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Wikipedia: Canadian federal election, 2006

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Canadian federal election, 2006
308 seats in the 39th Canadian Parliament
January 23, 2006
Government Opposition
Leader Stephen Harper Paul Martin
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader’s seat Calgary Southwest LaSalle—Émard
Last election 99 135
Seats won 124 103
Seat change +25 -32
Popular vote 5,374,071 4,479,415
Percentage 36.27% 30.23%
Swing +6.64% -6.50%
Third Party Fourth Party
Leader Gilles Duceppe Jack Layton
Party Bloc Québécois New Democrat
Leader’s seat Laurier—
Last election 54 19
Seats won 51 29
Seat change -3 +10
Popular vote 1,553,201 2,589,597
Percentage 10.48% 17.48%
Swing -1.90% +1.79%
Canadian federal election, 2006
Incumbent PM
Paul Martin
Stephen Harper
Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election.      Conservatives (124)      Liberals (103)      Bloc Québécois (51)      New Democrats (29)      Independent (1)

Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. Conservatives (124) Liberals (103) Bloc Québécois (51) New Democrats (29) Independent (1)

The 2006 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th General Election) was held on January 23, 2006, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 39th Parliament of Canada. The Conservative Party of Canada won a plurality of seats: 40.3% of seats, or 124 out of 308, up from 99 seats in 2004, and 36.3% of votes: up from 29.6% in the 2004 election. The election resulted in a minority government led by the Conservative Party with Stephen Harper becoming the 22nd Prime Minister of Canada. By proportion of seats, this is Canada’s smallest minority government since Confederation.


Cause of the election

This general election elected members for the House of Commons, indirectly determining the prime minister and cabinet, as the government will be formed by the political party or coalition of parties that the governor general determines is best able to command the confidence of the House (usually the one with the most elected members). This unusual winter election was caused by a motion of no confidence passed by the House of Commons on November 28, 2005. The following morning, Prime Minister Paul Martin met Governor General Michaëlle Jean, who agreed to dissolve the minority parliament, issuing a proclamation of the dissolution (Canada Gazette: Proclamation Dissolving Parliament). The Governor General then issued a proclamation issuing Writs of election (Canada Gazette: Proclamation Issuing Election Writs), followed by a final proclamation summoning Parliament to meet (Canada Gazette: Proclamation Summoning Parliament to Meet on February 20, 2006), though this will be superseded by further proclamations as the date for the assembling of Parliament is changed. The campaign was almost eight weeks in length, the longest in two decades, in order to allow for downtime over the Christmas and New Year holidays.

Recent political events, most notably testimony to the Gomery Commission investigating the sponsorship scandal, significantly weakened the Liberals (who, under Martin, had formed the first Liberal minority government since the Trudeau era) by allegations of criminal corruption in the party. The first Gomery report, released November 1, 2005, had found a “culture of entitlement” to exist within the Government. Although the next election was not legally required until 2009, the opposition had enough votes to force the dissolution of Parliament earlier. While Prime Minister Martin had committed in April 2005 to dissolve Parliament within a month of the tabling of the second Gomery Report (which was released on schedule on February 1, 2006), all three opposition parties—the Conservatives, Bloc Québécois, and New Democratic Party (NDP) — and three of the four independents decided that the issue at hand was how to correct the Liberal corruption, and the motion of non-confidence passed 171-133.


Main article: Results of the Canadian federal election, 2006

Harper was reelected in Calgary Southwest, which he has held since 2002, ensuring that he has a seat in the new parliament. The election was held on January 23, 2006. The first polls closed at 07:00 p.m. ET (0000 UTC); Elections Canada started to publish preliminary results on its website at 10:00 p.m. ET as the last polls closed. Shortly after midnight (ET) that night, incumbent Prime Minister Paul Martin conceded defeat, and announced that he will resign as leader of the Liberal Party. He will continue to sit as a Member of Parliament representing LaSalle—Émard, the Montreal-area riding he has held since 1988.

