrong County (west)

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 89,605 people, 34,123 households, and 22,521 families residing in the county. The population density was 108 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 37,250 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.87% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.7% Irish, 8.6% American, 7.1% English and 6.8% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 34,123 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 16.60% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

Municipalities

Map of Indiana County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Indiana County:

Boroughs

  • Armagh
  • Blairsville
  • Cherry Tree
  • Clymer
  • Creekside
  • Ernest
  • Glen Campbell
  • Homer City
  • Indiana
  • Marion Center
  • Plumville
  • Saltsburg
  • Shelocta
  • Smicksburg

Townships

  • Armstrong Township
  • Banks Township
  • Black Lick Township
  • Brush Valley Township
  • Buffington Township
  • Burrell Township
  • Canoe Township
  • Center Township
  • Cherryhill Township
  • Conemaugh Township
  • East Mahoning Township
  • East Wheatfield Township
  • Grant Township
  • Green Township
  • Montgomery Township
  • North Mahoning Township
  • Pine Township
  • Rayne Township (includes the village of Home)
  • South Mahoning Township
  • Washington Township
  • West Mahoning Township
  • West Wheatfield Township
  • White Township
  • Young Township

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

  • Black Lick
  • Chevy Chase Heights
  • Commodore
  • Dixonville
  • Heilwood
  • Jacksonville
  • Lucerne Mines
  • Rossiter

Environment

In 2003 the county was recommended for nonattainment under EPA ozone standards based upon mobile source contribution to smog-forming emissions.[4]

The county is also the site of the Homer City Generating Station, a coal-burning power plant. The plant has caught the attention of environmentalists as being ranked second in emissions, in 2002, of Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) in Pennsylvania.[5] The plant also ranked high, in 2003, in the emissions of both sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide ranking 4th and 28th in the nation.[6]

Natives and residents of note

  • John Buccigross, ESPN anchor, former co-host of NHL 2Night
  • Samuel Martin Kier, “Grandfather of the American Oil Industry”
  • Jim Nance, former football player, Running Back Syracuse University and later professionally with the New England/Boston Patriots
  • James Stewart, actor, born in Indiana Borough

Education

Map of Indiana County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Public School Districts

  • Armstrong School District (pt.)
  • Apollo-Ridge School District (pt.)
  • Blairsville-Saltsburg School District
  • Harmony Area School District (pt.)
  • Homer-Center School District
  • Indiana Area School District
  • Marion Center Area School District
  • Penns Manor Area School District
  • Punxsutawney Area School District (pt.)
  • Purchase Line School District
  • United School District
    • (pt.) – district partially in Indiana County, with school buildings located in another county.

Post-Secondary Education

  • Indiana University of Pennsylvania – Indiana
  • WyoTech – Blairsville
  • Cambria-Rowe Business College – Indiana
  • Westmoreland County Community College – Indiana

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Indiana County, Pennsylvania
  • Indiana County Transit Authority

References

  1. ^ “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ “‘Tis the season for tree farmers”. Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. December 20, 2004. http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_285172.html. Retrieved on May 16 2006. 
  3. ^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ “Figure 3. Mobile Source Contribution to Smog-Forming Emissions in Counties Recommended for Nonattainment under New EPA Ozone Standards”. Surface Transportation Policy Project. April 16, 2004. http://www.transact.org/nrdc/ozoneappendix.htm. Retrieved on May 16 2006. 
  5. ^ “Pa. ranks among worst states for toxic emissions”. Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. November 18, 2002. http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_103122.html. Retrieved on May 16 2006. 
  6. ^ Environmental Integrity Project & Public Citizen’s Congress Watch (May 2004) (PDF). America’s Dirtiest Power Plants: Plugged into the Bush Administration. http://www.whitehouseforsale.org/documents/dirtiest_plants2.pdf. 

External links

  • Indiana County official website
  • The Indiana County Tourist Bureau
  • The Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana County

Coordinates: 40°39′N 79°05′W / 40.65°N 79.09°W / 40.65; -79.09

This text comes from Wikipedia. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. For a complete list of contributors for this article, visit the corresponding history entry on Wikipedia.

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