At 9:30 a.m. on January 24, Martin informed Governor General Michaëlle Jean that he would not form a government and intended to resign as Prime Minister. It was announced a month later that there will be a Liberal leadership convention later in the year, during which Stéphane Dion won the leadership of the Liberal Party. Later that day, at 6:45 p.m., Jean invited Harper to form a government. Martin formally resigned and Harper was formally appointed and sworn in as Prime Minister on February 6.[1]

Overall results

The results show a Conservative minority government with 124 seats in parliament with a Liberal opposition and a strengthened NDP. In his speech following the loss, Martin stated he would not lead the Liberal Party of Canada in another election. Preliminary results indicated that 64.9% of registered voters cast a ballot, a notable increase over 2004’s 60.9%.[2]

The NDP won new seats in British Columbia and Ontario as their overall popular vote increased 2% from 2004. The Bloc managed to win almost as many seats as in 2004 despite losing a significant percentage of the vote. Most of the Conservatives’ gains were in Ontario and Quebec as they took a net loss in the west. The popular vote of the Conservatives and Liberals were almost the mirror image of 2004, though the Conservatives were not able to translate this into as many seats as the Liberals did in 2004.

A judicial recount was automatically scheduled in the Parry Sound—Muskoka riding, where early results showed Conservative Tony Clement only 21 votes ahead of Liberal Andy Mitchell, because the difference of votes cast between the two leading candidates was less than 0.1%. Clement was confirmed as the winner by 28 votes.[3]

Conservative candidate Jeremy Harrison, narrowly defeated by Liberal Gary Merasty in the Saskatchewan riding of Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River by 72 votes, alleged electoral fraud but decided not to pursue the matter. A judicial recount was ordered in the riding,[4] which certified Gary Merasty the winner by a reduced margin of 68 votes.[5]

e•d Summary of the 23 January 2006 Canadian House of Commons election results
Party Party leader Candi-
Seats Popular vote
2004 Dissol. 2006 % Change # % Change
Conservative Party of Canada Stephen Harper 308 99 98 124 +25.3% 5,374,071 36.27% +6.64%
Liberal Party of Canada Paul Martin 308 135 133 103 -23.7% 4,479,415 30.23% -6.50%
Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe 75 54 53 51 -5.6% 1,553,201 10.48% -1.90%
New Democratic Party Jack Layton 308 19 18 29 +52.6% 2,589,597 17.48% +1.79%
Green Party of Canada Jim Harris 308 664,068 4.48% +0.19%
Christian Heritage Party of Canada Ron Gray 45 28,152 0.19% -0.11%
Progressive Canadian Party Tracy Parsons 25 14,151 0.10% +0.02%
Marijuana Party of Canada Blair Longley 23 9,171 0.06% -0.18%
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) Sandra L. Smith 69 8,980 0.06% +0.00%
Canadian Action Party Connie Fogal 34 6,102 0.04% -0.02%
Communist Party of Canada Miguel Figueroa 21 3,022 0.02% -0.01%
Libertarian Party of Canada Jean-Serge Brisson 10 3,002 0.02% +0.01%
First Peoples National Party of Canada Barbara Wardlaw 5 * * 1,201 0.01% *
Western Block Party Doug Christie 4 * * 1,094 0.01% *
Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party Liz White 1 * * 72 0.0005% *
Independents and no affiliation 90 1 4 11 81,860 0.55% -0.07%
Vacant 2
Total 1634 308 308 308 14,845,680 100%
Source: Elections Canada


Official candidate nominations closed January 2, 2006. Candidate totals cited above are based on official filings. Nominations were official on January 5, 2006.
“% change” refers to change from previous election
* indicates the party did not contest in the previous election.
1 André Arthur was elected as an independent candidate in the Quebec City-area riding of Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier. He personally won 20,158 votes.
“% change” refers to change from previous election
* indicates the party did not contest the previous election.
See below next table for other notes.

Results by province

Conservative Seats: 17[1] 28 12 8 40 10 3 3 3 124
Vote: 37.3 65.0 48.9 42.8 35.1 24.6 35.7 29.69 33.4 42.67 29.6 19.8 23.67 36.25
Liberal Seats: 9[2] 2 3 54 13 6 6 4 4 1 1 103
Vote: 27.6 15.3 22.4 26.0 39.9 20.7 39.2 37.15 52.5 42.82 39.1 34.9 48.52 30.2
Bloc Québécois Seats: 51 51
Vote: 42.1 10.5
New Democrat Seats: 10 3 12 1 2 1 29
Vote: 28.6 11.6 24.0 25.4 19.4 7.5 21.9 29.84 9.6 13.58 17.6 42.1 23.85 17.5
Green Vote: 5.3 6.5 3.2 3.9 4.7 4.0 2.4 2.6 3.9 0.9 5.9 2.1 4.0 4.5
Independent / No affiliation Seats: 1[3] 1
Vote: 0.9 0.1
Total seats: 36 28 14 14 106 75 10 11 4 7 1 1 1 308

10 closest ridings

  1. Parry Sound—Muskoka, ON: Tony Clement (Cons) def. Andy Mitchell (Lib) by 28 votes
  2. Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River, SK: Gary Merasty (Lib) def. Jeremy Harrison (Cons) by 73 votes
  3. Winnipeg South, MB: Rod Bruinooge (Cons) def. Reg Alcock (Lib) by 111 votes
  4. Glengarry—Prescott—Russell, ON: Pierre Lemieux (Cons) def. René Berthiaume (Lib) by 203 votes
  5. Louis-Hébert, QC: Luc Harvey (Cons) def. Roger Clavet (BQ) by 231 votes
  6. St. Catharines, ON: Rick Dykstra (Cons) def. Walt Lastewka (Lib) by 244 votes
  7. Tobique—Mactaquac, NB: Mike Allen (Cons) def. Andy Savoy (Lib) by 254 votes
  8. Thunder Bay—Superior North, ON: Joe Comuzzi (Lib) def. Bruce Hyer (NDP) by 408 votes
  9. West Nova, NS: Robert Thibault (Lib) def. Greg Kerr (Cons) by 511 votes
  10. Brant, ON: Lloyd St. Amand (Lib) def. Phil McColeman (Cons) by 582 votes

Results by electoral district

  • All on one page
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Nova Scotia
  • New Brunswick
  • Quebec
  • Ontario
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Nunavut
  • Northwest Territories
  • Yukon


Election signs for the Conservatives, Liberals and NDP in the snow in Ottawa South, characterizing Canada's mid-winter election

Election signs for the Conservatives, Liberals and NDP in the snow in Ottawa South, characterizing Canada’s mid-winter election

Most observers believed only the Liberals and the Conservatives were capable of forming a government in this election, although Canadian political history is not without examples of wholly unexpected outcomes, such as Ontario’s provincial election in 1990. However, with the exception of the Unionist government of 1917 (which combined members of both the Conservatives and the Liberals), at the Federal stage, only Liberals or Conservatives have formed government. With the end of the campaign at hand, pollsters and pundits placed the Conservatives ahead of the Liberals.

Prime Minister Paul Martin’s Liberals hoped to recapture their majority, and this appeared likely at one point during the campaign; but it would have required holding back Bloc pressure in Quebec plus picking up some new seats there while also gaining seats in English Canada, most likely in rural Ontario and southwestern British Columbia. Towards the end of the campaign, even high-profile Liberals were beginning to concede defeat, and the best the Liberals could have achieved was a razor-thin minority.

Stephen Harper’s Conservatives succeeded in bringing their new party into power in Canada. While continuing weaknesses in Quebec and urban areas rightfully prompted most observers to consider a Conservative majority government to be mathematically difficult to achieve, early on, Harper’s stated goal was to achieve one nonetheless. Though the Conservatives were ahead of the Liberals in Quebec, they remained far behind the Bloc Québécois, and additional gains in rural and suburban Ontario would have been be necessary to meet Stephen Harper’s goal. The polls had remained pretty well static over the course of December, with the real shift coming in the first few days of the New Year. That is when the Conservatives took the lead and kept it for the rest of the campaign.

Harper started off the first month of the campaign with a policy-per-day strategy, which included a GST reduction and a child-care allowance. The Liberals opted to hold any major announcements until after the Christmas holidays; as a result, Harper dominated media coverage for the first weeks of the campaign and was able to define his platform and insulate it from expected Liberal attacks. On December 27, 2005, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police announced it was investigating allegations that Liberal Finance Minister Ralph Goodale’s office had engaged in insider trading before making an important announcement on the taxation of income trusts. The RCMP indicated that they had no evidence of wrongdoing or criminal activity from any party associated with the investigation, including Goodale. However, the story dominated news coverage for the following week and prevented the Liberals from making their key policy announcements, allowing the Conservatives to refocus their previous attacks about corruption within the Liberal party. The Conservatives soon found themselves leading in the polls. By early January, they made a major breakthrough in Quebec, pushing the Liberals to second place.

As their lead solidified, media coverage of the Conservatives was much more positive, while Liberals found themselves increasingly criticized for running a poor campaign and making numerous gaffes.[6]

The NDP has claimed that last minute tactical voting cost them several seats last time, as left-of-centre voters moved to the Liberals so that they could prevent a Harper-led government. Jack Layton avoided stating his party’s goal was to win the election outright, instead calling for enough New Democrats to be elected to hold the balance of power in a Liberal or Conservative minority government. Political commentators have long argued that the NDP’s main medium-term goal is to serve as junior partners to the Liberals in Canada’s first-ever true coalition government. NDP leader Jack Layton was concerned last time over people voting Liberal so that they could avoid a Conservative government. Over the course of the last week of the campaign, Jack Layton called on Liberal voters disgusted with the corruption to “lend” their votes to the NDP to elect more NDP members to the House and hold the Conservatives to a minority.

The Bloc Québécois had a very successful result in the 2004 election, with the Liberals reduced to the core areas of federalist support in portions of Montreal and the Outaouais. Oddly enough, this meant that there were comparatively few winnable Bloc seats left—perhaps eight or so—for the party to target. With provincial allies the Parti Québécois widely tipped to regain power in 2007, a large sovereigntist contingent in the House could play a major role in reopening the matter of Quebec independence. The Bloc Québécois only runs candidates in the province of Quebec. However, Gilles Duceppe’s dream of winning 50%+ of the popular vote was dashed when the polls broke after the New Year, and the Conservatives became a real threat to that vision in Quebec.

In addition to the four sitting parties, the Green Party of Canada ran candidates in all 308 federal ridings for the second consecutive election. Though the Greens had been an official party since the 1984 election, this campaign was the first in which they had stable financial support with which to campaign. After a breakthrough in the 2004 election, they exceeded the minimum 2% of the popular vote to receive federal funding. Supporters and sympathisers criticize that the party were not invited to the nationally televised debates even with its official status. Though no Green candidate has yet been elected in Canada, the party has occasionally polled as high as 19% in British Columbia and 11% nationwide. Critics of the Green Party contend that, by drawing away left-of-centre votes, the Green Party actually assists the Conservative Party in some ridings. The Greens deny this [4].

Other parties are listed in the table of results above.

Events during the 38th Parliament

Main article: Timeline of the Canadian federal election, 2006

An early election seemed likely because the 2004 federal election, held on June 28, 2004, resulted in the election of a Liberal minority government. In the past, minority governments have had an average lifespan of a year and a half. Some people considered the 38th parliament to be particularly unstable. It involved four parties, and only very implausible ideological combinations (e.g., Liberals + Conservatives; Liberals + BQ; Conservatives + BQ + NDP) could actually command a majority of the seats, a necessity if a government is to retain power. From its earliest moments, there was some threat of the government falling as even the Speech from the Throne almost resulted in a non-confidence vote.

Brinkmanship in the spring of 2005

The Liberal government came close to falling when testimony from the Gomery Commission caused public opinion to move sharply against the government. The Bloc Québécois were eager from the beginning to have an early election. The Conservatives announced they had also lost confidence in the government’s moral authority. Thus, during much of spring 2005, there was a widespread belief that the Liberals would lose a confidence vote, prompting an election taking place in the spring or summer of 2005.

In a televised speech on April 21, Martin promised to request a dissolution of Parliament and begin an election campaign within 30 days of the Gomery Commission’s final report. The release date of that report would later solidify as February 1, 2006; Martin then clarified that he intended to schedule the election call so as to have the polling day in April 2006.

Later that week, the NDP, who had initially opposed the budget, opted to endorse Martin’s proposal for a later election. The Liberals agreed to take corporate tax cuts out of the budget on April 26 in exchange for NDP support on votes of confidence, but even with NDP support the Liberals still fell three votes short of a majority. However, a surprise defection of former Conservative leadership candidate Belinda Stronach to the Liberal party on May 17 changed the balance of power in the House. Independents Chuck Cadman and Carolyn Parrish provided the last two votes needed for the Liberals to win the budget vote.

The deal turned out to be rather unnecessary, as the Conservatives opted to ensure the government’s survival on the motion of confidence surrounding the original budget, expressing support to the tax cuts and defence spending therein. When Parliament voted on second reading and referral of the budget and the amendment on May 19, the previous events kept the government alive. The original budget bill, C-43, passed easily, as expected, but the amendment bill, C-48, resulted in an equality of votes, and the Speaker of the House broke the tie to continue the parliament. The government never got as close to falling after that date. Third reading of Bill C-48 was held late at night on an unexpected day, and several Conservatives being absent, the motion passed easily, guaranteeing there would be no election in the near future.

Aftermath of the first Gomery report

On November 1, John Gomery released his interim report, and the scandal returned to prominence. Liberal support again fell, with some polls registering an immediate ten percent drop. The Conservatives and Bloc thus resumed their push for an election before Martin’s April date. The NDP stated that their support was contingent on the Liberals agreeing to move against the private provision of healthcare. The Liberals and NDP failed to come to an agreement, however, and the NDP joined the two other opposition parties in demanding an election.

However, the Liberals had intentionally scheduled the mandatory “opposition days” (where a specified opposition party controls the agenda) on November 15 (Conservative), November 17 (Bloc Québécois) and November 24 (NDP). These days meant that any election would come over the Christmas season, an unpopular idea. Following negotiations between the opposition parties, they instead issued an ultimatum to the Prime Minister to call an election immediately after the Christmas holidays or face an immediate non-confidence vote which would prompt a holiday-spanning campaign.

To that end, the NDP introduced a parliamentary motion demanding that the government drop the writ in January 2006 for a February 13 election date; however, only the prime minister has the authority to advise the Governor General on an election date, the government was therefore not bound by the NDP’s motion. Martin had indicated that he remained committed to his April 2006 date, and would disregard the motion, which the opposition parties managed to pass, as expected, on November 21 by a vote of 167-129.

The three opposition leaders had agreed to delay the tabling of the no-confidence motion until the 24th, to ensure that a conference between the government and aboriginal leaders scheduled on the 24th would not be disrupted by the campaign. Parliamentary procedure dictated that the vote be deferred until the 28th. Even if the opposition hadn’t put forward the non-confidence motion, the government was still expected to fall—there was to have been a vote on supplementary budget estimates on December 8, and if it had been defeated, loss of supply would have toppled the Liberals.

Conservative leader Stephen Harper, the leader of the Opposition, introduced a motion of no confidence on November 24, which NDP leader Jack Layton seconded. The motion was voted upon and passed in the evening of November 28, with all present MPs from the NDP, Bloc Québécois, and Conservatives and 3 Independents (Bev Desjarlais, David Kilgour and Pat O’Brien), voting with a combined strength of 171 votes for the motion and 132 Liberals and one Independent (Carolyn Parrish) voting against. One Bloc Québécois MP was absent from the vote. It is the fifth time a Canadian government has lost the confidence of Parliament, but the first time this has happened on a straight motion of no confidence. The four previous instances have been due to loss of supply or votes of censure.

Martin visited Governor General Michaëlle Jean the following morning, where he formally advised her to dissolve Parliament and schedule an election for January 23. In accordance with Canadian constitutional practice, she consented (such a request has only been turned down once in Canadian history), officially beginning an election campaign that had been simmering for months.

Early on in the campaign, polls showed the Liberals with a solid 5-10 point lead over the Conservatives, and poised to form a strong minority government at worst. Around Christmas, after reports of an RCMP investigation into allegations of insider trading within the Finance department, this situation changed dramatically, leading to the opposition parties to consistently attack the Liberals on corruption. Almost at the same time, the Boxing Day shooting, an unusually violent gun fight between rival gangs on December 26 in downtown Toronto (resulting in the death of 15-year-old Jane Creba, an innocent bystander), may have swayed some Ontario voters to support the more hardline CPC policies on crime. The Conservatives enjoyed a fairly significant lead in polls leading up to the election, but the gap narrowed in the last few days.


Further information: Issues in the Canadian federal election, 2006

Several issues—some long-standing (notably fiscal imbalance, the gun registry, abortion, and Quebec sovereigntism), others recently brought forth by media coverage or court decisions (the sponsorship scandal, same-sex marriages, income trusts, or Canada-United States relations)—have taken the fore in debate among the parties and also influenced aspects of the parties’ electoral platforms.

Opinion polls

Compiled polling/vote chart showing levels of party support over the course of the election campaign. Note the shift from the Liberals to the Conservatives, during late December and early January.

Compiled polling/vote chart showing levels of party support over the course of the election campaign. Note the shift from the Liberals to the Conservatives, during late December and early January.

Main article: Opinion polling in the Canadian federal election, 2006

Prior to and during the election campaign, opinion polling showed variable support for the governing Liberals and opposition Conservatives. In November 2005, the first report by Justice John Gomery was released to the public; subsequently, poll numbers for the Liberals again dropped. Just days later, polling showed the Liberals were already bouncing back; upon the election call, the Liberals held a small lead over the Conservatives and maintained this for much of December. Renewed accusations of corruption and impropriety at the end of 2005 – amid Royal Canadian Mounted Police criminal probes of possible government leaks regarding income trust tax changes and advertising sponsorships – led to an upswing of Conservative support again and gave them a lead over the Liberals, portending a change in government. Ultimately this scandal was linked to a blackberry exchange to a banking official by Liberal candidate Scott Brison. Polling figures for the NDP increased slightly, while Bloc figures experienced a slight dip; figures for the Green Party did not change appreciably throughout the campaign.


The election involved the same 308 electoral districts as in 2004, except in New Brunswick, where the boundary between Acadie—Bathurst and Miramichi was ruled to be illegal. Many of the candidates were also the same: fewer incumbents chose to leave than if they had served a full term, and the parties have generally blocked challenges to sitting MPs for the duration of the minority government, although there had been some exceptions.

See also: star candidate, Conservative Party candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election, Liberal Party candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election, NDP candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election, Bloc Québécois candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election, and Green Party candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election

Gender breakdown of candidates

An on-going issue in Canadian politics is the imbalance between the genders in selection by political parties of candidates. Although in the past some parties, particularly the New Democrats, have focused on the necessity of having equal gender representation in Parliament, no major party has ever nominated as many or more women than men in a given election. In 2006, the New Democrats had the highest percentage of female candidates (35.1%) of any party aside from the Animal Alliance, which only had one candidate, its leader, Liz White. The proportion of female New Democrats elected was greater than the proportion nominated, indicating female New Democrats were nominated in winnable ridings. 12.3% of Conservative candidates and 25.6% of Liberal candidates were female.

See also: Women in the 39th Canadian Parliament and Female candidates in Canadian elections
Gender breakdown
Party Leader’s
Total Female Male % female
Conservative M 307 38 270 12.3%
Liberal M 307 79 229 25.6%
Bloc Québécois M 75 23 52 30.1%
New Democrats M 308 108 200 35.1%
Green M 308 72 236 23.4%
Christian Heritage M 45 8 37 17.8%
Progressive Cdn. F 25 1 24 4.0%
Marxist-Leninist F 69 24 45 34.8%
Marijuana M 23 1 22 4.3%
Gender breakdown
Party Leader’s
Total Female Male % female
Canadian Action F 34 8 26 23.5%
Communist M 21 7 14 33.3%
Libertarian M 10 1 9 10.0%
First Peoples F 5 0 5 0.0%
Western Block M 4 1 3 25.0%
Animal Alliance F 1 1 0 100.0%
Independent 90 8 82 8.9%
Total 1634 380 1254 23.3%
Source: Elections Canada

Campaign slogans

The parties’ campaign slogans for the 2006 election:

English slogan French slogan Literal English translation
Conservative Stand up for Canada Changeons pour vrai Let’s change for real / for truth (pun)
Liberal Choose your Canada Un Canada à votre image Canada in your image
NDP Getting results for people Des réalisations concrètes pour les gens Solid results for the people
BQ Thankfully, the Bloc is here! Heureusement, ici, c’est le Bloc! Happily, here, it’s the Bloc! or Thankfully, here, it’s the Bloc!
Green We can Oui, nous pouvons Yes, we can


Further information: Endorsements in the Canadian federal election, 2006 and Newspaper endorsements in the Canadian federal election, 2006

Target ridings

Further information: Target ridings in the Canadian federal election, 2006

Incumbent MPs who did not run for re-election


  • Peter Adams, Peterborough
  • David Anderson, Victoria
  • Jean Augustine, Etobicoke—Lakeshore
  • Don Boudria, Glengarry—Prescott—Russell
  • Claudette Bradshaw, Moncton—Riverview—Dieppe
  • Marlene Catterall, Ottawa West—Nepean
  • Claude Drouin, Beauce
  • Paul DeVillers, Simcoe North
  • John Efford, Avalon
  • Beth Phinney, Hamilton Mountain
  • Jerry Pickard, Chatham-Kent—Essex
  • Rose-Marie Ur, Middlesex—Kent—Lambton


  • David Kilgour, Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont
  • Pat O’Brien, London—Fanshawe
  • Carolyn Parrish, Mississauga—Erindale


  • David Chatters, Westlock—St. Paul
  • Gurmant Grewal, Newton—North Delta
  • Jim Gouk, British Columbia Southern Interior
  • Dale Johnston, Wetaskiwin
  • Charlie Penson, Peace River
  • John Reynolds, West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country
  • Werner Schmidt, Kelowna—Lake Country
  • Darrel Stinson, Okanagan—Shuswap
  • Randy White, Abbotsford

New Democrats

  • Ed Broadbent, Ottawa Centre


  • Alain Boire, Beauharnois—Salaberry
  • Marcel Gagnon, Saint-Maurice—Champlain
  • Denise Poirier-Rivard, Châteauguay—Saint-Constant

See also

Articles on parties’ candidates in this election:

  • Independents
  • Canadian Action
  • Communists
  • Progressive Canadians
  • Libertarians
  • Marijuana Party
  • Bloc Québécois
  • Conservatives
  • Green Party
  • New Democrats
  • Christian Heritage

Government links

  • Elections Canada
    • Elections Canada nominations database
    • Election Night Results
    • Results map, PDF, 4.6 MB.
  • Parliament of Canada
  • Prime Minister of Canada

National media coverage

  • CBC News – Canada Votes 2006
    • First English Leaders’ Debate
      • Transcript and RealVideo stream
    • First French Leaders’ Debate
      • Windows Media video stream
    • Second English Leaders’ Debate
      • RealVideo stream
  • CTV News – Election 2006
  • The Globe and Mail – Decision 2006
    • Live election results
  • – Decision Canada


  • A poll asking how much one’s vote is worth
  • 2006 Election Editorial Cartoon Gallery by Graeme MacKay of The Hamilton Spectator.

Party websites

Conservative Party of Canada
Liberal Party of Canada
Bloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Green Party of Canada
Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party
Canadian Action Party
Christian Heritage Party of Canada
Communist Party of Canada
First Peoples National Party
Libertarian Party of Canada
Marijuana Party of Canada
Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada
Progressive Canadian Party
Western Block Party

Federal political parties | Federal electoral districts | Historical federal electoral districts
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